Dr. Suzanne Humphries exposes myths and lies behind vaccine research at the Vaccine World Summit

(NaturalNews) If you haven’t visited the first ever Vaccine World Summit, feel free to sign up now and start learning today! The online event, hosted by Jonathan Landsman of Natural Health 365, is a free learning portal that includes presentations from a variety of professionals who…

Gloucester: Fluoride question advances in city

Gloucester residents are one step closer to being able to determine whether they want fluoride to continue being added to the city’s water supply.

The City Council’s Ordinance and Administration subcommittee devised a non-binding ballot question at its meeting Monday night.

With that, there is an important point the committee, as well as the Cape Ann Fluoride Action Network, would like to make: regardless of any vote, the city’s water supply would not be totally fluoride-free.

A move to eliminate fluoride by residents means that extra fluoride would no longer be added to the water — naturally occurring fluoride would still be in, noted Dr. Richard Sagall, who heads the city’s Board of Health, and council subcommittee Chairman Bob Whynott.

Gloucester is one of two Cape Ann communities exploring whether to discontinue community-wide fluoridation. Rockport voters will face a similar question on their town election ballots when the head to the polls on May 5.

The proposed Gloucester ballot question would basically ask residents if the City Council should urge Gloucester’s state lawmakers to file a Home Rule petition seeking “to opt out of fluoridation,” Whynott said.

Whynott pointed out that no state laws will be specified in the question, and that the Council is not bound by the referendum to file the petition.

“But if it passes and people want to opt out of fluoride, we will opt out,” he said.

Before the question can be put on the ballot, it must gain a majority vote by the full City Council.

Language matters

Council President Paul McGeary said the language of the question may be slightly altered to be in compliance with state law. If it gains council approval, it would be on the ballot this fall. McGeary said this will all happen without public input, but he does believe there will be some discussion among council members.

While Whynott and others noted that dropping community fluoridation would not make the water supply fluoride-free, members of the Cape Ann Fluoride Action Network would not be troubled by the presence of naturally-occurring fluoride.

Tracey Ritchie, Gloucester coordinator for CAFAN, said the group is “not interested” in removing this natural component from the water, noting that it “would cost millions of dollars.”

The naturally occurring fluoride, or calcium fluoride, is different from the added sodium fluoride, she said.

“It’s a different element,” Ritchie said.

Sagall said the added fluoride pumped into the system accounts for about half the total fluoride in the water.

Benefit concert

While CAFAN waits to see if the proposed question is added to the ballot, the network has planned concert/comedy show fundraiser at The Gloucester House to raise money for educational materials, according to Ritchie.

She said the event, featuring singer/songwriter Fly Amero, comic Paul D’Angelo and other local performers, begins at 7 p.m. on April 16 and the group is requesting a $10 donation to their efforts.

“We’re trying to educate people on fluoride,” Ritchie said. “A lot of people don’t know much about it.”

Dean Clifford – The beginning is here

Following on from spending sixteen months in jail, one of the most respected minds in the Truth and Freedom Movement, being Dean Clifford, joins CCN for a regular weekly broadcasts.

Dean is more fired up than ever to help bring the ultimate freedom to humanity with truthful and empowering information.

Dean Clifford’s show starts on Monday 30 March 2015 at 11pm GMT and runs weekly at the same time @ http://www.consciousconsumernetwork.tv/new-on-ccn-the-beginning-is-here-with-dean-clifford/

The post Dean Clifford – The beginning is here appeared first on Dean Clifford.

Don’t throw away your sprouted garlic; it’s a superfood

(NaturalNews) First, let’s clear the air on those “garlic is poisonous” rumors that a few hold, similar to the zealous “apple and apricot seeds are toxic” fear mongers.A little bit of knowledge is dangerous when it overlooks all the details of the complete picture. The disinformation…

WIRED Awake: 10 must-read articles for 1 April

Your WIRED.co.uk daily briefing. Today, Facebook ‘breaching EU law’, Amazon Dash isn’t a joke, America’s climate change plan and more.

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Project X Zone 2 mashes up more gaming heroes

Few things get gaming fans more excited than crossovers — how better to answer those eternal “who would win?” debates than in a medium that allows you to actually have rivals fight it out? 2013’s Project X Zone offered players just that chance, and two years after it became a cult hit on Nintendo’s 3DS, Bandai Namco has announced a sequel is on the way.

By: Matt Kamen,

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How the ‘Halo 5: Guardians’ ads are expanding the universe


The recently released Halo 5: Guardians trailers painted a bleak picture for the future of series’ hero Master Chief, pitched in battle with newcomer Jameson Locke. Directed by Rupert Sanders and filmed with conflicting narratives, the two minute-long clips teased very different approaches to the truth.

WIRED.co.uk speaks with Sanders and Frank O’Connor, Franchise Development Director at Halo developer 343 Industries, on the structure of the ads, the expansion of the Halo universe’s mythology, and building characters while catering to fan expectations.

By: Matt Kamen,

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Halo movie ‘too hard to make’ says veteran series director

Master Chief’s path to movie stardom may have hit a roadblock, with key figures in the Halo franchise casting doubt on the gaming franchise’s feature film potential.

Speaking with WIRED.co.uk on the creation of the Halo 5: Guardians trailers — look for the full Q+A soon — and whether he’d take a shot at a full length outing, director Rupert Sanders said “I think it’d be too hard to make a Halo movie. There are a lot of chefs in that kitchen.”

By: Matt Kamen,

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Concord to vote on fluoride ban

This is the second of three articles taking a look at some of the warrant articles to be considered at this year’s Town Meeting, scheduled to start Sunday, April 12, at 1 p.m. at Concord-Carlisle Regional High School.

Voters at Town Meeting will be asked to weigh in on a debate over fluoride in the town’s drinking water and whether Concord should take a piece of contaminated land that still requires millions of dollars in environmental cleanup costs.

Shelley Morss is the driving force behind Article 34, which calls for a ban on fluoride in Concord’s public drinking water. She cites numerous scientific studies that connect fluoride to dangerous health consequences — though other officials, including Concord’s health director, dispute those claims and say fluoride is safe.

Morss traces her interest in fluoride back to the 1950s, when she was focused on healthy nutrition for her children. She started questioning the motives of Dr. Frederick Stare, the founding chairman of the nutrition department at the Harvard School of Public Health, who said there was little connection between what Americans eat and their health.

Morss believes Stare was closely tied to sugar companies, and supported fluoride to protect those companies from a link between sugar and tooth decay.

“The humiliation suffered by those who disagreed with Dr. Stare was so long-lasting and pervasive that people who would otherwise be open-minded are still afraid to speak up,” Morss stated.

Morss also cites several publications in support of her effort. One is “The Lancet Neurology” that identified fluoride as a neurotoxin that could be connected to a rise in neurodevelopmental disabilities, including autism, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and dyslexia.

Another document, “Why EPA Headquarters Union of Scientists Opposes Fluoridation,” which represents the position of some EPA employees, said “opposition to drinking water fluoridation has grown, based on the scientific literature documenting the increasingly out-of-control exposures to fluoride, the lack of benefit to dental health from ingestion of fluoride and the hazards to human health from such ingestion. These hazards include acute toxic hazard, such as to people with impaired kidney function, as well as chronic toxic hazards of gene mutations, cancer, reproductive effects, neurotoxicity, bone pathology and dental fluorosis.”

Susan Rask, Concord’s public health director, disagrees with Morss’ position.

“There is every reason to believe that fluoride is safe and effective,” Rask said.

Rask points to several sources that support fluoride, including “Fluoridation Update 2014” by Dr. Myron Allukian, president of the Massachusetts Coalition for Oral Health.

Allukian’s report, which appeared in the Journal of the Massachusetts Dental Society, stated, “The public is being misled daily on the Internet. Anti-fluoridationists continue to mislead, misinform and scare with poorly done studies or misrepresented results of studies done by reputable individuals, organizations or institutions.”

“I’ve heard these same arguments (against fluoride) over and over again. It’s like the people who said the Earth was flat,” Allukian said. “It’s junk science, it’s ridiculous.”

As for concerns about Stare, Allukian said, “I knew Dr. Stare. He wasn’t even involved in the initial epidemiological studies that prove fluoride is safe and effective. He was not bought off by sugar and fast food.”

Allukian testified at Town Meeting in 1969 when Concord approved fluoride, and he cited statistics to support it -– more than 100 reputable health organizations and 3,000 studies say it’s safe and effective. Among them is the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which states, “The safety of fluoride in drinking water at levels recommended for preventing tooth decay has been affirmed by numerous scientific and professional groups. Scientists have found a lack of evidence to show an association between water fluoridation and a negative impact on people, plants or animals.”

Approximately 210 million Americans, representing 74 percent of the population, including 29 of the top 30 U.S. cities, have fluoride in their public drinking water, and 4 million people in 140 Massachusetts communities have fluoridated drinking water.

Morss hopes to remove Concord from the list of those 140. Even if her article is approved at Town Meeting, she still needs final approval from the ’s Board of Health, which leaves the door open for more debate. She said she’s in this fight for the long haul.

“It’s time to turn off the (fluoride) spigot,” she said.

2229 Main St.

Voters at the special Town Meeting Tuesday, April 14, will be asked to give selectmen permission to take 46 acres of contaminated land…

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Hacking the News

10France-web-superJumboAttackers took control of the French TV network “TV5 Monde” this week. Claiming allegiance to the Islamic terrorists known as ISIS, they blacked out 11 channels for several hours and displayed an ISIS banner on the station’s website. The French government has started a terrorism investigation. [1]

While this is not the first time that a broadcast has been interrupted by cyber attack, it is in my view the most serious disruption to date of a major media outlet. I have two key points for you.

First, let’s note that it could well have been much worse. The day a terrorist group takes control a major media outlet to broadcast realistic fake news reports cannot be far away. And to get a sense of the scale of that calamity, consider what one single tweet using stolen Associated Press credentials did to the S&P 500 stock index, for example, on the day of the so-called “Hash Crash”, April 23, 2013. (The Syrian Electronic Army managed to send a false tweet about a hoaxed explosion at the White House. I happened to be in the control room of the Nasdaq at that moment, and watched as Wall Street lost $136B in value in the next two minutes, before stocks recovered. [2])


Second, let’s consider carefully what TV5 Monde’s director, Yves Bigot, said about the attack. “It was an extremely powerful attack. It had to be, because our [systems] are very well protected.” [3]

No technical details are available yet about today’s attack, but I am inclined to believe him. And that’s the point. No private company –  and few if any nation states – can prevent a disruption of its critical operations indefinitely. So while good preventive measures remain very important, resilience should be the new watchword. Recover quickly, with assurance that there’s no malware left behind in your systems, and keep your customers informed. Then soldier on.

Buckle your seatbelts. It’s going to be a bumpy ride.

Sources and Resources
[1] Fox News, French television network hacked by group claiming ties to ISIS, http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/04/09/french-tv-network-hacked-by-group-claiming-ties-to-isis/?intcmp=latestnews
[2] Deutsche Welle, Twitter’s hash crash: social media and the financial markets, http://www.dw.de/twitters-hash-crash-social-media-and-the-financial-markets/a-16838715
[3] CNN, French TV Network hit by ‘powerful’ cyberattack, http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/08/europe/french-tv-network-cyberattack/


Mark Graff

Mark Graff is cyber security practitioner and thought leader for over 25 years, and is the Founder and CEO at Tellagraff, LLC.

Graff is a seasoned Chief Information Security Officer, having filled that role for NASDAQ for three years and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for nine. While at NASDAQ, Graff founded and chaired for the World Federation of Exchanges the first international organization of executives responsible for the cyber safety of the world’s stock exchanges. He was named Internet Security Executive of the Year for the Northeast United States in 2014.

Graff’s latest book, Enterprise Software Security: A Confluence of Disciplines (Addison-Wesley Software Security Series) explains how to work with software developers and security practitioners to produce integrated security solutions for business. His 2003 work, “Secure Coding: Principles and Practices”, has been used at dozens of universities around the world to teach how to design and build secure software-based systems.

Graff holds a B.S. in Computer Science from the University of Southern Mississippi. His base of operations is New York City.

The post Hacking the News appeared first on h+ Media.

Instagram: the forgotten battlefield of the 2015 General Election

“It is the digital election,” cried the commentators. And lo, the politicians did dump their placards and rush off to set up Facebook and Twitter accounts.

“This is how we will get them, the youth,” they said to each earnestly at campaign meetings. But they forgot something. They forgot that the internet is more than two social networks.

Instagram, for example, is now one of the world’s most influential social networks, with more than 200 million users around the world.

By: Katie Collins,

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Video: UFOs, Hyperreality, and the Disclosure Myth

Lecture delivered Oct., 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Topic: UFOs, Hyperreality, and the Disclosure Myth.

In my intro I mention that my Silver Screen Saucers book would be published in the early months of 2015. Please note that the new publication date is 21 September, 2015. Details here.

Sharia Policeman in Swedish School

Editor’s Note: Unfortunately this is not an April Fools story.
On monday morning emergency services were called to Eductus in BorÃ¥s, a school specialized in teaching Swedish to immigrants, after a Muslim student threatened classmates who did not abide by his strict interpretation of Islam. They were reprimanded for laughing and a Christian woman who refused to wear a veil fainted …


Hello, folks. The above is no “dump”. but I show it to prove that I’m finally [sort-of] resettled at the new big house, within which is my “monk’s cell” that you see. OK, the picture is not “proof”. It could be a hoax, faked, photoshopped, taken from a website, … hmmm… life is tough when talking to Forteans.

The “down-in-the-crypto-dumps” title comes from a feeble attempt by me to produce a blog entry. The “dumps” label refers to the state of certain of the still-loose information flying about over here. [In my defense, although 90% of the new house is well serviced by a geo-thermal system, diabolically my archives are not yet heated. Fortunately Mother Nature is adding just enough temperature degrees to make working in the space tolerable — thus finally this entry.]

Whereas ideally one would like information to look like this …

… or at least this ….

Some of what I have to deal with looks like this. Over the last several months, when no possibilities of respectable filing were available, I had to just toss stuff in “dump” boxes for later attention. You’re looking at one of them. The “Crypto-Dumps” came because I’d semi-sorted a thick pile of crypto-related whatevers as part of one box. Seeing that, I “brilliantly” thought: what if I just give the folks out there glimpses at what these things amounted to? Most of them crossed Ivan Sanderson’s eyes [though not all — this WAS a “dump”], and maybe they will be “entertaining” enough.

SO… with no pretense of anything deep/profound, here is a shallow excuse for a cryptozoological blog entry [real cryptozoologists need not waste their time on what they already know].

The portion of the crypto-dump I’ve picked to begin with [I’ll do some other pieces in subsequent entries] was the Lake and River Monster part. The table above thumbnails the twelve “pieces” of that category in the current pile. Remember that this stuff is raw and usually shallow.

Unlike most of the rest, I like this piece. It is an extract from the pictured book. It’s about old exploration into East Africa, and here and there drops mentions of things from the belief systems of the people encountered. Buried within was a mention of a somewhat-commonly believed concept of large serpentine river monsters. Unlike most of the brief notices to follow, I think that quoting this is very interesting, so….

“The imagination of the Basila has populated the rivers and hills and ponds and forests of their country with a great many monsters, which, without more proof of their existence than we have at present, we can only presume to be fabulous. 

 Chief among these is the nix, the great water monster, named Itoshi by the Nanzela people and called by the Basila simply mupuka or muzoka [reptile, great snake]. All rivers and lakes in Africa are probably thought to be inhabited by similar monsters. In the Victoria Nyanza there is Lukwata. The Batonga speak of the Maloa in the Zambesi and the Barotsi of the Lengongole. Mr. Worthington tells us that Lewanika informed him he once saw the latter when he was a young man. It was walking along the bank of the river. It had the body like a hippopotamus in size and the tail of an iguana, which swung from side to side as it walked. From Stow’s Natives of South Africa{pp. 131-2} we learn that the Bushmen painted animals that are not seen in these degenerate days. One of these described by an old Bushman woman was Kou-kign koo-rou [Master of the Water], of enormous size far larger and more formidable than the hippopotamus.  

 There was talk some years ago of an expedition to Central Africa to search for a dinosaurus whose existence was reported by the natives { note that this is being written pre-1920 } described as having the head of a crocodile, with rhinoceros horns, a python’s neck, the body of a hippo, and a crocodile’s tail, all of great size.”

The locals integrated these beliefs with their basic beliefs in other ways as well:

 “It is to this class of creature that Itoshi belongs. It has been described to us as big as a very large Ihunga thorn-tree, with the body of a crocodile, the head of a man, and the fins of a fish, and upwards of fifty feet in length. It is generally invisible to all but those who have the proper medicine; should it appear to others it means death. It seizes people and takes them into its burrow under the riverbed. When this happens, a person duly protected by medicine goes along the bank and sits there praying for the captive’s release, and maybe succeeds. Numerous adventures are related by people of their narrow escapes from these monsters.”

The people apparently believe that these Itoshi river monsters are immortals and that one might become one such oneself after death.

I’ll not go into the following things so much [not because I don’t want to but because the information is usually neither rich nor as fascinating.]

This is the second of the three things that particularly fascinated me in this pile, as it seems to picture a nearly identical river monster concept to the African Itoshi but in the cross-oceanic context of Native American Cherokee beliefs. You should be able to read this one yourselves. 

A cautionary tale of how hoaxes can occur at any age — and in this case a conspiracy of dishonesty.

Another one … Joe Zarzynski’s glossies of the Lake George pseudo-monster [that he sent the SITU editors to illustrate his article]. 

This is Ivan’s photocopy of the New York Times clipping speaking of the possible Patagonian Plesiosaur. This is all that there was here, but the story is one of those “romances” that I would have liked to have been true. So, I’m including just a little more of that romance below.

The North American gringo-gunslinger who claimed to have seen the plesiosaur.

The Patagonian lake, and more or less the location, from which he saw it.

Dr. Clemente Onelli, the director of Buenos Aires’ zoological park [and a good teacher and biologist], to whom the “Norte Americano” sent his report, and was convinced that an expedition was legitimate.

The good doctor with one of his inmates. This zoo was one of the best, particularly for kids.

The good doctor literally acting-the-part when visiting an interior tribal people and participating in a ceremony. It takes a high-on-life fellow to go hunting for a plesiosaur. 
Plesiosaur fun at the lake post-expedition [Onelli not involved in this “drama”]. 

Onelli takes some lumps when no plesiosaur is found.

The smirkers and debunkers are unkind to the honest explorers at all times. Oh well, “onward”….

A big black back is enough to fire up the Arkansas locals.

Loch Ness-like lake? Loch Ness-like monster?

Sort of fun, and not having crypto as my major focus, new to me. Shouldn’t make jokes, but Idaho Falls was the HQ of Admiral Rickover’s Navy Nuclear Sub operations … did the Old Boy have a private little nuke that he liked to ride around under the lake in? JUST KIDDING!!!

… seems like someone was trying to tell me that this was explained … sturgeons? goofiness? whatever?


I guess “monsters” are supposed to be ugly. I however remember a StarTrek episode wherein a crystalline intelligence described us as “ugly bags of mostly water.”

Eye of the Beholder??

Zarzynski and the glory years of 1981-1982.

The recent Loch Ness hoax … pretty picture though.

Mini-monsters? The scientist quoted was having a hard time — complaining to his friends that his work was getting improper publicity — hah! Been there. I was “honored” with being quoted in the Weekly World News a couple of times myself. Some goofy couple from Kentucky, sitting in a breakfast shop decided to call me at 7am to “check out the story” [they had a bet on whether it was true]. Don’t know who won. I lost [sleep].

Were the mini-monsters the albino newt equivalents of these Mexican Axolotls? [never made THAT sentence before]. I just thank God that these things aren’t bigger — but I guess the Hollywood version is on the way.

Though I respect his intellect, I agree with almost nothing that George Will says politically … but this little reflection on open-mindedness, courage, and belief is worth reading.

…. exhausted I suppose, all of us, so I’ll close this. Hopefully I’ll be able to scrounge together something on Sea Monsters out of the Dump Pile in a few days.

Till then, Happy, Holy Easter.

Iceland Stuns Banks: Plans To Take Back The Power To Create Money

Icelandic government suggests removing the power of commercial banks to create money and handing it to the central bank

Iceland’s government is considering a revolutionary monetary proposal – removing the power of commercial banks to create money and handing it to the central bank.

The proposal, which would be a turnaround in the history of modern finance, was part of a report …

Global nuclear industry experiencing a "renaissance" as radioactive waste fills the Pacific Ocean

(NaturalNews) Even as radioactive waste from the Fukushima nuclear disaster continues to pour into the Pacific Ocean, the world’s nuclear industry is undergoing a different kind of explosion.”Right now, the nuclear renaissance is happening, and it’s happening in East Asia,” said…

One on one with Sen. Lisa Murkowski

I had the pleasure of sitting down with Alaska‘s U.S. Sen. Lisa Murkowski at the Silvertip Grill in Girdwood on March 21. We talked about my old bacterial infection, my mother passing away, and then we got into the issues that affect the everyday person. I started by approaching her about fluoride being purchased from Chinese corporations and the lack of U.S. government oversight.

“Are you telling me that the EPA and the FDA don’t inspect fluoride from China?” Murkowski said, a bit stunned. “That’s not right. We can’t even bring in prescription drugs from Canada into the United States. Why aren’t we buying fluoride from U.S. companies?”

I explained that many U.S. companies, which used to provide fluoride went out of business long ago because municipalities want the lowest bid and no one can beat Chinese prices. Frankly, I was surprised that she didn’t have more information on the situation. Water is a natural resource, she chairs the Energy and Natural Resources Committee for the U.S. Senate, lives in Girdwood, and there’s been a lot of information regarding re-fluoridating the water there.

“My committee is meeting with the Director of the EPA, and I will be asking why fluoride from China is not being tested by the EPA or the FDA. That’s unacceptable. No chemical should be coming into our country that is going to be put into our water, without some U.S. agency testing it.”…

Read the full article

Ukraine to ban Communist and Nazi Ideology & Symbolism

Last Friday – Good Friday to those that follow the Gregorian Calendar – saw the Soviet symbolism adorning the gates the Ukrainian parliament removed, being replaced by the national Tryzub emblem. About time, considering the Soviet Union collapsed more than two decades ago.

This symbolic act being a sign of things (that seem very likely) to come – and come …

Rolling Stone Article on Rape at University of Virginia Failed All Basics, Report Says

Rolling Stone magazine retracted its article about a brutal gang rape at a University of Virginia fraternity after the release of a report on Sunday that concluded the widely discredited piece was the result of failures at every stage of the process.

The report, published by the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism and commissioned by Rolling Stone, said the magazine failed …

Share this viral cartoon: The Liberal Media’s ‘Wheel of Intolerance’ exposes outrageous bigotry of the left

(NaturalNews) The liberal media, which once demanded “tolerance” for gays and members of the LGBT community, has now become militantly intolerant of all the other beliefs it doesn’t like.Christian-bashing now seems to be daily sport for the media. It’s also politically acceptable…

ISSPresso will finally bring decent coffee to space

Today’s delivery to the International Space Station will include a vital new package — decent coffee. The ISSPresso will become the first espresso machine in space and allow astronauts in near-Earth orbit to get a crucial caffeine kick.


By: James Temperton,

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Playtonic Games turns to Kickstarter to boost Project Ukelele

Since Playtonic revealed its existence back in February, players have been eagerly anticipating what the studio — created by former members of GoldenEye and Banjo-Kazooie developer Rare — would be offering with its first title, codenamed Project Ukelele.

While there’s still little news on the game itself, Playtonic has now announced it will be launching a Kickstarter campaign for it, set to go live on 1 May. The crowdfunding push is intended to allow the team to expand on their original plans, rather than finance the core game, which is being independently funded.

By: Matt Kamen,

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This Lego Titanic could be one of the biggest kits ever


Get some Celine Dion on your playlist and prepare to re-enact a few overwrought death scenes — a ridiculously detailed Lego recreation of the RMS Titanic has successfully gained enough support on Lego Ideas to be considered for production.

One of the biggest and most ambitious projects ever to hit the Ideas platform, which sees users submit their own kit concepts for voter approval, the Titanic is the work of designer Ssorg. It’s his second success too, following his Douglas DC-3 model in March.

By: Matt Kamen,

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Can Nourishing Herbal Infusions Replace Your Daily Multivitamin?

Originally published 3/11/2015 on Mother Earth News Blog http://www.motherearthnews.com/herbal-remedies/herbal-infusions-replace-your-daily-multivitamin-zbcz1503.aspx           As is the arc of many folk herbalists, one of the first revelatory herbal preparations I was introduced to was the nourishing herbal infusion. These herbal drinks are made with “weeds” such as nettle, red clover, oatstraw, red raspberry leaf, chickweed, …Continue Reading Here

The post Can Nourishing Herbal Infusions Replace Your Daily Multivitamin? appeared first on Galactic Connection.

Lawmaker’s fluoridation bill advances in Missouri House

A local state representative is using her knowledge in the dental health field to promote a bill regarding the fluoridation of water.

Rep. Donna Lichtenegger, R-Jackson, is the sponsor of the fluoridation notification bill, which recently was approved by the House and taken up in the Senate.

The bill requires public water systems and water supply districts to notify the Department of Health and Senior Services, Department of Natural Resources and customers at least 90 days in advance of any meeting where a vote to modify the fluoridation of water in the system will take place.

The measure is identical to one Lichtenegger sponsored last year. It was voted out of committee in the Senate, but Lichtenegger said it was “caught in the last-minute rush” and didn’t receive the final readings necessary for final approval.

The representative, who has nearly 40 years of experience as a dental hygienist, said she expects this year’s bill to advance without many problems because “it’s pretty nonconfrontational.” It was passed out of the House, receiving just a single “no” vote.

In addition to her interest in dental health, Lichtenegger said she chose to sponsor the bill to allow more public input when it comes to changes in fluoridation.

“People should at least have the right to testify for or against,” she said.

Through her work in the dental field, she said she’s seen what a difference fluoride — or lack thereof — can make in a person’s health.

“There are some people who don’t like fluoride, and then we have people who take it out of the water system because they see it as a cost,” Lichtenegger said. “The problem is that when you do that, then the cost is really big, especially for children, but for some adults, too, with periodontal disease, because you really need the fluoride for certain dental diseases.”

She’s worked with dentists who would see children from areas where fluoride was removed from the water come in with cavities when they previously were cavity-free. Lichtenegger said people also deserve to know about changes in fluoride levels because too much fluoride can be a problem, too. Some studies have suggested a fluoridation level that is too high can lower children’s IQs.

Sen. Wayne Wallingford, R-Cape Girardeau, will carry the bill on the Senate floor. No hearing had been scheduled as of Tuesday. The measure is House Bill 119.

Vinyl is now back in the charts with its very own UK Top 40

In our age of iTunes, digital downloads and on-demand streaming, the idea of giving vinyl records a spin might seem like a quaint throwback to a distant musical past. However, analogue music is alive and well in the year 2015.

The UK’s Official Charts Company has announced the first ever Official Vinyl Charts, counting down the best-selling albums and 7-inch and 12-inch singles in Britain. The launch of the vinyl-specific charts underscores the growing popularity of vinyl, which is undergoing something of a 21st century renaissance.

By: Daniel Culpan,

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Halfbike II is a pedal-powered Segway hybrid


An innovative stand-up bike has already raised double its $50,000 (£34,000) fundraising target on Kickstarter. The Halfbike II has three wheels — one large and two small — and doesn’t have a seat. At the time of writing, the project has raised over $112,000 (£76,000) with 22 days of fundraising to go.

By: James Temperton,

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Well preserved 5,500 year-old hafted flint axe found in Denmark

Following the recent discoveries of a flint knife with wooden hilt still intact and a series of footprints in the soft mud, an approx. 5,500-year-old flint axe has also emerged from the ground. Complete with its wooden haft, the axe, along with other well preserved artefacts, sheds light on ritual acts of the time.

As part of the archaeological survey ahead …

5 Key Questions That Were Not Asked During Trial of ‘Boston Bomber’ Dzhokhar

Jurors in the trial of 21 year old Dzhokhar Tsarnaev are hoping to return a verdict on Wednesday, following weeks of testimony in the Boston Marathon bombing trial.

Tsarnaev faces either life in prison or the death penalty.

Here are five stunning questions that were not asked during this historic trial in Massachusetts…

5. Was older brother Tamerlan working as an informant for…

UAP Article for the Newsletter of the Astrosociology Research Institute

My article for the March 2015 issue of the Astrosociological Insights Newsletter which focused on Astrobiology. Online (page 21) at: http://www.astrosociology.org/Library/PDF/Newsletters/ARI-Newsletter_Vol-4_Iss-1_04-2015.pdf   Picture below: Alleged UFO landing trace, Delphos ring soil, Kansas, 1971 Courtesy: MUFON

Editorial: Water fluoridation / N.J. towns should join Egg Harbor City

Egg Harbor City Council has voted to continue adding recommended amounts of healthful fluoride to their water system. We commend them for what in New Jersey is apparently an act of courage or superior understanding.

… The CDC says 74 percent of Americans get the benefit of fluoride in their water.

None of those Americans lives in Cape May County or Ocean County, the New Jersey Dental Association says. None live in Cumberland County, except for some well water users in Stow Creek whose naturally occurring fluoride provides the same level of protection…

Read full editorial


Where Are the Anti-War Democrats on Iran?

Many in Congress want the chance to kill the Iran deal. President Obama doesn’t want to give them that opportunity. I’m torn.

Like many liberals, I think America is generally better off when Congress has more oversight over foreign policy. It’s no coincidence that the greatest foreign policy disaster of the twentieth century, Vietnam, occurred near the height of what Arthur …

‘Industrial scale’ spying lands UK in Europe’s highest court

A group of humans rights organisations have announced that they will be taking the British government to the European Court of Human Right over its indiscriminate mass surveillance of communications.

Amnesty International, Liberty, Privacy International and Bytes for All, along with several other partners will pursue the case based on documents provided by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden about the mass-scale spying programmes used by the UK and US known as Prism and Tempora. They believe the programmes contravene British citizens’ rights to privacy and freedom of expression, as enshrined in Articles 8 and 10 in the European Convention of Human Rights.


By: Katie Collins,

Continue reading…

Bilderberg 2015 Dates Confirmed

Amid rumors and various online reports that typically fail to quote specific sources directly, police in western Austria have directly confirmed for AFP that Bilderberg 2015 will indeed take place at the Interalpen Hotel near Innsbruck in the Tyrol region, Thursday through Sunday, June 11-14.

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‘Ukrainian artillery shell strikes Donetsk hospital’

‘A Ukrainian artillery shell has reportedly struck a hospital in east Ukraine’s Donetsk region in violation of a recent truce, according to the defense authorities of the region.

“The Ukrainian shell hit directly the surgery department of Hospital No. 21 located in 12a Kremlyovskaya Avenue,” read a Sunday statement by the Defense Ministry of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) as cited in a report by Russian Tass news agency.

The statement said the Ukrainian army forces were engaged in shelling the positions of pro-Russia forces in Donetsk and were attempting to breach the pro-Russians’ defenses.’

Read more: ‘Ukrainian artillery shell strikes Donetsk hospital’

Planetary Ascension Update: Enlightened Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence – 2016

www.eceti.org by James Gilliland Due to the demands of the ranch and much needed upgrades and repairs I have been away from the computer. Please be patient we are doing all we can to catch up. Until then here is a short newsletter. Many are feeling the intense energies coming in as of late. Few …Continue Reading Here

The post Planetary Ascension Update: Enlightened Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence – 2016 appeared first on Galactic Connection.

Concord Town Meeting turns down attempt to ban fluoride

Debate over two warrant articles dominated the first day of Town Meeting at Concord-Carlisle Regional High School.

 Sunday, voters rejected both Article 10, a measure that would set in motion a process for recalling elected town officials, and Article 34, a move to ban fluoride in Concord’s public drinking water.

 “I’m disappointed,” resident Lee Ann Kay said after Article 10 was defeated.

 Kay presented Article 10, a citizen petition that would instruct selectmen to submit a bill to state lawmakers to give Concord voters the power to recall elected officials.

She said 150 Massachusetts communities have passed measures to recall elected officials, adding that Concord’s charter does not include a remedy for remove officials who abuse power or can’t finish their term because of impaired health.

“We have a history of town officials who intentionally lied to Town Meeting and to the people of Concord for political purposes,” Kay said. “One of the most documented deceptions was the town put out a handout at [a previous] Town Meeting claiming that the EPA approves of children drinking water contaminated with up to 60 parts per billion of lead. Two weeks before Town Meeting, the EPA told them not make that false claim, but they did it anyway to justify elevated lead in Concord Public School drinking water.”

 “I don’t agree,” Town Manger Chris Whalen in response to Kay’s charge. “….town officials made a good faith effort to comply with the vote of Town Meeting and to keep the kids safe.”

 Before the Article 10 vote, one resident said Kay should provide evidence to support the lying accusation, while another said the article provides “remedies for violations of public trust.”

 Resident Hugh Lauer pointed out that Concord’s elected officials are volunteers who aren’t paid and work under voluntary term limits.

 “There’s no [elected] body that is entrenched,” Lauer said. “It’s easier to wait someone out than it is to try to dislodge them.”

 Proposed fluoride ban

Article 34, which called for a ban on fluoride in Concord’s public drinking water, was defeated by an overwhelming majority after Shelley Morss, the article’s presenter, said a study by The Lancet classified fluoride as a dangerous neurotoxin.

 Dr. Myron Allukian, president of the Massachusetts Coalition for Oral Health, testified in favor of fluoride. He also testified when Concord voters approved it in 1969.

 “If it’s not broke, don’t fix it,” Allukian said. “There are hundreds of studies that show fluoride is safe and effective.”

Dr. Sandra Meyerson, a Concord pediatric dentist, said she has seen thousands of children in her career and noticed that Concord children have healthier teeth compared to Maynard, Stow and Littleton, that don’t have fluoridated water. “If you take away fluoride,” Meyerson said, “you will have fluoride supplements, which are costly and not as safe.”

When asked if her fight to ban fluoride is over, Morss said, “I have to figure out how to continue on. I will do everything I can to get it before the public, but obviously that wasn’t a great talent, I didn’t succeed [today].”

‘Mansionization’ article withdrawn

One article that generated a lively discussion at a hearing last month never made it to the Town Meeting floor.

 Article 18, which supporters said would limit “mansionization” in Concord,  was withdrawn. A one-page announcement said “after considerable discussion and deliberation, Concord’s Planning Board has decided the exact language of Article 18 needs to be refined, and therefore will NOT move it this year.”

 “Mansionization” refers to building large houses on small lots, which some residents say detracts from the town’s character.

 Sunday’s announcement indicated the board will hire a planning intern this summer to research and report on effects in other municipalities to restrict the size of new or expanded single-family homes, and possibly bring a revised article to Town Meeting next year.

 Moderator Eric Van Loon said 307 registered voters attended Town Meeting on Sunday.

It continues Monday and Tuesday, 7 p.m. at CCHS.

Articles 21-29, including the town and public school budgets, will be decided Monday.

Tuesday’s Special Town Meeting includes votes on selectmen taking land owned by the chemical company W.R. Grace by eminent domain, banning artificial turf on all public land in Concord, and preservation money for a field’s renovation project at CCHS.

Scientist Discover New Lizard Species: Dwarf Dragons

Scientists have discovered three new species of dragon-like lizards in the Andes, South America. The newly discovered species of wood-lizards are called Enyalioides anisolepis, Enyalioides sophiarothschildae and Enyalioides altotambo. The region in which the lizards were discovered was described as being an epicenter of biodiversity by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, a conservation…

How the GOP Became the Israel Party

When the unexpectedly detailed P5+1 framework agreement with Iran was announced last Thursday, Illinois Republican Mark Kirk made a bizarre comment. “We all know” said the senator, that this is going to end with “a mushroom cloud somewhere near Tehran”—a result of Israel having to go to war to “clean up the mess” made by American and European negotiators. A …

Facebook will now track users’ finances in addition to social contacts, employment, health status, political affiliation

(NaturalNews) In its bid to become the provider – and tracker – of all things to all humans, Facebook has announced that it is entering the peer-to-peer money transferal market.The initiative is meant to rival PayPay, and it revolves around Facebook’s Messenger app. According…

Radio 3Fourteen Censored by Apple’s iTunes

Apple is on the dark slippery slope of censorship. The bigger and more powerful Apple, and other corporations become, the more power they will have to shape public opinion, depending on what they deem acceptable. Now days, since someone is always “offended,” reporting at the click of a button, where does Apple draw the line between what subject matters are …

Making the Invisible Visible

ImageJ=1.38x unit=micron min=87.0 max=4095.0

When you look up at the blue sky, where are the stars that you see at night? They’re there but we can’t see them. A firefly flitting across a field is invisible to us during the day, but at night we can easily spot its flashes. Similarly, proteins, viruses, parasites and bacteria inside living cells can’t be seen by the naked eye under normal conditions. But a technique using a fluorescent protein can light up cells’ molecular machinations like a microscopic flashlight.

The crystal jellyfish has about 300 photo organs on the bottom edge of the jellyfish’s umbrella.Courtesy Steven Haddock – http://biolum.eemb.ucsb.edu, Author provided

The first fluorescent protein found in nature comes from the crystal jellyfish, Aequorea victoria, where it is responsible for the green light emitted by its photo organs. It’s called green fluorescent protein (GFP). We don’t know why these jellyfish have this lit-up feature.

Fluorescent proteins absorb light with short wavelengths, such as blue light, and immediately return it with a different color light that has a longer wavelength, such as green. In Aequorea victoria, a protein named aequorin produces blue light which GFP converts into the green light emitted by the jellyfish’s photo organs. This visibility under standard conditions is extremely rare; most other organisms have fluorescent proteins that are only visible if they are illuminated by external blue light sources.

Close up of a few of the photo organs. Courtesy Steven Haddock – http://biolum.eemb.ucsb.edu, Author provided

After the green fluorescent jellyfish protein, many other fluorescent proteins have been both found in nature and created in the lab. We now have a spectrum of fluorescent colors available to us that make previously invisible biological structures and processes visible in blazing fluorescent glory. Many new applications reliant on these colors are being published on a regular basis.

Petri dish with bacterial colonies expressing differently colored fluorescent proteins. These fluorescent proteins developed by Roger Tsien’s group are called the mFruits and have names like mHoneydew, mTomato, mCherry, mRaspberry, and mPlum. Paul Steinbach and Roger Y. Tsien, University of California, San Diego, CC BY-SA

Shining a light on imaging

Fluorescent protein technology has led to many other interesting developments designed to improve imaging with these glowing molecules.

CaMPARI is one new technique, short for calcium-modulated photoactivatable ratiometric integrator. By exploiting the fact that calcium concentrations change when nerve cells send signals, CaMPARI is able to light up all the neurons that have fired in a living organism. The technique is based on a fluorescent protein called EOS, which changes its fluorescence from green to red. In fruit flies, zebrafish and mice, CaMPARI-genetically-modified neurons fluoresce red if they are active and green if they are less active.

CaMPARI fluorescence in a larval zebrafish brain showing active neurons (magenta) that were marked while the fish was swimming freely. Looger Lab (HHMI/Janelia), Science, VOL 347, ISSUE 6223.

Before CaMPARI, all the fluorescent calcium indicators available temporarily lit up when the neuron fired. They couldn’t record the firing history of neurons or indicate whether a neuron had fired in the past. According to Loren Looger, one of the researchers who worked on the development of CaMPARI, “The most enabling thing about this technology may be that you don’t have to have your organism under a microscope during your experiment. So we can now visualize neural activity in fly larvae crawling on a plate or fish swimming in a dish.”

The CLARITY technique removes opaque parts and makes the whole brain transparent.

Expanding and transparent brains

Even with the help of light emitted by fluorescent proteins, it’s difficult to image neurons tangled deep within the brain. Ed Boyden, a neuroscientist from MIT, has created a method to expand brains to make fluorescent neurons deep within the brain more visible. He uses acrylate, which forms a dense mesh to hold the brain in place and expand in the presence of water thereby inflating the brain equally by about 4.5 times in each direction. It’s a lot like a diaper expanding when it gets wet. Boyden thinks that this “expansion microscopy may provide a key tool for comprehensive, precise, circuit-wide, brain mapping.”

Intact adult mouse brain before and after the CLARITY process. The Deisseroth Lab

One of the reasons expansion microscopy is so useful is that the brain can be made see-through before it is blown up several sizes larger. In 2013 Karl Deisseroth and Viviana Gradinaru at Stanford published a method called CLARITY that removes opaque molecules such as fats and makes the brain transparent without changing its shape. According to Thomas Insel, director of the US National Institute of Mental Health, “This is probably one of the most important advances for doing neuroanatomy in decades.” Since developing CLARITY for brains, Gradinaru has extended the method to all other organs including an entire mouse.

Both of these methods can be applied to brains that have been genetically modified with fluorescent proteins, therefore allowing for the visualization of neurons deep within the brain.

Mouse neurons labeled by GFPs. Wellcome Images, CC BY-NC-ND

In 2008, the three scientists responsible for taking GFP from the jellyfish and making it a common tool used in over a million experiments all over the world were awarded the 100th Nobel Prize in chemistry. And in 2014 three other scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize for using fluorescent protein to increase the resolution of light microscopes.

E. coli with GFPs glowing in their petri dishes. Carlos de Paz, CC BY-NC-SA

Revolutionary and resilient

I’ve been researching the photochemistry and photophysics of fluorescent proteins since they were first used in imaging technology in 1994, I’ve written two books on them, and still I’m stunned by the many different ways in which this fairly simple protein can be used. Perhaps I shouldn’t be surprised that plasmid DNA molecules coding for GFP have survived space flight – not inside the rocket, but on the outside where they were exposed to 1800F (1000C) temperatures and mad friction. 53% of the DNA intentionally placed inside the screw heads in the TEXUS-49 rocket mission expressed fully fluorescent GFPwhen inserted into cells upon return to earth.

Like stars at night, fluorescent proteins have been lighting up science for the last 20 years. And it won’t be long before they’re guiding surgeons to tumorous growths during surgery and allowing researchers to switch on and off selected biomolecular processes.


Marc Zimmer teaches general chemistry, a first year seminar about bioluminescence and environmental chemistry. He has tried to make these courses relevant and interesting by introducing the most recent developments in general, medicinal and environmental chemistry in his classes.

Zimmer’s book, Illuminating Disease: An Introduction to Green Fluorescent Proteins (Oxford University Press, 2015) uses fluorescent proteins as a thread to discuss modern diseases.

His research group is mainly interested in the structural and photophysical properties of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), a protein found in jellyfish that has found numerous uses as a marker in medicine, cell biology and molecular biology. This work is funded by the National Institute of Health and the Research Corporation. In 2008 he attended the Nobel Prize ceremony, the year that the chemistry award was presented to three scientists for their GFP research.

This article originally appeared here, republished under creative commons license.

The post Making the Invisible Visible appeared first on h+ Media.

Attractor Patterns and Attractor Tokens

Opening the Door….

But is it Art?

What makes a pattern aesthetically pleasing?

Aesthetically pleasing patterns evolve from a process of natural selection.  The same process which is at work in various forms of genetic algorithms whether human based genetic algorithms (HBGAs) or interactive genetic algorithm (IGAs) the aesthetic quality is determined by the selector which in these examples must be human.

Measuring pattern attractiveness

An obvious way to measure the attractiveness of various different candidate patterns is to use the process of selection. For example in a market based approach to selection the patterns could be products designs. How do we determine whether or not the product is successful or a failure? By the popularity of the product, and how often it is used.

  1. Example: If the product pattern is a game then you could track how often the game is played to determine how attractive the game is.
  2. Example: If the product pattern is a song then you could track how often the song is listened to in order to determine how attractive it is.
  3. Example: If the product pattern is a website then you can see how often the website is visited and for how long visitors stay in order to determine how attractive it is.

Attractor patterns are sticky

In order for an attractor to be sticky a person has to not want to stop paying attention to itself, not want to get rid of it, because it encourages psychological attachment to it.  For example the habit of checking email or Facebook are examples because both produce patterns that are sticky.

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Measuring stickiness of a pattern

A pattern is sticky if people continue to pay attention to a particular pattern as a habit. This could be because the pattern fulfils some psychological need or it could be because the pattern meets a critical utility.

A token is only effective as an attractor if a lot of people want it. A lot of people will only want it if it’s exchangeable for something a lot of people want. If it’s exchangeable for something that a lot of people want a whole lot of, then it’s going to be extremely effective as an attractor token but it is still just only an attractor token.


The purpose of attractor tokens is to stimulate stigmergy

The purpose of attractor tokens is to attract the swarm of attention. These attractor tokens and attractor patterns in general facilitate the process of stigmergy. Stigmergy is what actually coordinates and directs the swarm allowing for swarm intelligence to emerge.

What are incentive design patterns?

An incentive design pattern is a configuration of attractors which indirectly or directly induce the desired behaviors. Unlike attractor patterns which attract human attention these incentive patterns can communicate signals which may indirectly motivate and coordinate the behavior of human agents but also for non-human agents in a multi-agent system. Stigmergic optimization is possible in these multi-agent systems through these incentive design patterns.

A quote from Wash and MacKie-Mason:

Humans are “smart components” in a system, but cannot be directly programmed to perform; rather, their auton-omy must be respected as a design constraint and incen-tives provided to induce desired behavior. Sometimes these incentives are properly aligned, and the humans don’t represent a vulnerability. But often, a misalignment of incentives causes a weakness in the system that can be exploited by clever attackers. Incentive-centered design tools help us understand these problems, and provide de-sign principles to alleviate them.

As an example while the attractor token might be a cryptocurrency the incentive design pattern the autonomous agent and human alike both can be incentivised by the configuration of incentives.

What is stigmergy?

Stigmergy is a process of coordination which is used by bees, ants, termites and even human beings. Ants use pheromones to lay a trace which is a sort of breadcrumb trail for other ants to follow to reach food for instance.

Humans can also utilize stigmergy in similar ways. Human beings can use virtual pheromones to lay a digital trace for the rest of the swarm. These virtual pheromones just like with the ants act as a breadcrumb trail. These virtual pheromones are the like attractors.

What is stigmergic optimization?

Stigmergic optimization is how ants find the best route to food by using pheromones to leave traces for all their peers.  At first the trace patterns appear random because the ants try all different routes to reach their goal. Optimization takes place as the most efficient path is found and the pheromone traces allow the ant swarm to learn.

In the context of a multi-agent system the agents focused on acquiring attractor tokens at first would not know the best path to take. All paths would be tried in the beginning as agents follow the trail of attractors tokens to the destination. Over time the most efficient path to the destination would be found by and an order would emerge as a result of stigmergic optimization allowing the swarm to solve complex problems.


Chang, J. F., & Shi, P. (2011). Using investment satisfaction capability index based particle swarm optimization to construct a stock portfolio. Information Sciences, 181(14), 2989-2999.

Miller, P. (2007). Swarm theory. National Geographic, 212(1), 1-17.

Deterding, S., Sicart, M., Nacke, L., O’Hara, K., & Dixon, D. (2011, May). Gamification. using game-design elements in non-gaming contexts. In CHI’11 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 2425-2428). ACM.
Dipple, A. C. (2015). Collaboration in Web N. 0: Stigmergy and virtual pheromones.
Heylighen, F. (2015). Stigmergy as a Universal Coordination Mechanism: components, varieties and applications. Human Stigmergy: Theoretical Developments and New Applications. Springer. Retrieved from http://pespmc1. vub. ac. be/papers/stigmergy-varieties. pdf.
Obreiter, P., & Nimis, J. (2005). A taxonomy of incentive patterns (pp. 89-100). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Wash, R., & MacKie-Mason, J. K. (2006, July). Incentive-Centered Design for Information Security. In HotSec.


Exploring the the Darkside of Artificial Intelligence: thoughts, ideas, rants, and research from darklight

“you think darkness is your ally. But you merely adopted the dark; I was born in it, moulded by it.”


The post Attractor Patterns and Attractor Tokens appeared first on h+ Media.

The Original Roswell Slides will not be In Mexico City

Well, there is a new development in the saga of the Roswell Slides announced over at the UFO Conjectures blog. It seems that the originals will not put in an appearance in Mexico City. Instead, those who shell out their cash, and any media who show up, will be treated to copies. I’m sure that they’ll be high quality copies, much better than the screen grabs that we’ve been saddled with for the last several weeks but they will still be copies.
But here’s the thing. Without the originals, there will be no real way to prove that the slide film was manufactured in 1947, there will be no way to be sure that something hasn’t been manipulated, and it won’t advance our knowledge all that much, though we will have been given a good look at the image. But one of the critical factors is the date of the film stock from which the slides were taken and you can have as much documentation as you want, but the question will remain, is that documentation accurate. The real thing needs to be seen.
Yes, I get that if these are slides of a real, live, well dead, alien creature, their value will be enormous. Yes, I get that you might not want to take them on a trip out of the country, or out of the vault in which they should be held. But then, there are problems… as just a single example, the date of manufacture coding doesn’t appear on all the slides from a single roll, and it would be lucky that the one slide that was removed from its cardboard sleeve had that coding on it… not to mention that other coding, if visible, would provide the point of manufacture. I suppose a photograph of the slide’s coding would help, but then we’re removed from the original and that is always problematic.
Of course there will be other documentation presented, but given the nature of the slides, it will need to be quite persuasive… and copies of the slides just might not be enough. I remember in Roswell in 1997 that we were promised a great deal about a bit of metallic debris that was said to have been picked up by a soldier in 1947. We were told that the documentation would be available and that the chain of custody had been preserved. Unfortunately the documentation was flawed, the name of the soldier was not available and the chemical analysis, while exciting, was flawed. We’re not even close to that here.
Now we’re told that the real slides will be unavailable. We’re going to have a picture of a picture and that provides for a great deal of deception in the presentation. That doesn’t mean there will be deception, I merely point out that it opens the door… and I will point out that those who have engaged in the evaluation of the slides do have a rooting interest in their authenticity. In other words, much of the analysis and work has not been by disinterested third parties.
This also tells us that contrary to what he has said, Adam Dew is not the owner of the slides… unless of course if he doesn’t show up in Mexico City. That seems unlikely because he needs to be there to complete his documentary. So, we don’t know who owns the slides now other than it apparently isn’t any of those who will be at the big presentation.
And, apropos of nothing at all, I note that the Alien Autopsy footage was equally difficult to see in its original state. Frames with the alien on them were promised for proper testing, but somehow that never happened. Now we learn that the original slides will not be available for independent examination.
Anyway, the point is this. The real evidence will not be presented in Mexico City and the mysterious owner of the slides, who does not live in Arizona (as some have suggested), will not be present with the slides. Say what you will, but this simply does not bode well. It is one more disappointed in a series of disappointments and I do not see a way to recover outside an independent analysis of the slides which doesn’t seem to be in the offing any time soon.

Who is Anti-Science – Free, Critical Thinkers or National Geographic?

If you’re a free or critical thinker who questions water fluoridation, manmade climate change, evolution, the moon landing, vaccines or GMOs, National Geographic calls you anti-science and engaged in a war on science.

National Geographic now has a long list of people who it labels anti-science or to be exact who it deems are engaging in a war on science by …

Medical Choice Under Attack, California Mandatory Vaccines Set Stage

By Jefferey Jaxen http://www.collective-evolution.com/2015/04/13/medical-choice-under-attack-california-mandatory-vaccines-set-stage/ As the parents and concerned citizens rallied in Sacramento to oppose Senate Bill 277, the Senate Health Committee advanced the bill with a 6 to 2 vote. In what the Sergeant at Arms described as “the biggest turnout [he’d] seen in 15 years,” the signed bill now faces further challenges on …Continue Reading Here

The post Medical Choice Under Attack, California Mandatory Vaccines Set Stage appeared first on Galactic Connection.

Interview 1023 – New World Next Week with James Evan Pilato

This week on the New World Next Week: No, Russia did not just hack the White House; Yes, the UK did just pass a law allowing them to dump nuclear waste in Brits back yards; and Creative Commons promotes open business models in the peer-to-peer economy.

Edward Snowden reveals the secret to a good password

John Oliver’s sit-down with NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden could have just been a series of easy laughs. Instead it’s proven to be one of the most straightforwardly incisive interviews with the notorious leaker in months. It has also been great business for HBO, driving millions of views on YouTube, and presumably a sizeable bump for the show’s new on-demand viewership.

By: Michael Rundle,

Continue reading…

Facebook accused of tracking all users even if they delete accounts, ask never to be followed

A new report claims that Facebook secretly installs tracking cookies on users’ computers, allowing them to follow users around the internet even after they’ve left the website, deleted their account and requested to be no longer followed.

Academic researchers said that the report showed that the company was breaking European law with its tracking policies. The law requires that…

Treatment of osteoporosis with sodium fluoride: An appraisal.

Crippling fluorosis… is characterized by dense bones, exostoses, neurologic complications due to bony overgrowth, osteoarthritis, and ligamentous calcification.

… new bone formed under the stimulus of fluoride administration may exhibit various degrees of osteosclerosis, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and architectural disorganization. Of these manifestations, only osteosclerosis increases bone strength. When fluoride is used therapeutically, therefore, it is obvious that conditions must be carefully chosen so as to maximize the development of osteosclerosis and to minimize the undesirable manifestations of osteoporosis and osteomalacia.

… The dramatic increase in the predominant trabecular bone of the axial skeleton during fluoride therapy is not accompanied by a corresponding increase in the predominantly cortical bone of the appendicular skeleton. Bone remodeling in cortical bone is increased during fluoride therapy (35); however, positive coupling does not occur, and formation and resorption remain in relative balance. Indeed, several investigators have reported that cortical bone decreases significantly during treatment…

Bitcoin and the Ontology of Money

Image representing the decentralised Bitcoin network

Money is accordingly a system of mutual trust, and not just any system of mutual trust: money is the most universal and most efficient system of mutual trust ever created.

(Yuval Noah Harari 2011, 180)

Money has long fascinated me, and not for the obvious reasons. Although I’d like to have more of it, my interest is largely philosophical. It is the ontology of money that has always disturbed me. Ever since I was a child, collecting old coins and hoarding my pocket money, I’ve wondered why it is that certain physical tokens can function as money and others cannot. What is money made from? What is it grounded in? Why do certain monetary systems fail and others succeed?

For many years, I set these questions aside, convinced that I had a basic grasp of how they could be answered. But in the past year they have re-emerged. I have started to teach a course on money and banking law. And, as is my wont, I cannot possibly teach it without trying to address some of the deeper philosophical issues. Some of these issues are purely political or ethical, but some are ontological. In particular, I have found the ontological questions to be pertinent when trying to assess the nature of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

This post is my first attempt to write down my thoughts on the ontology of money, in general, and Bitcoin, in particular. It is pitched at an introductory level, reassembled from notes I prepared for my classes. It may well contain some misconceptions or misunderstandings. I welcome feedback. The post is an attempt to achieve some degree of insight through the process of writing; not an attempt to reproduce well-thought out views in a written form.

I’m going to break the discussion up into four main parts. First, I’ll talk about the social function of money. Second, I’ll discuss two different ontologies of money — the naive realist ontology and the more sophisticated subjectivist ontology. Third, I’ll talk about five steps in the social evolution of money. And then fourth, and finally, I’ll talk about Bitcoin and how it fits into my preferred subjectivist ontological theory.

1. The Social Functions of Money
I don’t think the ontology of money can be understood apart from the social function of money. So that’s where I shall start. I can’t remember where I picked up the idea (I think it might have been from this podcast) but I like the analogy between money and a computer’s operating system. Money can be seen as the operating system for an economy: the software program that greases the engines of production and exchange (I guess that’s an awkward mix of metaphors).

Money has its origins in the importance of exchange. We all face the same basic problem of existence. We are mortal, fragile, biological beings. We need certain things in order to ensure our survival: food, clothing, shelter and so on. We also want certain things to make our existence more pleasant. How do we go about getting the things that we need and want? There are two basic strategies. The first is that of self-sufficiency, i.e. you, as an individual, can source and produce all the things you need to survive and (if you have any time left over) all the things you want in order to live a more pleasant life. The second is that of specialisation and exchange. Rather than spending all of your time catering to all of your needs and wants, you specialise in producing some particular good or providing some particular service, and then exchange with others who specialise in other areas.

While the self-sufficiency strategy holds appeal for some people, most societies have opted for the specialisation and exchange strategy. And this is where money comes into play. Although money is not strictly necessary for exchange (one could have systems of altruistic or communal sharing), it is the most common method of facilitating specialisation and exchange. This is because money performs three essential functions:

Medium of Exchange: It provides a medium for exchanging different goods and services. Put another way, it provides a medium for converting one type of good or service into another. This is perhaps the most important social function of money.

Store of value: The medium is one that retains (to some degree) its value over time. In other words, if you have money put in your hands on Monday it can still function as a useful medium of exchange on Friday, because people still accept that it has a roughly equivalent value. If money loses its value too rapidly — as happens in hyperinflationary cycles — it ceases to provide a useful medium of exchange. Similar negative effects occur if it increases in value too rapidly: people might stop using it as a medium of exchange and hoard it instead.

Unit of account: It provides a way of precisely accounting for the value of different goods and services. In other words, it is not too coarse-grained in how it accounts for their value. This is important insofar as an effective price system is thought to be essential not just for facilitating exchange, but for facilitating competition and the efficient use of resources.

This is the standard economic account of the functions of money. It will be familiar to all first year economics students. But it is connected to the ontological question that I find more interesting: what is the “stuff” that performs these three functions?

2. A Subjectivist Ontology of Money
Ontology is the study of what there is; what kinds of things exist and what are they made of. When it comes to the ontology of money, I tend to think that there are two schools of thought. One, which I think is clearly incorrect, is the naive realist theory of money. This is one that I, and I suspect others, found appealing in our youths. The other, which I think is correct, is the sophisticated subjectivist theory of money. Of course, the labels “naive” and “sophisticated” are value-laden, and I could perhaps do without them. Nevertheless, I think they are worth tacking on, mainly because I think there is a naive subjectivist theory that we should seek to avoid. More on this anon.

I start by offering a brief description of the naive realist ontology:

Naive Realist Ontology: Money is any physical commodity with intrinsic value, that can be used as a medium of exchange (i.e. it is a commodity that is valuable, but also portable, divisible, hard to fake etc.).

I call this a naive realist ontology because it maintains that money is “out there” in the natural world, the world beyond that of human imagination and culture. It corresponds, roughly, to other realist ontologies insofar as it thinks that the phenomenon of interest is not dependent on human observers for its existence (i.e. it thinks that money is mind-independent). This is a view that I think many people find attractive in their youths. I know I did. I used to think that coins, particularly those made of precious metals, counted as money because there was some mystical intrinsic value attached to those metals.

This view is naive and clearly false. History proves this point. Humans have used many commodities over the centuries, from tea leaves and cowry shells to pieces of paper and lines of computer code, as money. Many of these things lack intrinsic value (whatever that is). In fact, most of them lack instrumental value (beyond the value they provide as a medium of exchange). This is true of precious metals just as much as it is true of coloured printed paper. It is obvious that a piece of paper with numbers and symbols upon it has no intrinsic value, but, when you think about it, it is also pretty clear that gold and silver are devoid of intrinsic value. They merely have the value that particular cultures attach to them (e.g. for ornamentation and jewelry). If such a diverse, and clearly intrinsically valueless array of phenomena can count as money, the naive realist view must be false.

But this then raises the question: how is it that such a diverse array of phenomena can function as money? The answer lies in the sophisticated subjectivist ontology of money:

Sophisticated Subjectivist Ontology: Money is anything (physical or non-physical) that humans are collectively willing to represent and intend to function as a medium of exchange, store of value and unit of account.

To go back to the software analogy introduced earlier on, money isn’t some physical hardware that is “out there” in the real world, rather it is a software package that all participants in an economy simply agree to run on their brains. I believe it was Terence McKenna who once said that “what we call reality is, in fact, nothing more than a culturally sanctioned and linguistically reinforced hallucination”, and while I wouldn’t endorse this as a general description of reality, I think it is perfectly true when it comes to the reality of money. It really is just a collective hallucination.

That said, we must not fall into the trap of endorsing a naive subjectivist ontology. It is not the case that we can simply and easily hallucinate money into existence. It is far more complicated than that. Yuval Harari’s quote — which served as an epigram to this post — captures the difficulty. Money is a system of mutual trust, and societies have to go to extraordinary lengths to reinforce that system of mutual trust. As he puts it:

Why should anyone be willing to exchange a fertile rice paddy for a handful of useless cowry shells? Why are you willing to flip hamburgers, sell health insurance or babysit three obnoxious brats when all you get for your exertions is a few pieces of coloured paper? People are willing to do such things when they trust the figments of their collective imagination. Trust is the raw material from which all types of money are minted….What created this trust was a very complex and long-term network of political, social and economic relations.

(Harari 2011, 180)

Indeed, it is when you realise how difficult it is to create a system of mutually reinforcing trust that something of the naive realist view of money starts to creep back in. It turns out that some physical (and social) phenomena are better at creating such a system than others. So we cannot completely ignore the features of the objective (mind-independent) reality when it comes to understanding the ontology of money. This point can be illustrated by considering the historical evolution of money.

3. Five Steps in the Evolution of Money
Unfortunately, history is full of messy and complex facts. I cannot pretend to know everything about how money came to be or how it changed over time. Nevertheless, I think I can point to five steps in the evolution of money. These five steps may represent something of a historical “just so” story — one that cannot be easily mapped onto a chronological sequence of historical events — but I think they do capture something of the truth.

I’ll start by describing the five steps and explaining why they succeeded or failed to create an effective system of money. I’ll use this as a bridge toward the discussion of Bitcoin:

Step One – Barter: This is actually a pre-monetary step. It is what prevailed in economically simple ancient communities and what resurfaces at times of monetary crisis. It involves the direct exchange of one good or service for another, with no intervening medium of exchange. Its limitations are what spur the need for the mental creation of money. In a barter system, members of the community can struggle to store value in physical goods and services (the vegetables I grow in my garden will rot and go off), to find willing partners for exchange (the fisherman down the road may not want any of my vegetables) and to meaningfully account for the value of different items (how much is a freshly-caught salmon worth in sticks of celery?).

Step Two – Commodity-based Systems: This is really the first step in the development of proper money. It is what happens when a community picks some available commodity (barley grains, shiny stones, sea shells, salt, tea leaves etc) and collectively agree (through practice and trial and error, not through formal contract) that this commodity will function as money. Many different societies have trialled many different types of commodity money. Some commodities are clearly better at doing this than others. The stone disks used as money on the Island of Yap, for instance, have some limitations. They are not readily portable and divisible, and are unlikely to be accepted as valuable in other communities. They also face a trust problem: how do you ensure that people do not “double-spend” their stone disks?

Step Three – Coined Money: This is a sub-type of commodity money based on coins made from precious metals such as gold, silver and bronze. It was an effective system of commodity money and became popular in a number of different cultures. There were many reasons for this. Precious metals had some instrumental value across many different cultures (for making weapons, tools, jewelry etc) and so could facilitate larger trade networks. They were also highly portable, and capable of being melted and sub-divided into units representing different quantities of value. However, they too faced a trust problem. Initially their value was tied to the weight or quantity of the metal in the coin, that was part of the reason people were willing to accept them as currency. But it was always possible to introduce counterfeit or impure coins. Communities tried to counteract this by adding official stamps and signs to the official currency. Counterfeiters reacted by developing methods for copying these stamps and signs. The trust arms-race started to take-off: governments introduced more and more elaborate mechanisms designed to restore trust in the monetary system (I ignore, for now, the fact that some governments also tried to decrease the value of their currencies through a practice known as seignoirage).

Step Four – Paper Money Backed by Coin/Precious Metal: Although coined money was relatively effective as a medium of exchange, it did have some inconvenient features. In addition to the counterfeiting problem, large sums of coined money were difficult to carry around and made one a target for thieves and bandits. As a convenience, goldsmiths started to offer safe storage facilities to people who wished to stash their coins. They would be issued with receipts which they could exchange for coin. In time, people started to use these slips of paper to pay for goods and services, confident that the holder of the receipt could always trade-in for the prescribed amount of coin. Paper money was born. Paper money also had its trust problems, with counterfeiting being a serious issue (as it still is) and with occasional crises of confidence when the holders of coin reserves became involved in fractional reserve banking. Since these institutions would lend multiples of the actual sums of coined money they held on reserves, they were prone to “runs” when people worried that borrowers would not be able to pay back their loans. Centralisation of the banking and monetary systems solved some of these problems and led to perhaps the most famous system of paper money backed by precious metal: the Gold Standard.

Step Five – Fiat Money: [Skipping over lots of the important historical details] The next step in the evolution of money came when governments (who controlled the gold standard) realised that this system was expensive, and limited what they could do during times of national crisis (e.g. during WWI and the Great Depression) to restore confidence to the broader economy. They realised that it was possible to get people to trust the paper money system through force of law alone. All the government had to do was declare that X amount of money was in existence, and thus it was that X amount money came into existence. This is money created by governmental fiat. This is the system that prevails today, and nowadays the majority of such money does not exist in paper or coined form. It exists as account balances on computer programs run by the banking system. This fiat system also clearly suffers from trust problems: it only works to the extent that people have faith in the stability and probity of government, and the prudence of the banking system.

As I say, this is a crude summary of the historical evolution of money. But I think it does show why our subjectivist ontology must be sophisticated rather than naive. We see now the problems that arise when trying to create a system of mutual trust that will provide the basis for money. For the majority of human history, these problems were solved by attaching value to commodities with the right kinds of properties (portable, divisible, widely perceived as having instrumental value, hard to fake etc.) and correcting for any trust deficits through the use of institutions and laws. In the most recent evolutionary step, money has been delinked from physical commodities. The mutual trust needed is fashioned from our trust in other social institutions (specifically governments, central banks and banks). These institutions are themselves fashioned out of our collective imaginations. Money has now truly become a collective hallucination, one that is maintained by a complex and esoteric network of rituals and laws.

4. The Ontology of Bitcoin
Where do Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies fit within this ontological framework? Despite claims to the contrary made by its mysterious founder — Satoshi Nakamoto — Bitcoin is not a “trustless” monetary system. It is just as much an exercise in collective trust and imagination as is the fiat money system. But it does mark something of a move away from the pure fiat system and a return to the classic commodity-based systems. Only this time the commodity in question is not some physical object like silver or gold, but rather a digital program that runs on a decentralised network of computers. Bitcoin tries to solve the trust problem by getting us to attach value to a computer program with a number of unique properties.

I’m going to try to describe some of these properties now. But before I do so a caveat: the Bitcoin protocol solves the trust problem in a manner that also tries to implement a whole political and economic philosophy (roughly that of the Cypherpunk movement). In what follows, I try to ignore the features of that political and economic philosophy as much as possible. I do so not because I think they are unimportant or uninteresting — far from it: I want to write another post on whether Bitcoin is an economic and political failure at a later date — but because some of those details may distract from the purely ontological focus of this post.

So, anyway, what are the properties of the Bitcoin protocol that address the trust problem? This is not the place to launch into a full explanation of how Bitcoin works. To be honest, some of the technical details elude me (I have a basic grasp of how cryptographic hash functions work and how the mining competition operates, but I couldn’t claim to know everything). Fortunately, all I need to explain the ontology of Bitcoin are a few choice details. One of which is the basic gist of the idea. Bitcoin takes to the hilt the notion that pretty much anything can be used to represent value. It does this by encouraging people to attach value to digital tokens that represent numerical balances stored in personalised digital wallets. It then gets people to trust that these digital tokens and balances really can represent stores of value, and really can function as a medium of exchange, by creating a system that protects them from fraud and abuse (the digital tokens are bitcoin the currency; the protective system is Bitcoin the protocol).

Every type of money is open to fraud and abuse. What types of fraud and abuse are unique to Bitcoin? One of the major problems with a digital currency is that its users are being asked to trust that the digital records of their balances and payments are accurate. This is a tough sell since it is so easy to create and copy digital files. A user will always be inclined to ask: Couldn’t somebody be using the same digital token to pay for many different things? Couldn’t a sophisticated programmer or hacker be altering the digital records, stealing currency from others or creating an endless supply for themselves?
Bitcoin solves these specific trust problems by creating a computer program with a number of distinctive properties. I’ll mention four of them here:

The Blockchain: This is probably the key property of the Bitcoin program. It is a decentralised digital ledger that contains a record of every bitcoin transaction that has ever taken place. This ledger is what gives people confidence in the system. It allows them to be sure that there are no double-spends or fake transactions. It is constantly growing, and maintained and verified by a decentralised network of computers (in theory: anyone can contribute to this effort, provided they have the right equipment). This process of maintenance and verification occurs in ten minute intervals.

Cryptographic Security: The program uses a variety of cryptographic methods to protect the anonymity of its users and to prevent fraud and abuse. The primary methods are public key encryption, cryptographic hash functions, and proof of work protocols. These methods are used, respectively, to enable primary transactions between buyers and sellers, to add transaction data to the decentralised ledger, and to verify that the correct transaction data is being added to the Blcokchain. These are all essential to ensuring that people trust the system.

Competitive Mining: The people who maintain and verify the Blockchain are encouraged to do so through an interesting reward mechanism. During each ten-minute round, the computers running the system participate in a competition to ensure that they are the ones that get to add the next verified transaction block to the Blockchain. If they win this competition, they are rewarded with some freshly minted bitcoin. This has nothing to do with creating and maintaining trust per se, but rather with attracting people to the currency in the first place. In other words, it gets them to buy into this particular collective hallucination.

Radically Deflationary Currency: The final property of the Bitcoin program is that the currency is radically deflationary. That is to say: less and less of it will be created over time, until the maximum of 21 million bitcoin is reached. This stands in direct opposition to modern fiat money systems which are, if anything, radically inflationary in nature. Again, the radically deflationary nature of the currency has nothing to do with maintaining trust in the system, but rather with encouraging people to get onboard. Why? Because if a radically deflationary currency takes off, the particular units of currency can be expected to go up in value over time. Thus, if you are an early adopter, you will be richly rewarded. The purchasing power of your units of currency will increase, rather than decrease over time.

These are the four properties of the Bitcoin program that I think have facilitated is acceptance as a type of money. But these four properties are not the end of the story. Many other people tried to create digital currencies with similar properties, and yet they all failed to take off. What was it about this particular version that captured the popular imagination? The answer does not lie in the features of the protocol alone. The answers lies in the particular socio-cultural milieu in which Bitcoin was launched.

It is probably no coincidence that Bitcoin was launched and took off in the aftermath of the Financial Crisis of ’08. This was a moment when our collective trust in the social institutions propping up the fiat money system was at a low ebb. It is also helped that Bitcoin came along at a point in time when the internet — and the concept of digital transactions — had reached a certain level of maturity. People had already begun to believe in the notion of a digital payment system: the notion of a completely digital currency was less of a conceptual leap. Finally, it no doubt helped that the anonymity of Bitcoin facilitated a community of people who wanted to trade in illegal goods and services (such as the illegal narcotics that could be bought and sold on the Silk Road).

5. Conclusion
This post has gone on for too long. I’ll wrap up by summarising three key points. First, in terms of the ontology of money, I think we ought to subscribe to a sophisticated subjectivist ontology, according to which money is simply anything that people collectively agree can represent and function as a medium of exchange, store of value and unit of account. In short, money is a collective hallucination.

Second, it is not easy to get people to collectively agree to a particular system of money. They need to trust that the system really will function as a medium of exchange, store of value and unit of account. Many different systems have been trialled over the course of human history, each of which comes with advantages and weaknesses. The two primary systems are the traditional commodity-based systems — which try to manufacture the necessary trust by utilising commodities with a unique set of properties; and fiat systems — which try to manufacture the necessary trust by using a network of social institutions, norms and laws.

Third, Bitcoin fits within this general subjectivist ontology. It is not a trustless system. It tries to manufacture the necessary trust by utilising a computer program with a number of unique properties. These include: (i) the Blockchain, which provides an authoritative record of transaction data; (ii) the various methods of cryptographic security, which make it hard for hackers to fake or manipulate transaction data; (iii) the mining competition, which incentivises people to maintain the authoritative record; and (iv) the radically deflationary nature of the currency, which encourages people to opt into the system by guaranteeing that, if it takes off, the units of currency will increase in value.

The post Bitcoin and the Ontology of Money appeared first on h+ Media.

The Glory of Gardening

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Crime drops 61 percent after town switches to private policing; free market law enforcement rising in US

(NaturalNews) A new trend is sweeping across America, and it’s an idea whose time may have come: Private police forces – as in, forces that do not subsist on tax dollars or work on behalf of local, city or county governments.As reported by the Washington Post, the idea is built…

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9 Steps for Transforming Fear with Spiritual Surrender

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Meadville’s fluoridation debate could flare up later this summe

Putting fluoride in Meadville’s water supply has been a topic which has been debated off and on for more than 60 years. Discussion in front of the board that decides Meadville water supply’s fluoride fate could return as early as August.

Fluoride is a hot button topic because talks of adding it to the city’s water brought speakers, for and against, to a Meadville Area Water Authority (MAWA) meeting in 2013 to convince the authority one way and the other. Fluoride is a compound used in preventing tooth decay and cavities.

Of the two groups presenting to MAWA in 2013, Community Initiative for Improved Dental Health (CIIDH) spoke on behalf of putting fluoride in the water. Clean Water Meadville made it clear it doesn’t want fluoride added to the water. Both groups have circulated petitions and traded letters to the editor and columns regarding their stance on the issue.

MAWA tabled taking any action or further fluoride discussions in 2013 with the intention of settling the matter in 2014. At that time, MAWA Chairman Tim Groves said adding fluoride to the water wouldn’t be discussed until the $9.2 million Highland Tanks and Clearwell projects were completed. The projects were projected for completion in mid-summer 2014 at that time.

Both projects are still ongoing and scheduled to be completed in July. Almost two years later, Groves said MAWA hasn’t moved from the stance it took in 2013 — fluoride won’t be discussed until after the construction projects are completed.

Newly elected MAWA Vice Chairman Dr. Dennis Finton concurred with Groves and said MAWA has other pressing matters before fluoride can be discussed.

“The focus is to get a full board (of five) in place,” Finton said.

Joe Stainbrook’s January resignation from MAWA has brought applications from six people to fill the vacated seat. Mark Gildea, Chris Knapp, Sharon Dale, Rick Minman, Roseanne Rust and Glenn Tuttle have been interviewed and are awaiting Meadville City Council’s decision on who will be appointed.

The decision to add fluoride to the water supply rests solely with the five individuals serving on the MAWA board. City Council can appoint those to serve on MAWA but can’t override MAWA’s decision regarding fluoride.

This doesn’t mean fluoride hasn’t been brought up in a city meeting.

At the annual Meadville City Health Board meeting, Deputy Mayor LeRoy Stearns presented health board Chairman John Battaglia with a letter asking for public hearings and education so people can make an informed decision whether they want fluoride in their water.

In the letter, Stearns asked the health board to take the lead educating the public regarding fluoride and to bring in outside people to talk about both sides of the issue.

“I want the community to be educated,” Stearns said. “And I want an unbiased story told to me.”

There are funds available to the health board for public education and the third class city code permits the health board to offer this service, according to Stearns.

“I think that’s the only fair way to me,” said Stearns, referring to bringing in outside experts.

Public notification of intent to fluoridate water supplies is one of the requirements the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) has in place prior to issuing municipalities permits to add fluoride to the water. Informational leaflets, pamphlets, newspaper articles or direct mailings meet the requirement for adequate customer notification of possible fluoridation, according to the state DEP.

Fluoride cannot be allowed to be put on the ballot as a referendum question, according to the Department of Community Economic Development, which develops the handbook about what can and can’t become a referendum.

Another issue is aside from Meadville, MAWA serves customers in Vernon, West Mead and Woodcock townships, who have no representation on the water board. Only Meadville residents are allowed to serve on the MAWA board.

The most recent debate over fluoridating Meadville’s water supply is not the first time the issue has been raised or sparked controversy.

In 1954, fluoride was a referendum question on the ballot in Meadville and was defeated, according to Tribune archives.

In June 1966, members of the Crawford County Dental Society, the Crawford County Medical Society and the Board of Health made a request to Meadville City Council to fluoridate Meadville’s water. Council told the three organizations who wanted fluoride that it would be comfortable making an action which would overturn the 1954 referendum if the organizations could gather petitions with 2,500 signatures of residents.

The Citizens Committee for Fluoridation organized in December 1966, with its first order of business to gather the petitions requested by council.

The committee presented petitions with more than 2,000 signatures to City Council on Feb. 14, 1967. At the next council meeting, an anti-fluoride group presented council with a petition of its own with 4,804 signatures.

The second petition raised an outcry from the Committee for Fluoridation, which said that if council were to make its decision solely on which petition had the most signatures, council would be conducting a “backdoor” referendum.

On March 14, 1967, City Council voted 3-2 to fluoridate Meadville’s water. City Council was able to decide and vote on the issue because the city owned the water authority in 1967, unlike today where the authority is owned by MAWA and managed by American Water.

After first approving fluoridation, council reversed its decision on April 25, 1967. The city attorney had advised council that adding fluoride to the water would put the city in violation of the Pennsylvania Adulterated or Misbranded Food statutes. The city attorney further advised council that the city could face criminal or civil court action if it followed through with fluoridating the water. Council voted 3-2 to drop the fluoridation matter.

The debate continues

In 2011, the Meadville Medical Center’s Community Health Assessment showed oral health is the biggest medical need in the community. The CIIDH and Meadville Area Cooperative (MAC) both were formed with the goal of having fluoride added to Meadville’s water. CIIDH and MAC are comprised of members from Meadville Medical Center, Crawford Central School District, Allegheny College and concerned community members.

The main presenter to MAWA at its 2013 meeting for CIIDH was Dr. Denise Johnson, an obstetrician/gynecologist who serves as MMC’s chief medical officer and CIIDH chair.

The CIIDH would like MAWA to fluoridate Meadville’s water to the recommended levels set by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Johnson said. The CDC recommends 0.7 parts per million.

Parts per million is used to measure the mass ratio between an additive component and a solution such as air, water and body fluids.

“We understand the water authority has some huge projects on its plate,” Johnson said. “We’re certainly respectful of that.”

The CIIDH circulated a petition a year ago and gathered 1,000 signatures of people supporting fluoridation, according to Johnson. That petition will be among the supporting materials for CIIDH’s next presentation to MAWA, Johnson said.

“We really believe this is something beneficial for the citizens of Meadville,” Johnson said.

The spokesman for the opposing group, Clean Water Meadville, is Dr. Chris Knapp, a local chiropractor.

“With this issue there is no informed consent — you have to drink water,” Knapp said. “It’s a poor way to administer medication.”

Knapp and his supporters recognize fluoride has some valuable properties and agree it should be made available to those who want it — just not in the community water supply.

Clean Water Meadville has also been circulating petitions and has approximately 300 signatures, according to Knapp.

Learn more

For information regarding the benefits of fluoridated water, the Community Initiative for Improved Dental Health has a website, meadvillesmiles.com.

For information about adverse effects of fluoridated water, Clean Water Meadville has a website, cleanwatermeadville.org, and may be found on Facebook by searching “Clean Water Meadville.”

See original article

Collision with ‘second Earth’ probably created the Moon

It now appears increasingly like the Moon is the offspring of perhaps the single most devastating event in the history of our planet.

Three new studies into the formation of our natural satellite, each published in the journal Nature, indicate that a collision between Earth and a very similar, planet-like object set in motion the process that created our orbiting Moon. The new evidence looks set to resolve why geology of the Moon and Earth are so much more similar than other planets and moons we see elsewhere in the Solar System.

By: Michael Rundle,

Continue reading…

There’s no business like …

Hillary Clinton’s Nixonesque relationship with her email account as Secretary of State may ultimately force the Dems to scramble for a Plan B to retain… Read more »

China’s ‘Great Cannon’ could hack anyone, researchers warn

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By: James Temperton,

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We Can’t Change Others – Or Can We?

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Activating Oxytocin – The Master Hormone for Bliss and Bonding

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How BrainGate reconnects the mind to the physical world

When Cathy Hutchinson drank a cinnamon latte from a thermos in 2012, she made history. When she went on to type words, send emails and navigate a wheelchair, it sent waves of excitement through the neuroscience research community. Hutchinson’s accomplishments were doubly sensational: not only was she the only almost-fully paralysed person to pick up her own coffee cup and drink from it, but she was also the first to do it entirely using her mind.

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Rare Thor’s Hammer Found in Central Norway

Recently, Magne Øksnes found something quite unique with metal detector on the Flekstad farm in Steinkjer, Central Norway: A beautiful Thor’s hammer Viking Age pendant of silver in excellent condition.

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BSD Masterclass Space Clearing & Alignment of Energies in Buildings

Masterclass with Christian Kyriacou

Date: 30-31st May, 2015

Location: a venue in the South of England to be confirmed

Booking: limited places available. BOOK NOW – don’t miss this unique opportunity! Please see the link below.

A 2-day experiential on-site workshop. Develop the art of understanding the process of bringing balance to our spaces, and enhance your practical and intuitive dowsing skills.

Do you ever feel that a house or work place just does not feel right, as if something is out of balance? Some areas may feel strange and uncomfortable or cold, sticky and thick like treacle, even giving you a sick feeling or a headache.
In the process of resolving problem issues in homes and buildings, we will learn how to read the space and perceive how unseen energies reflect an owner’s or company’s belief systems and subconscious patterns, affecting those who live and work there. We will consider the following:

Earth Energies * Geopathic Stress * Ancestral & Karmic Patterns
Soul Purpose * Spirits, Ghosts and Paranormal Activity

We will explore our relationship with our own home and workplace, a reflection of our ‘inner home’, and consider why we choose to live or work there. Is the building stressed-out or traumatised? What happened in that space before you arrived? Where is the heart centre located and does it have a soul?

Using our minds and bodies as instruments to identify and connect with ‘stuck’ earth and etheric energies, we can clear and release energetic debris in buildings. Through a technique Christian calls Psychotherapeutic Regression, any soul fragments can be gathered together and taken back to zero point by clearing, re-aligning and reconnecting the building to its original blueprint, thus remembering its original purpose. We will learn how to identify when a new function is needed, and how a new code can be programmed into its core memory.
There is a direct correlation between our environment and our success in life.
Enhance your environment and improve your health, wealth and relationships!

Booking: limited places available. BOOK NOW – don’t miss this unique opportunity! Please see the link below.


The slightly puzzling response that I got the other day on the entry two back [offering to help me with the mess, I think — which is not necessary at the level the mess now is] made me wonder if it was not really a sideways request to come and use the archives here. THAT made me think that it is my current duty to inform folks what to do if they wanted to do that, now that the shift has been made.

Rapidly: what’s here? This is primarily a two-headed chimaeara. It is a UFO-heavy anomalies research library and a depository for the Society for the Investigation of the Unexplained {SITU} archive. These are two different things with some overlap.

On the personal research library side, there are lots of books, journals, and case files.

There are files copied from significant UFO repositories such as the McDonald files, the NICAP files, the Colorado files, plus some originals such as Ed Ruppelt, John Timmerman, and George Hunt Williamson.

Though a UFO research library primarily, there are other subjects covered both as to texts and journals.

Because Ivan Sanderson’s SITU is here, that might be the main target of potential visitors. Sanderson’s main personal files, as located at SITU anyway, are the three-ringed notebook collection, some of which shows above. That is ready to be viewed. Other SITU material is still boxed, Frankly, this is mostly MUCH less interesting than the notebooks, as it is mainly published material — occasionally something in here is rare, however, though not as much as I would have hoped.

So, knowing what’s in situ [no pun intended though it is an accidental rather good one], how does one go about seeing the stuff?

No. Gene Tierney doesn’t have anything to do with it, but I just like looking at pictures of Gene Tierney, so sue me.

If one wishes to see the archives, “UFO/Anomalies” or “SITU/Ivan” or both, you need to give me fair warning — that’s basically all. I’m not available 100% of the time, and also wouldn’t mind the visits to be of reasonable length and period of time during the day. Civilized behavior and a dash of seriousness — I’d rather people had some honorable goal they were about — is about all I’m hoping for.

For persons not able to come to Kalamazoo, but still want to get some information, I will try to be helpful, but requests should be VERY specific. Life standing at a scanner or copier is no life.

Thus, Duty done.

Back to staring at Gene Tierney.

Was Jesus An Alien?

resurrection-of-jesus-picture-hd-christian.jpgBelievers of the Ancient Astronaut theory argue that aliens from advanced civilisations have visited Earth throughout history, guiding our religions. They believe that the divine events in the Bible were misinterpreted by early humans and the prophet Jesus Christ was actually an alien.

Artist’s right to secretly snap neighbours upheld in New York

A landmark ruling in New York City’s Supreme Court has upheld the rights of a photographer to exhibit and sell a series of photographs he took of his neighbours without their consent, marking a new chapter in the fiercely waged debate around the boundaries of the public and private.

A panel of seven judges unanimously ruled in favour of Arne Svenson’s series The Neighbours, first exhibited in 2013, citing the First Amendment and its protection of artistic freedom.

By: Daniel Culpan,

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Filipino farmers flatly reject GMOs being forced on them by agricultural imperialism

(NaturalNews) A Filipino agricultural organization has soundly rejected a move by a pro-GMO rice group to introduce the genetically modified crop in the Asia Pacific nation.According to a press release posted on Facebook, the Filipino organization, Masipag, has managed to thwart…

China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): What You Need to Know

3rd April 2015 By James Corbett Guest Writer for Wake Up World The business newswires have been atwitter with talk of the “AIIB” in the past two weeks. What is the AIIB? And why this story is receiving so much attention? James Corbett, founder of The Corbett Report, is here to fill in the pieces of the…

‘This doesn’t encourage integration, this encourages separateness': Local council slammed for asking non-Muslim women to wear hijabs to raise awareness and combat Islamophobia

A local council has created controversy by asking non-Islamic women to wear hijabs in a ‘social experiment’ to increase awareness and education.

The City of Greater Dandenong Council in Victoria to wear the religious headdress for three hours today, as part of its plans to celebrate ‘National Youth Week.’

The event, which will also be filmed, has been designed to ‘provide …

WIRED Awake: 10 must-read articles for 10 April

Your WIRED.co.uk daily briefing. Today, IBM is experimenting with brain algorithms, living on a wind turbine, UK tests new-look electricity pylons and more.

By: WIRED.co.uk,

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Noddy is now a detective in new CGI reboot

He’s a fixture in the childhood of millions, but now Enid Blyton’s Noddy is being revamped as a hardboiled detective in a CGI animated show from the makers of Kung-Fu Panda.

OK, “hardboiled” might be stretching it, but Noddy, Toyland Detective is very much a real thing. Co-produced by DreamWorks Animation Television and France’s Gaumont Animation, the series will see the cheery wooden boy solving mysteries and investigating the world around him in 52 educational adventures, of 11-minutes each. The series will premiere on France Télévisions’ France 5 network next spring, ahead of an international rollout.

By: Matt Kamen,

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WIRED Awake: 10 must-read articles for 2 April

Your WIRED.co.uk daily briefing. Today, EU preparing antitrust charges against Google, the US navy’s flying, swimming duck drone, Uber goes on the offensive and more.

By: WIRED.co.uk,

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Ebola vaccine reaches West Africa for massive human trial

In a trial of 158 people, 35 percent suffered a mild fever after being vaccinated but no serious side effects were reported

An Ebola vaccine tested by a London university has made its way into a 27,000-person clinical trial in West Africa. The number of volunteers involved in the trial just tops the number of people that have been infected with Ebola since the outbreak began — a harrowing 25,178.

St George’s, University of London is part of a global effort to speedily bring Ebola vaccine rVSV-ZEBOV to the regions most impacted by the deadly virus, and this week a paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown just how much promise that vaccine has.


By: Liat Clark,

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Thought obedience demanded in America as college professor bans student for discussing opinions on rape

(NaturalNews) Once upon a time, American college campuses were bastions of free expression and free speech, exemplifying all the rights the founding fathers intended the First Amendment to convey.But no more. Increasingly, university campuses are becoming controlled speech zones…

David Icke’s Acclaimed New All-Day Wembley Presentation Now Available To See On Demand

‘This 2014 Wembley presentation is your opus to date. Amazing clarity, great HD, great sound, and the most amazing dot connecting and clarity of thought I have ever heard. I have read and listened to most of your work, but the way this one culminated and played out was borderline magical mate.’

- US Singer, Songwriter, Producer Geoff Byrd

Please note … rental price is in dollars because of the playout system …

Click here to watch …

Fertility is Kaput, but Life Goes On

I study evolution of aging because I think it is a scientific conundrum.  But frequently, people tell me that the evolution of aging is easy to understand.  After the individual is done reproducing, its job is finished, and there is no more evolutionary force to keep it alive.  It can be pushed over with a feather (if natural selection had feathers to push with).

It’s not just naive people who make this statement.  People who should know better sometimes say the same thing.  I have heard this explanation from the mouth of a Nobel laureate in medicine.

The reasoning is correct, of course, but the problem is that it begs the question, how did the loss of fertility evolve? Sure, it’s true that once the individual has lost the capacity to reproduce (and is no longer caring for its offspring) there is no evolutionary reason for it to remain alive.  But why, in the first place, does evolution put up with the loss of fertility?  Why aren’t we all like oak trees that grow larger, stronger and more fertile with every passing year?

The mystery is not that we die after we lose our fertility; the mystery is why natural selection has permitted us to lose our fertility.

octopus wiki commonsSemelparous organisms are those that have evolved to reproduce in one big burst.  All of them, to my knowledge, are also evolved to die promptly after reproduction.  Familiar examples include Pacific salmon, the octopus, many insects and annual plants.  Usually, it is clear that death is internally orchestrated, triggered by hormonal signals, behaviors and anatomical changes.  Mayflies, gnats and cicadas have no mouths or digestive capacity as adults. Octopus mothers stop eating and starve to death.  Salmon poison themselves with steroid hormones. Pansies shrivel up as soon as they “go to seed”, but you can keep them alive all summer as long as you remember to clip off the flowers when they begin to wilt.

Evolutionary biologists thought they had a good understanding of this dynamic, with the exception of human females. Women lose their fertility in their thirties or forties, but can go on to live into their seventies or eighties. What was evolution thinking, in cutting off female fertility?  In classical neo-Darwinian thinking, fitness is maximized by natural selection. There’s no such thing as “enough offspring—ok to stop now,” because if someone else has genes that permit more reproduction, then those genes will be the ones that spread through the next generation and grow to dominate the gene pool. Perhaps there is some physiological limit, and nature has tried and tried to extend female fertility, but it’s just a difficult problem… But that’s just not plausible. Women are born with millions of eggs, but over the course of a lifetime, only a few hundred ripen and descend the fallopian tube where they might be fertilized. The rest die in a process called atresia, akin to programmed cell death. Perhaps the eggs just become damaged over time, and they can no longer develop into a viable foetus. It is true that birth defects increase with a woman’s age, but this hardly seems to be a hard-and-fast physiological limit.

The explanation that was offered until a few years ago was the grandmother hypothesis. Perhaps a woman in her 50s can contribute more to her genetic legacy by helping out rearing her grandchildren. Perhaps infertility frees her from raising new babies of her own, so that she can devote full time to grandmothering, and in this way the number of surviving grandchildren is actually increased over what it would be if she remained fertile for an extra decade or two.

The Grandmother Hypothesis was never so plausible on its face, but it survived by default, having no competition. But a few years ago, some Exeter University researchers did a computation confirming what should have been obvious: If your goal is to have as many children as possible, cutting off your fertility is not a good choice. New children to whom you might be able to give birth if you carry on will all bear your gene, whereas grandchildren have only a 1 in 2 chance of carrying the gene, and you can only indirectly help their survival. Michael Cant and Rufus Johnstone estimated the net cost of menopause with real survival statistics from several primitive human cultures, and it wasn’t even close.

There’s more. Humans are not the only animals to lose their fertility and go on living, as it turns out. Whales and elephants are social mammals, and you might imagine that the grandmother hypothesis applies to them. But birds don’t care for their grandchildren, and several kinds of fowl become infertile long before they die. Fish don’t even care for their children, and post-reproductive life has been discovered in guppies.

Lab worms, C. elegans quite drive the point home as they are hermaphrodites, born with more eggs than sperm. They simply run out of sperm, and stop reproducing after about 4 days, but they can go on to live for 10 days.  This is a striking example of programmed deathbecause sperm is an itty-bitty, stripped-down cell.  Metabolically, the cost of producing sperm is negligible, even for a creature 1/10 mm long.  So running out of sperm while there are still plenty of eggs to be fertilized can only be seen as a purposeful curtailment of fertility.

Measuring life span and fertility in the wild is not so easy, and to date there are only a dozen or so examples. But wherever they look, field biologists are finding post-reproductive life span.

This is indeed a mystery. If natural selection is optimizing something called “fitness” which depends most directly on the number of offspring left by an individual, why is fertility being curtailed?  If there are resources that could be invested in reproduction or traded in for chips that help to keep the body in good repair, then why are so many chips mis-invested in longevity, when fertility would pay a dividend, and longevity, none?

A couple of years ago, Charles Goodnight and I proposed a solution to this conundrum, but it comes at a steep price. We left behind the neo-Darwinian framework in which maximizing fertility is the essence of fitness. We offered an answer in terms of the Demographic Theory of Senescence. This is a theory that says that nature does not maximize individual fitness only, but also concerns herself with stable and robust communities. The key point is that for animals (but not plants), over-consumption and over-population are ever-present, looming threats to the community. It is all too easy to “win” the game of reproducing, using a strategy of beggar-thy-neighbor. Animals in an area share a communal pool of food, and the easy way to reproduce more is to eat more, to gather more biomass and convert it to babies. This strategy offers a very short-lived victory, because once the food species is depleted, it may take many generations to grow back.

I may have more children than you, and get more of my genes into the gene pool of the next generation. But the result is that my children are greedy, like me, and there are more of them, and it doesn’t take long before they outgrow the food supply that was once sufficient to support our community, and everyone starves.

The classical wisdom is that this is a form of “group selection”, and it’s bound to be slow and inefficient compared to “individual selection”. But as Michael Gilpin first demonstrated 40 years ago, population overshoot can be the basis of a swift and lethal form of group selection. With judicious use of computer modeling and careful mathematical logic, he demonstrated that, in this case, it is easy to understand how group selection tempers individual selection.

The radical conclusion of Gilpin is that, in animals, reproduction can never be maximized without destroying the population. This undermines the assumption at the foundation of classical neo-Darwinism, and introduces a new, more communal picture of how evolution works.

It was in the context of this picture that Charles and I were able to demonstrate the evolutionary benefit of post-reproductive life span. Sustainability is a target of natural selection.  The goal is to stabilize populations in good times and bad, to avoid population overshoot that leads to collapse and extinction.  The mechanism of natural selection couldn’t be clearer: communities that are not sustainable collapse to extinction.

How does post-reproductive life span help?  An infertile, older population acts as a kind of buffer during times when the population might otherwise be expanding too fast. When there is plenty of food, the post-reproductive segment eats some of it, but they do not add to population growth in the next generation. Then, when times become more difficult and food is scarce, the older, weaker segment of the population is the first to die off, and this is no real loss to the population’s reproductive potential.

Remember, all this works in animals but not plants. In fact, post-reproductive lifespan is not found in plants, and indeed most plants appear to follow the expectations of neo-Darwinian theory far more closely than animals; which is to say that plants do appear to be maximizing their reproduction, while animals do not.

This demographic perspective may or may not be the solution to the conundrum of post-reproductive life span.  Clearly it doesn’t explain everything–for example, why do pansies die promptly after they go to seed?  But at present the Demographic Theory has few competitors, and we think it is a good beginning, and should be a fruitful basis for exploring a new understanding of evolution’s basic machinery.

More details of the Demographic Theory of Aging in my blog post from last year. Here is a link to the journal article by Mitteldorf and Goodnight.


This article originally appeared in Josh’s blog Aging Matters here.

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An Orc-hestra Out of Tune

Something profound happened to both myself and some of the people in my life this week. What happened was both seismic and strangely, silent. Well, silent in terms of no great drama or astounding external revelation unfolded. It was internal; that place were all the greatest truths are unleashed. From within, unfolding and synchronistic and perhaps even mystic.  

Others reported it too. It was simple, we acknowledged imperfections and mistakes. Both in ourselves and others and we were fine with it. We didn’t care to make radical changes, or seek them in others. We understood that the imperfections and mistakes were meant to happen. We looked at the Orcs in our midst, and we did nothing more than acknowledge their existence. That’s all that was required. 

Tolkien’s Orcs were the direct product of the psychopathic overlords who made ‘slaves’ and then self-perpetuating victims of both themselves and others. This idea is very much aligned with Jung’s ‘Shadow’ created by the repressed darkness of humans seeking to achieve perfection without reflection. Orcs are made Orcs by more powerful or dogmatic leaders, and this is why they feel powerless and tormented into attacking or joining personal and vicious witch hunts against others.

It can happen to any of us. We are men, and ‘men are weak’. We fight it, we accept it, and we seek to tame the Goblin inside us. Some unfortunately choose to be permanently-entrenched Goblins and Orcs, as the intensity of their pathology excites them…for a while. Then what?

I want the self-made Orcs to be decent people again. I would not wish their chosen fate on my worst enemy. However, only they can change themselves and get the ‘Truther’ Toxins out of their psyche rather than looking for ‘shills’ and ‘crypto Jews’ to further entrench their dogma. To serve ‘the boss’ is to rob yourself. 

No one else can do it for them. Their co-dependency with ‘Truther’ videos and memes has made them this way to begin with. Dogma took it from there. We have people like Hillary Clinton with real power – delighting on TV at the news of a man being anally raped with a bayonet before having his throat cut – but Thomas Sheridan is the problem you must address as the cause of the problems in your world? Really now?
Enough of this bullshit.  
It’s the overall plan that grabs, charges and excites me. I want creativity and even if the psychopaths run the world they are not going to take the sunrise from my eyes or the colours from my heart. 

We all must study, consider, ponder and continue on. Mistakes are the accidental bum notes in the music of life which creates glorious new symphonies. Playing out of tune in any Orc-hestra is merely the unacknowledged end time of Ragnarök within. I have said the same thing about the Psychopaths in Charge. We need them to be there in some ways, so we can evolve as a reaction to their business. We need the Orcs too. However, these Orcs don’t even serve themselves. This is their greatest folly. Ultimately their own souls and joy are their only quarry.
I am very comfortable in the saga now as it stands. I am becoming in my outlook somewhat like how Odin accepted fate and fortune, I know Ragnarök will unleash Fenrir one day, but it is a righteous fate; destiny of destruction and rebirth. You, I, all of us must tame, but also tolerate the Loki within us. His deviousness sometimes occasionally produces good things by accident. Bum notes and mistakes which create accidental magic. We continue to refine/retune our own personal worlds before they end. But it will still be reborn.  
Something very special indeed happened to some of us this week. Something very special indeed.

Please read, listen and disseminate freely these two powerful pieces by my good friends Cari-Lee Miller and Niall Murphy:

The Truth Movement is Dead: Orcs and Their Addictions
by Cari-Lee

“I loved the complicated truths I was discovering in learning legalese.  Truthfully though it all became too much for me and I’m more of a writer/poet/homesteader/wild crafter/forager/canner than I am a legalese freedom fighter.
When we began to see this person’s world for what it was, we began asking questions…”


Rim Job – Falling off the flat Earth and disappearing up our arses!
- Niall Murphy

“This episode starts with a comedy sketch involving falling off the flat Earth and being teleported to safety. No spoilers!

Other subjects include how Tolkein’s different subspecies in the Hobbit and Lord of the Rings – namely the Elves, Men, Wizards, Dwarves and Hobbits – are an analogue for Carl Jung’s archetypes, and that maybe Tolkein and Jung were tapping into the same phenomena via different disciplines. He elaborates on Thomas Sheridan’s theory about how the Orcs represent the toxicity which has infected the alternative/truth movement, and compares this to Paul Levy’s Wetiko phenomenon.”


New Breakaway Odessa Republic Is Announced in Ukraine to Join Donetsk and Luhansk Republics

‘A group of residents in the region of Odessa, one of Ukraine’s largest cities, is trying to break away from the Ukrainian government that was formed after the coup in Kiev in February 2014.

As the first anniversary approaches of the 2 May 2014 massacre by U.S.-backed Ukrainian Government thugs against pamphleteers in Odessa’s Trade Unions Building, who had opposed the 22 February 2014 U.S. coup in Ukraine, there has been forming in Odessa a movement for complete independence from the U.S.-coup-imposed Ukrainian regime. Ukraine’s U.S.-imposed regime’s response is to crush this incipient movement before word of its existence can even get out to the rest of the world.’

Read more: New Breakaway Odessa Republic Is Announced in Ukraine to Join Donetsk and Luhansk Republics

Google brings Android apps to the desktop

It’s the sort of announcement that could be written off as a late April Fools — Google is aiming to make Android apps compatible with any machine that can run the Chrome browser. 

The new Arc Welder tool serves as a wrapper for apps designed for smartphones or tablets, allowing them to run in a desktop environment, expanding on the developer-focused Arc tool that’s been in place since September 2014.

By: Matt Kamen,

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1,000-year-old underground passage discovered in the Caha Mountains of Ireland

http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/1000-year-old-underground-passage-discovered-caha-mountains-ireland-002896 By April Holloway Workers operating an excavator during a road-widening project in the Caha mountain range in County Cork made a surprising discovery, when they accidentally made an opening in the earth that exposed an ancient underground passageway.  Archaeologists said that the tunnel had been dug through solid rock around 1,000 years ago. According to …Continue Reading Here

The post 1,000-year-old underground passage discovered in the Caha Mountains of Ireland appeared first on Galactic Connection.

Daily Show’s Trevor Noah under fire for Twitter jokes about Jews and women

Trevor Noah – the surprise choice to succeed Jon Stewart as high-profile host of satirical news program The Daily Show – has come under fire for a series of controversial tweets he posted before his appointment.

The South African comedian – son of a Swiss-German father and half-Jewish South African mother – was criticised for having made tasteless jokes about Jews …

Confronting the triangles

When it comes to The Great Taboo, everyone’s got an angle. Few are as unique as David Marler’s specialization bonanza — Triangular UFOs: An Estimate… Read more »

Birch Juice; Divine Nectar

Beryozovy Sok (Birch juice) is the sap from a Birch tree. It is a water-like sweet liquid. It’s the only kind of juice in Russia that is venerated in songs about the love of the Motherland.

The ancient Slavs worshiped various Pagan gods and Birch was one of the most sacred trees. At that time it was forbidden to take the …

"I’m really scared": Isaiah Rider speaks out after being kidnapped and abused by profiteering medical system

(NaturalNews) Yet another case of medical kidnapping by the government has surfaced in America, this time involving a 17-year-old young man from Missouri who’s currently being held captive by the Illinois Department of Children & Family Services (DCFS) with no end in sight.Isaiah…

Europe plots renewed antitrust fight against Google

A storm is brewing at the European Commission...

The European Commission is allegedly preparing to launch antitrust charges against Google. If it goes ahead, it will be the latest move in an ongoing battle against the search giant’s market dominance that has lasted five years.

Sources have revealed to the Wall Street Journal that the Commission has been seeking permission from shopping and travel companies to make public complaints they had previously filed confidentially. The paper reports that complainants were approached at the end of February and given days to respond. A lawyer representing one of Google’s rivals told the WSJ the move has all the hallmarks of an imminent antitrust charge in the making. 

By: Liat Clark,

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Posthuman Factors

Posthumans will necessarily push the boundaries of human factors, ergonomics, HCI (human computer interaction) and HRI (human robot interaction).  Some of the interactions to be accounted for are interpersonal—how will a posthuman talk to other humans in a given context?

Posthumans will have an interaction and interface legacy situation.  They will have to maintain old bodily and social languages, protocols, etc. for backwards-compatibility with stock humans.  Sometimes the solution to that may fall squarely into the realm of computers and networks, e.g. the people might communicate only indirectly through various software interfaces and filters.  Sometimes the solutions may involve other physical entities such as robots.

An aside: on the subject of interface standards, certainly there will be pressures (such as the market) to make posthuman technology that various types of humans find functional and convenient, which leads to at least some adoption of common standards.  But sometimes companies and people do not adhere to common standards.  Current technology interfaces are often defined by open standards, but sometimes they are not completely open (e.g., royalties are to be paid to an organization), or they are proprietary and/or secret.  Sometimes the proprietary protocols and formats become popular; those proprietary standards are often reverse-engineered, however the originator can redefine the protocol/format at its whim causing at least temporary incompatibilities.  Whether they are reverse-engineered or not, many implementations are incomplete or break the specification.  Thus there is no guarantee, at least based on human history, that any given posthuman technology will be compatible with anything else.  Perhaps we will eventually curtail this situation with more adaptive protocols combined with smarter technology companies.


Even if you are a brain in a vat or a pure information entity living in a computer-based system, you will need interfaces in the form of protocols.  Protocols will start with our current ones, but eventually posthumans may require more advanced protocols.  For instance, a protocol set specific to posthumans might be mental-capability handshaking and mind docking.  But the physical substrate can still rear its ugly head.  An example of this harsh reality: a superintelligence in Australia is conversing with a superintelligence in the United States about superstring theory and right at the cusp of a breakthrough a shark chomps through the undersea fiber trunk and science is set back 100 years.

If that example is not far out enough for the audience, then you could instead imagine faster-than-light intercommunications between intelligence clusters spread across the galaxy.  But one day the nature of the universe fluctuates (due to to the actions of enemy alien super-intelligences), rendering the physical properties that FTL depended on obsolete, which results in disintegrating the entire intergalactic intelligence cloud.

Of course, eventually, one would expect supersmart entities to find more robust solutions for information-based intelligence.  The point of this section was to illustrate just one of the many interface issues which are amplified by posthuman technology.

Change and Feedback

The discipline of human factors can already predict problems that will occur when trying to design and integrate a piece of technology into a system, and these problems apply to posthuman technology as well.  But posthumans make things even more complex: the biological aspect may no longer be constant.  Human factors, ergonomics, HCI and HRI all depend on a relatively static biological norm.  Occasional humans fall out of the normal ranges but for most humans a fit can be made.  Not necessarily so with posthumans.  Advanced drugs, gene therapy, physical modifications, etc. could change the physical properties of a person.  Likewise with cyborg parts and androids.  Cognitive enhancements will totally change the psychological aspect of design.  User centered interaction design depends on known cognitive relationships which are no longer necessarily true when the user is non-human.

The main problem that human factors has to deal with already, which will be amplified by posthumans, is accounting for changes due to adoption of the technology being introduced [1].

Imagine a group of people on a mission, for instance to colonize another planet.  Let’s say we give them all cognitive enhancement A.  This changes how they do their jobs, sometimes in unexpected ways.  Then we develop cognitive enhancement B—but to design B we have to redefine the user as user+A and take into account the changes in the mission operation due to A.  Once again, B changes not only their minds but also how they do their jobs, sometimes in unexpected ways.  Now we design computer interface 2, but to do that we have to redefine human factors and HCI for users with cognitive enhancement B and the usage is for the new B-enhanced mission.  Computer interface 2 also changes how they do their job, sometimes in unexpected ways.  And so on.

It seems that the difficulty and rate of change will be increasing for human factors and interface design, however there is one counterargument against difficulty.  One of the limitations of modeling or observing an interaction is that the internal mechanisms of the human behavior are largely unknown [2].  But, we will know most of the internal mechanisms of posthumans and AIs.  However, human factors will need to be equipped with sufficiently advanced tools for modeling and predicting posthuman behavior in a context even if the design of the posthuman or AI is known.

Human factors may also have to adapt to additional feedback loops, such as when the designers of technology are themselves posthumans who are potentially also being rapidly updated.  Hopefully, this will lead to a trend towards better predictions of effects of technological change and/or faster dynamics to handle and redesign due to the effects.


[1] Woods, David, and Dekker, Sidney, “Anticipating the effects of technological change: a new era of dynamics for human factors,”Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 272-282, 2000.

[2] Rouse, William B., Systems Engineering Models of Human-Machine Interaction. New York: Elsevier North Holland, 1980, pp. 129-132.



Apparently a concept I developed in my spare time in 2009, which I dubbed “posthuman factors,” is very similar to some guy’s PhD dissertation in 2010 in which he also used the term posthuman factors. (And I don’t mean everything in his dissertation, but there’s a lot of overlap.)

I recently learned of this through a Wikipedia article I discovered (created in April 2011 by user Nikiburri, subsequently deleted) called “Posthuman factors.” It has a good summary:

In general, posthuman factors addresses the intersection of design practices that includes (1) the design of posthumans, (2) designing for such posthumans, especially in safe and sustainable ways, and (3) designing the design methodologies that will supersede human-centered design (i.e., “posthuman-centered design”, or the processes of design that posthumans employ).

It cites my IEET article “Why You Should Care About (Post)Human Factors,” published Jan 8, 2010, and also claims that posthuman factors was first “articulated” by Dr. Haakon Faste in his Jan 2010 doctoral dissertation “Posthuman Factors: How Perceptual Robotic Art Will Save Humanity from Extinction.”

Most likely we were both thinking about it and writing about it at around the same time (one would assume that, as with my articles mentioned above, the writing actually started in 2009). And then there are whatever projects that lead to this particular synthesis of concepts; e.g. in my case it connects at least as far back to my attempt to describe an interface point of view for future human/robot/posthuman/etc. interactions (“Would You Still Love Me If I Was A Robot?“).

The Posthuman factors page has a link to a wikipedia page for Haakon Faste (created by the same user Nikiburri) which informs us that he is a leading figure in the field of posthuman factors and that he coined the term in 2010. But I posted this article, originally under the title,  “Do We Need a Posthuman Factors Discipline?”,  in December 2009 on my blog, so I guess that means I coined it first. It’s nice to know that I started a new field. And I’m pleased that at least one other person is thinking about these issues.

[Editor’s note: Haakon Faste is I believe the son of well loved Stanford prof and product design guru Rolf Faste. 

Both Rolf and Haakan Faste’s publications are worth reading including Haakon’s thesis. See http://fastefoundation.org/publications/index_chronological.html and also http://www.haakonfaste.com/]


Samuel H. Kenyon is an amateur AI researcher, software engineer, interaction designer, actor, and writer. He blogs at http://synapticnulship.com/ where this post previously appeared. Republished under creative commons license.

The post Posthuman Factors appeared first on h+ Media.

Cmoar VR headset echoes Oculus’ Kickstarter success


A new player has entered the rapidly growing virtual reality field: Polish studio Cmoar. Its eponymous VR headset has achieved its funding goal on Kickstarter, reaching $120,249 (£81,310) on an initial ask of $100k. The device is expected to ship to backers in June 2015.

The hardware is closer to Samsung Gear VR than Oculus Rift, focusing on smartphone integration into the headset, and compatible with both Android and iPhone models. The caddy that holds your phone in place is adjustable, so screens from 4″ to 5.7″ will fit. Cmoar claims compatibility with over 150 handsets, including the recent iPhone 6.

By: Matt Kamen,

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House Members Target Patriot Act with “Surveillance State Repeal Act”

http://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/20560-house-members-target-patriot-act-with-surveillance-state-repeal-act By Raven Clabough U.S. Representatives Mark Pocan (D-Wis.) and Thomas Massie (R-Ky.), who are seeking to repeal the PATRIOT Act in its entirety and combat any legal provisions that amount to American spying, unveiled their Surveillance State Repeal Act on Tuesday. “This isn’t just tinkering around the edges,” Pocan said during a Capitol Hill …Continue Reading Here

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CCTV Looking Out For Them Not You

the Home Office told local authorities to talk up any apparent successes of CCTV

Interview 1024 – Tjeerd Andringa Exposes the Kakistocracy

Kakistocracy is defined as “rule by the worst.” Today on the program Dr. Tjeerd Andringa of the University of Groningen joins us to discuss his theory of how the kakistocracy uses child abuse to perpetuate their control, both over the victims of that abuse and its perpetrators. We also discuss what the vast majority of decent and moral people can do about this problem.

Boston Defendant is Drugged & Defenseless

America’s transition to a police state continues with a 1930’s-style Stalinist show trial.

What kind of country commits acts of terror and frames an innocent 21-year-old man who cannot defend himself because he has been drugged?

The US is satanically possessed by the same insidious force behind Communism.

As the jury deliberates today, certainly Dzhokhar Tsarnaev’s will be sentenced…

Iran must end ‘aggression’ for sanctions relief: Netanyahu

‘”Instead of lifting the restrictions on Iran’s nuclear facilities and programme at a fixed date, a better deal would link the lifting of these restrictions to an end of Iran’s aggression in the region, its worldwide terrorism and its threats to annihilate Israel,” he said in a statement.

Earlier, Netanyahu warned the Islamic republic could not be trusted.

“To my regret, all of the things I warned about vis-a-vis the framework agreement that was put together in Lausanne are coming true before our eyes,” Netanyahu’s office quoted him as saying, referring to the Swiss city where the framework deal was agreed.

“This framework gives the leading terrorist state in the world a certain path to nuclear bombs,” he said.

“How can such a country be trusted?”‘

Read more: Iran must end 'aggression' for sanctions relief: Netanyahu

‘Runeblade’ is the pioneer of an Apple Watch game goldrush

Across the world customers (and intrigued passers-by) are right now trying on the Apple Watch, picking their favourite straps and making pre-orders. Quite soon, a healthy number of them are likely to be receiving their very own units. They’ll configure the health features, send some messages, download Twitter. And then, if there’s one thing you can be sure of, they’ll try to download some games.

The concept of playable games on a 38mm or 42mm device might seem bizarre. It’s certainly difficult to see how a screen that small could deliver anything approaching the quality of the best iOS games and in truth — at least at first — it may prove that the Apple Watch’s battery and processor are too weak to sustain the category.

But that doesn’t mean developers aren’t getting ready to try. And at least one has unveiled a design for a full(ish) scale RPG that looks like it will give you a reason to prod your shiny new Watch when it arrives in April (or August).

By: Michael Rundle,

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Breakthrough Propulsion Physics


The term breakthrough propulsion refers to concepts like space drives and faster-than-light travel, the kind of breakthroughs that would make interstellar travel practical.

warp.field_This research falls within the realm of physics instead of technology, with the distinction being that physics is about uncovering the laws of nature while technology is about applying that physics to build useful devices. Since existing technology is inadequate for traversing astronomical distances between neighboring stars (even if advanced to the limit of its underlying physics), the only way to circumvent these limits is to discover new propulsion physics. The discovery of new force-production and energy-exchange principles would lead to a whole new class of technologies. This is the motivation of breakthrough propulsion physics research.

Objectively, the desired breakthroughs might turn out to be impossible, but progress is not made by conceding defeat. Reciprocally, breakthroughs have a habit of taking pessimists by surprise, but can equally remain elusive. By proceeding in small, incremental steps that focus on the immediate questions and by emphasizing the reliability of the findings rather than their long-range implications, relevant and dependable knowledge will result. Regardless of whether the breakthroughs are found, this inquiry provides an additional perspective with which to seek answers to the lingering unknowns of our universe.

Status of the NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics (BPP) Project

All NASA support to sustain cognizance on these possibilities has been withdrawn as of October 1, 2008. The final NASA contribution was to assist in the compilation of a graduate-level technical book, Frontiers of Propulsion Science, which is due out in early 2009. This book (750 pages, hardback) will be volume 227 of the series, Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics Series, which will be published by American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).

Prior to this point, the project’s leader, Marc G. Millis, continued to monitor and assess a variety of ongoing research with the assistance of an informal network of volunteers scattered across academia, industry, various NASA Centers, and other Federal labs. During that time, several publications were completed to document the progress made. When funding for active research was available, which ran from 1996 to 2002, the project oversaw research into 8 different approaches, produced 16 peer-reviewed journal articles, and an award-winning website (Warp-When), all for a total investment of less than $1.6M. Also during that funded time, the BPP Project coordinated with related research funded at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. With the implementation of the 2003 Federal Budget (p.325), all advanced propulsion research was deferred, including these research efforts.

Status of Research

No breakthroughs appear imminent. This is a nascent field where a variety of concepts and issues are being explored in the scientific literature, beginning since about the early 1990s. The collective status is still at step 1 and 2 of the scientific method, “defining the problem” and “collecting data,” but a small number of approaches are already at step 4, “testing hypotheses;” with experiments underway.

Cautionary note: On a topic this visionary and whose implications are profound, there is a risk of encountering, premature conclusions in the literature, driven by overzealous enthusiasts as well as pedantic pessimists. The most productive path is to seek out and build upon publications that focus on the critical make-break issues and lingering unknowns, both from the innovators’ perspective and their skeptical challengers. Avoid works with broad-sweeping and unsubstantiated claims, either supportive or dismissive.

Breakthrough Propulsion — Interim Report

The term, propulsion breakthrough, refers to concepts like propellantless space drives and faster-than-light travel, the kind of breakthroughs that would make interstellar exploration practical. Although no such breakthroughs appear imminent, a variety of investigations have begun. From 1996-2002, NASA supported the Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project to examine physics in the context of breakthrough spaceflight. Three facets of these assessments are now reported: (1) predicting benefits, (2) selecting research, and (3) recent technical progress. Predicting benefits is challenging since the breakthroughs are still only notional concepts, but energy can serve as a basis for comparison. A hypothetical space drive would require many orders of magnitude less energy than a rocket for journeys to our nearest neighboring star. Assessing research options is challenging when the goals are beyond known physics and when the implications of success are profound. To mitigate the challenges, a selection process is described where: (a) research tasks are constrained to only address the immediate unknowns, curious effects or critical issues, (b) reliability of assertions is more important than their implications , and (c) reviewers judge credibility rather than feasibility . The recent findings of a number of tasks, some selected using this process, are discussed. Of the 14 tasks included, 6 reached null conclusions, 4 remain unresolved, and 4 have opportunities for sequels. A dominant theme with the sequels is research about the properties of space, inertial frames, and the quantum vacuum.

Confronted by the physical limits of rocketry and space sails, NASA supported the Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project from 1996 to 2002. [1-3 ] As its name suggests, the project specifically looked for propulsion breakthroughs from physics rather than refinements of technology. By breakthroughs, it is meant new propulsion methods to make human voyages to other star systems possible. Theories and phenomena in recent scientific literature provide new approaches to seek such breakthroughs, including warp drives, [4 ] wormholes, [5 ] vacuum fluctuation energy, [ 6 ] and emerging physics in general.
This report focuses on the following 3 challenges of this pursuit: (1) predicting benefits, (2) selecting the best research approaches, and (3) summarizing recent technical progress. To predict benefits, a number of different assessments are offered. Since little has been published toward quantifying benefits, a variety of analyses are offered to set the groundwork for future assessments. The second challenge, that of selecting the best research approaches, is addressed by summarizing the key management strategies from the NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project. [ 3 ] And finally, extracts from recent research findings [ 2 ] are compiled with attention drawn to the most immediate research questions.

Predicting Benefits

Gauging the potential benefits of undiscovered propulsion breakthroughs is challenging, but addressable. The major difficulty is that such breakthroughs are still only notional concepts rather than being a specific method from which performance can be unambiguously calculated. One prior assessment considered a Voyager-sized spacecraft using a hypothetical space drive to show that the trip time to reach our nearest neighboring star could be decreased by a factor of 6.5 just by using the leftover power of Voyager’s generators. [7 ] Another recent assessment considered a rocket with hypothetical modifications of inertia and gravity and showed that the benefits would be trivial. [ 8 ] Performance estimates vary considerably depending on the methods and assumptions. To pave the way for a more complete suite of assessments, a variety of methods are introduced here along with a few examples that are worked out. A key feature is that the basis of comparison isenergy , rather than using the metrics of rocketry. Discussion on the pitfalls of using rocketry metrics for assessing breakthrough spaceflight is also provided.

Assessing Hypothetical Inertial Modifications: A recent publication took a first step toward assessing the potential benefits of hypothetical inertial and gravitational control, but did so in terms of rocketry. [8 ] A modified rocket equation was used to demonstrate that naive modifications of gravity or inertia do not produce much benefit. Although an important first step to help correct misconceptions, this assessment did not include many other relevant comparisons. As an example of a limitation, the analysis applied its hypothetical inertial change equally to both the propellant and the vehicle. There is no benefit in this case. One could equally assume that only the inertia of the expelled propellant were increased while the inertia of the vehicle remained the same, in which case there would be more benefit.

To illustrate this alternative, the rocket equation can be derived for the hypothetical case where the expelled propellant’s inertia is increased as it is accelerated out of the rocket. The inertial modification is not applied to the rest of the rocket or the stored propellant. It is important to stress that this is only a hypothetical example to illustrate the sensitivity of the findings to the methods, rather than to suggest that this is a realistic potential breakthrough. Numerous variations on this analysis are possible. Starting with conservation of momentum, where the momentum of the rocket in one direction must equal the momentum of expelled propellant in the other, a coefficient, δ , has been inserted to represent this inertial modification:

Equation 1


The left side of the equation represents the momentum of the expelled propellant and the right side represents the corresponding momentum of the accelerated rocket, and where;

dm = incremental mass of expelled propellantve = exhaust velocity of propellant (opposite to the motion of the rocket, hence the negative sign)dv = incremental change in velocity of the rocketm = mass of the rocket (including stored propellant)δ = degree of inertia modification, where a δ of 1 represents no modification, greater than 1 is an increase, and less than 1 is a decrease.

From this starting equation, the following equation for the rocket’s change in velocity, ∆v, can be derived [ 9]:


Equation 2



∆v = change in velocity of the rocketmi = initial mass of the rocket before the expulsion of propellantmf = final mass of the rocket after the expulsion of propellant

This is identical to the celebrated Tsiolkovsky equation of 1903, [ 10] with the exception of the presence of the term, δ, for the inertial modification. This means that a delta of 1.10, representing a 10% increase in the expelled propellant’s inertia, would yield a 10% increase in delta-v. While this appears encouraging, it should be remarked that there are at present no known techniques to affect such a change in propellant inertia and that this result only illustrates the potential advantage of hypothetical inertial modifications.

An additional issue to pursue would be to calculate the energy required to support this hypothetical change in propellant inertia. Again, the main point of the exercise is to reveal that different approaches will yield significantly different results. The implications of Equation 2 are considerably different than the null finding that occurs when one applies the inertial modification to both sides of the equation.

Limits of Rocketry Analyses for Breakthroughs: When using the metrics of an incumbent technology to assess the potential of a new technology, results can be misleading. The example above is just one illustration of how two different assumptions of hypothetical inertial control can lead to very different predictions.

Another misleading use of the rocket equation is the common practice of assigning an infinite specific impulse to describe a propellantless space drive. Although based on a reasonable extrapolation where higher specific impulse leads to less propellant, this also leads to the conclusion that a propellantless space drive would require infinite energy. As shown later, this is not necessarily the case. Furthermore, since specific impulse is a measure of the thrust per propellant weight flow rate, it has no real meaning if there is no propellant flow.

Using the rocket equation to describe something that is not likely to involve a rocket is about as misleading as using the metrics of sailing ships to assess steamships. [ 11] Although reduced sail area is indeed a consequence of steamships, the true benefit is that shipping can continue regardless of the wind conditions and with far more maneuvering control. Similarly, the benefits of breakthrough inertial or gravity control would likely surpass the operational conventions of rocketry. Although comparisons built on the incumbent methods might be useful for introductory purposes, a deeper understanding of the benefits and research approaches are better illustrated by using a common and more basic metric. For spaceflight, whether via rockets or space drives, energy is a better basis for comparison.

Deep Space Propulsion Energy: This next assessment deals with deep space travel. Both a rocket and a hypothetical space drive will be compared in terms of energy. A space drive is defined as: “an idealized form of propulsion where the fundamental properties of matter and spacetime are used to create propulsive forces anywhere in space without having to carry and expel a reaction mass.” [ 12] For this exercise it can be thought simply as a device that converts potential energy directly into kinetic energy. Since issues such as momentum conservation are addressed in the cited reference, they will not be repeated here.

For this introductory exercise, the following assumptions are used. To more fully understand the challenges, it would be fruitful to repeat the analysis using different assumptions:

– Both the rocket and the space drive are assumed to be 100% efficient with their energy conversions.
– The thrusting duration is assumed to be much shorter than the trip duration, which for interstellar travel is reasonable.
– For the rocket, constant exhaust velocity is assumed.
– Non-relativistic trip velocity and exhaust velocity are assumed.
– The energy requirements for a rendezvous mission are based on equal ∆v’s for acceleration and deceleration.

Since a space drive has been defined as a device that converts potential energy into kinetic energy, the basic equation of kinetic energy is used to represent the space drive energy, where the values of vehicle mass and mission delta-v will be the same as with the rocket.

Equation 3



m = mass of the vehicle without the propellant∆v = required change in velocity for the mission

To compare the energy of a rocket to a space drive that does not use propellant, we need an equation for rocket energy where the propellant mass is represented in terms of the vehicle’s mass and the∆v of the mission. Combining the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation with the equation representing the energy imparted to the propellant from the rocket’s frame of reference, the following approximation for rocket energy can be derived. [ 9] This is consistent with the previously stated assumptions:

Equation 4


Two things are important to note regarding the energy differences between a rocket and a hypothetical space drive. First, the energy for a given ∆v scales as an exponent for a rocket and scales as a square for a space drive. This by itself is significant, but it is important to point out that a rocket and a space drive treat additional maneuvers differently. For a rocket it is conventional to talk in terms of increases to ∆v for additional maneuvers. For space drives, however, the additional maneuvers are in terms of additional kinetic energy. To illustrate this difference, consider a mission consisting of multiple maneuvers ( n) each having the same incremental change in velocity ( ∆v i). Notice the location of the term representing the number ( n) of repeated maneuvers (∆v i), in the following two equations:

Equation 5a (Rocket maneuvers)



Equation 5b
(Space drive maneuvers)


In the case of the space drive, additional maneuvers scale linearly, while for rockets they scale exponentially. This is another example to highlight why rocket conventions can be misleading when contemplating space drives.

Numerical Example: To put this into perspective, consider a representative mission of sending a 5000 kg probe over a distance of 5 light-years in a 50-year timeframe. This range is representative of the distance to our nearest neighboring star (4.3 light-years) and the 50-yr time frame is chosen as one short enough to be within the threshold of a human career span, yet long enough to be treated with non-relativistic equations. This equates to a required trip velocity of 10% lightspeed. The probe size of 5000 kg is roughly that of the Voyager probe plus the dry mass of the Centaur Upper Stage (4075 kg) that propelled it out of Earth’s orbit. [7] The comparison is made for both a flyby mission and a rendezvous mission.

Before proceeding, a limit should be brought to attention. For these introductory exercises, the comparisons are non-relativistic. For rockets, this implies limiting the exhaust velocity to ≤ 10% lightspeed. This corresponds to a specific impulse limit of 3 x 10^6 s, which is found by setting the exhaust velocity to 10% light speed in the following equation relating specific impulse to exhaust velocity [ 13]:

Equation 6


Isp = “Specific Impulse” (seconds) which is a measure of the rocket’s propellant efficiency, specifically the amount of thrust per propellant weight flow rate.
g = Earth’s gravitational field = 9.8 m/s^2.


The results of the comparisons are listed in Table I. The rocket case is calculated for two different specific impulses, one set at the upper non-relativistic limit previously described, and another set at an actual high value achieved during electric propulsion lab tests. [ 14] The Space Drive Improvement column is the ratio of the rocket energy to the space drive energy.

Table one

Even in the case of the non-relativistic upper limit to specific impulse – an incredibly high-performance hypothetical rocket – the space drive uses a factor of 2 to 3 less energy. When compared to attainable values of specific impulse – values that are still considerably higher than that currently used in practice – the benefits of a space drive are enormous. Even for just a flyby mission, the gain is 72 orders of magnitude. When considering a rendezvous mission, the gain is almost 150 orders of magnitude. Again, though these results are intriguing, they should only be interpreted as the magnitude of gains sought by breakthrough propulsion research. Other assessments and results are possible.

Earth to Orbit Energy: Consider next the case of lifting an object off the surface of the Earth and placing it into orbit. This requires energy expenditures both for the altitude change and for the speed difference between the Earth’s surface and the orbital velocity. For the hypothetical space drive, this energy expenditure can be represented as:

Equation 7


Where ∆U is the potential energy change associated with the altitude change, and ∆K is the kinetic energy change associated with different speeds at the Earth’s surface and at orbit. The change in potential energy, which requires expending work to raise a mass in a gravitational field, is represented by:

Equation 8


G = Newton’s gravitational constant
M Earth = mass of the Earth
m = mass of the spacecraft
r = distance from the center of the Earth
r Orbit = radius of the orbit as measured from the center of the Earth
r Surface = radius of the Earth’s surface

The change in kinetic energy requires solving for the orbital velocity and the velocity of the Earth’s surface and can be shown to take this form [ 9]:

Equation 9(9)


For the case of placing the shuttle orbiter ( m = 9.76 x 10^4 kg ) into a typical low Earth orbit (altitude = 400 km; r orbit = 6.67 x 10^6 m), the energy required is found to be 3.18 x 10^12 Joules.

To assess the required energy for a rocket to accomplish the same mission, the following equation is used [ 10]:

Equation 10


Where the new terms are:

F = Rocket thrusting force
t = Thrusting duration

The parenthetical term is the rocket power, which is mentioned for two reasons: to show this additional form of the rocket equation and to introduce the idea of contemplating power in addition to just energy. While power implications are not explored here in detail, they constitute a fertile area for further study.

Entering the following values for the Space Shuttle System (extracted from “STS-3 Thirds Space Shuttle Mission Press Kit, March 82,” Release #82-29), the total energy for delivering the Shuttle orbiter via rockets is found to be 1.14 x 10^13 Joules.

Space Shuttle Main Engines:

Quantity = 3
Thrust, F = 470 x 10^3 lbs (2.1 x 10^6 Newtons) thrust/engine
Specific Impulse, Isp = 453 s
Burn Duration, t = 514 s

Solid Rocket Boosters:

Quantity = 2
Thrust, F = 2.9 x 10^6 lbs (12.9 x 10^6 Newtons) thrust/booster
Specific Impulse, Isp = 266 s
Burn Duration, t = 126 s

Orbital Maneuvering System Engines:

Quantity = 2
Thrust, F = 6 x 10^3 lbs (27 x 10^3 Newtons) thrust/engine
Specific Impulse, Isp = 313 s
Burn Duration, t = 200s
Comparing this rocket energy value to the hypothetical space drive energy, where the efficiency of both systems is assumed to be 100%, indicates that the space drive is 3.58 times more energy efficient. When compared to the benefits of interstellar space drives, however, this gain is small. From these cursory analyses, space drives do not appear as attractive for launching spacecraft into low orbit as they do for high ∆v missions or missions that require many maneuvers. Again, such introductory comparisons should not be taken too literally. These assessments are provided to demonstrate that there are a variety of ways to assess the potential benefits of propulsion breakthroughs.Levitation Energy: Levitation is an excellent challenge to illustrate how contemplating breakthrough propulsion is different from contemplating rocketry. Rockets can hover, but not for very long before they run out of propellant. For an ideal breakthrough, some form of indefinitelevitation is desirable, but there is no clear way how to represent the energy or power to perform this feat. Since physics defines work (energy) as the product of force acting over distance, no work is performed if there is no change in distance. Levitation means hovering with no change in height. Regardless, there are a variety of ways to toy with the notion of energy and power for indefinite levitation. A few of these approaches are listed in the next session. For now, only one approach is illustrated, specifically the nullification of gravitational potential.An object in a gravitational field has the following defined value for its gravitational potential energy:

Equation 11


Usually this definition is used to compare energy differences between two relatively short differences in height ( r) but in our situation we are considering this potential energy in the more absolute sense. This same equation for potential energy can also be derived by calculating how much energy it would take to completely remove the object from the gravitational field, as if moving it to infinity. This is more in line with the analogy to nullify the effect of gravitational energy. This is also the same amount of energy that is required to stop an object at the levitation height ( r) if it were falling in from infinity with an initial velocity of zero.

Using this equation, it could conceivably require 62 mega-Joules to levitate 1-kg near the Earth’s surface. This is roughly twice as much as putting 1-kg into low Earth orbit. Again, these assessments are strictly for illustrative purposes rather than suggesting that such breakthroughs are achievable or if they would even take this form if achievable. Some starting point for comparisons is needed, and this is just one version.

List of Possible Assessments: As illustrated with these introductory examples, there are a number of different ways to assess the potential benefits of breakthrough physics propulsion. To continue with deeper inquiry, a variety of missions and assumptions can be addressed. The following list is just a starting point for further analyses. Those items marked in bold font are the ones already introduced in this paper.


1. Deep space travel (motion from point A to B without external forces):

a. Rocketry baselines:

i. Non-relativistic Energy (velocity less than 10% lightspeed):

1. Constant exhaust velocity and short thrust durations.
2. Constant thrust.
3. Constant acceleration.
4. Optimized for minimum trip times.

ii. Relativistic Energy (cases 1-4 above repeated with relativistic corrections).

b. Space Drive motion using mechanical analogies:

i. Non-relativistic Energy:

1. Simple kinetic energy differences.
2. Kinetic energy under constant acceleration.
3. Kinetic energy under constant power.

ii. Relativistic Energy (cases 1-3 above repeated with relativistic corrections).

c. Space Drive motion using geometric spacetime analyses:

i. Creating a pseudo geodesic – reshaping spacetime to induce the preferred freefall trajectory.
ii. Warp Drive – moving a section of spacetime. [ 4]
iii. Wormhole – moving through a shortcut in spacetime. [ 5]
iv. Krasnikov tube – creating a faster-than-light geodesic. [ 15]

2. Ascent to orbit (motion in a gravitational field with the destination being a stable orbit):

a. Rocketry ascent baselines:

i. Space Shuttle System data.
ii. Generic staged rocket ascent.

b. Space Drive ascent using mechanical analogies:

i. Simple kinetic and potential energy differences using Space Shuttle data.
ii. Ascent under constant power.


3. Levitating in a gravitational field:

a. Rocketry levitation baseline: Levitation duration at the Earth’s surface.
b. Space Drive levitation using mechanical analogies;

i. Normal physics definition of work, where zero change in height equates to zero energy expenditure.
ii. Comparison to continual down thrust of a reaction mass (rocket and helicopter analogy).
iii. Comparison to normal accelerated motion in free space, where distance is traversed.
iv. By negating gravitational potential, as if moving a mass to infinity.
v. Comparing to kinetic energy associated with escape velocity.
vi. Thermodynamic approach: Seeking equations for the energy and power to keep a system in a stationary state away from its equilibrium condition, where the equilibrium condition is defined as free-fall motion in a gravitational field and the stable non-equilibrium condition is defined as levitation at a given height.
vii. Assuming a “gravity shield,” but for illustrative purposes consider it located under half of a vertical wheel to calculate the energy associated with the increasing rotation rate of the wheel.
viii. Calculating the energy of oscillation about an median hovering height, but where an energy cost is incurred for both the upward and downward excursions, and where damping losses are included.
ix. Analyze using the “impulse” treatment (force x duration, rather than force x distance).

c. Space Drive levitation in terms of geometric general relativity – inducing a null geodesic where the local freefall path is a stationary trajectory.


Selecting the Best Approaches

A normal challenge of any research project is directing limited resources to the best prospects. The hunt for incredible breakthroughs faces the additional challenge of making credible progress. Because the desired propulsion breakthroughs are presumably far from fruition and provocative, specific strategies were devised in the course of the NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project to mitigate the risks and maximize progress. [ 3] This Project employed the operating strategies described below. Other details, such as the specific selection criteria, evaluations equations, review process, and lessons learned, are presented in the cited reference.

Reliability: Although it is a common practice when advocating research to emphasize the ultimate technical benefits, this practice is not constructive on topics as visionary and provocative as breakthrough spaceflight. Instead, it is more constructive to emphasize the reliability of the information being offered. Compared to other propulsion research, new propulsion physics is at its infancy. It is expected, therefore, that any practical embodiment is years, perhaps decades away, if not impossible. Although breakthroughs, by their very definition, happen sooner than expected, no breakthrough is genuine until it has been proven to be genuine. Hence, the reliability of the information is a paramount prerequisite to the validity of any conclusions. To place the emphasis where it is needed, no research approach should be considered unless credibility is satisfactorily addressed, regardless of the magnitude of claimed benefit. Success is defined as acquiring reliableknowledge, rather than as achieving a breakthrough.

Immediacy: Another technique to shift the emphasis away from provocative situations and toward constructive practices is to focus the research on the immediate questions at hand. These immediate unknowns, issues, and curious effects can be identified by comparing established and emerging physics to the ultimate propulsion goals. The scope of any research task should ideally be set to the minimum level of effort needed to resolve an immediate “go/no-go” decision on a particular approach. This near-term focus for long-range research also makes the tasks more manageable and more affordable. Specifically, it is recommended that any proposed research be configured to reach a reliable conclusion in one to three years. Should the results be promising, a sequel can be proposed in the next solicitation cycle.

Measured: To help identify a suitable research increment and to provide managers a means to measure progress, the Scientific Method can be adapted as a readiness scale in a manner similar to how the Technology Readiness Levels are used to measure technological progress. [ 16] The readiness scale developed for the BPP Project consists of three stages that gauge the applicabilityof the work (reflecting how research can evolve from the more general, to the more specific application), and within each of these 3 stages, the 5 steps of the scientific method are repeated (from recognizing the problem, through testing the hypothesis). This equates to 15 levels of relative maturity, with the most advanced level being equivalent to Technology Readiness Level 1 (Basic principles observed and reported). An abbreviated version of these ” Applied Science Readiness Levels”at topic to the next readiness level. This is consistent with the incremental research strategy. Applied Science Readiness Levels” is presented in Table 2. After a given a research objective has been ranked relative to this scale, the next logical increment of research would be to advance that topic to the next readiness level. This is consistent with the incremental research strategy.


General Physics – deals with general underlying physics related to the application.

SRL-1.0 Pre-science (Unconfirmed effect or new information connection)
SRL-1.1 Problem formulated
SRL-1.2 Data collected
SRL-1.3 Hypothesis proposed
SRL-1.4 Hypothesis tested & results reported

Critical Issues – deals with an immediate unknown, critical make-or-break issue, or curious effect relevant to the application.

SRL-2.0 Pre-science (Unconfirmed effect or new information connection)
SRL-2.1 Problem formulated
SRL-2.2 Data collected
SRL-2.3 Hypothesis proposed
SRL-2.4 Hypothesis tested & results reported

Desired Effect – deals directly with the effect required by the application (e.g. inducing forces or generating energy in the case of breakthrough propulsion applications)

SRL-3.0 Pre-science (Unconfirmed effect or new information connection)
SRL-3.1 Problem formulated
SRL-3.2 Data collected
SRL-3.3 Hypothesis proposed
SRL-3.4 Hypothesis empirically tested & results reported
(Equivalent to TRL 1: Basic principles observed and reported)
Iterated: To accumulate progress over the long term, it is recommended to solicit a suite of proposals every two to three years, and to let the findings of the prior suite influence the next round of selections. This provides an opportunity for new approaches, sequels to the positive results, and redirections around null results. At any point, if a research task leads to the discovery of a new propulsion or energy effect, it can be pulled out of this process into its own advancement plan. This strategic approach is recommended for high-gain/high-risk research, where cycles of peer-reviewed solicitations can examine a diverse portfolio of options, and where the decisions build on the lessons learned from prior cycles of research.Diversified: It is far too soon, in the course of seeking spaceflight breakthroughs, to down-select to just one or two hot topics. Instead a variety of research approaches should be investigated in each review cycle. In simple terms, this is to diversify the research portfolio. This is different than the more common practice with advanced propulsion research where further advancements are primarily sought on the technical approaches already under study. Although this more common strategy can produce advances on the chosen topics, it faces the risk of overlooking emerging alternatives and the risk that support will wane unless the chosen topics produce unambiguous positive results.Impartial: When inviting research on the edge of knowledge, controversial ideas are encountered. Considering that most historic breakthroughs originally sounded like fringe ideas, it is not surprising that many of the proposals for breakthrough spaceflight might sound too visionary at first, or at least unfamiliar. It is therefore difficult to sort out the fringe ideas that may one day evolve into tomorrow’s breakthroughs from the more numerous, erroneous ideas. During proposal reviews, it is common to have some reviewers reflexively assume that unfamiliar ideas will not work. To reliably determine technical feasibility, however, is beyond the scope of a proposal review – constituting a full research task unto itself. Instead of expecting proposal reviewers to judge technical feasibility, it is recommended to have reviewers judge if the task is leading to a result that other researchers will consider as a reliable conclusion on which to base future investigations. This includes both the possibility of determining which approaches are nonviable as well as which are candidates for deeper inquiry. This posture of judging credibility rather than pre-judging feasibility is one of the ways of being open to visionary concepts while still sustaining credibility.Empirical: When seeking advancements that can eventually lead to new technology, there is a decided preference toward tangible observations over purely analytical studies – all other factors being equal, such as cost, technical maturity, etc. Experiments, being hardware, are considered closer than theory to becoming technology. Also, experiments are considered a more direct indicator of how nature works. Theories are interpretations to explain observations of nature, while the empirical data is nature, partially revealed within the constraints of the given experiment.

Published: The final recommendation to mitigate the risks of pursuing visionary, high-gain research is to ensure that the research findings are published, regardless of outcome. Results, pro or con, set the foundations for guiding the next research directions. Although there can be a reluctance to publish null results – where a given approach is found not to work – such dissemination will prevent other researchers from repeatedly following dead-ends.

Recent Technological Progress

The findings of over a dozen separate research tasks related to breakthrough propulsion physics were recently published. [ 2] These findings are rearranged here according to which tasks proved non-viable, which remain unresolved, and which are candidates for further research. Under each of these headings, the different approaches are only briefly described, but pertinent reference citations are offered for follow-up inquiries.It should be stressed that even interim positive results do not imply that a breakthrough is inevitable. Often the opportunity for sequels is more a reflection of the embryonic state of the research. Reciprocally, a dead-end conclusion on a given task does not imply that broader topics are equally defunct. Both the null and positive results should be strictly interpreted within the context of the immediate research task. This is consistent with the operating strategy to focus on the immediate stage of the research, and the strategy to put a higher priority on the reliability of the information rather than on producing broad-sweeping claims.It should also be stressed that these task summaries do not reflect a comprehensive list. It is expected that new concepts will continue to emerge in such an embryonic field and that further, more applicable references may already be in the open literature.Non-Viable Approaches:

Oscillation Thrusters & Gyroscopic Antigravity:
Mechanical devices are often claimed to produce net external thrust using just the motion of internal components. These devices fall into two categories, oscillation thrusters and gyroscopic devices. Their appearance of creating net thrust is attributable to misinterpretations of normal mechanical effects. The following short explanations were excerpted and edited from a NASA website about commonly submitted erroneous breakthroughs. [ 17]

Oscillation thrusters move a system of internal masses through a cycle where the motion in one direction is quicker than in the return direction. When the masses are accelerated quickly, the device has enough reaction force to overcome the friction of the floor and the device slides. When the internal masses return slowly in the other direction, the reaction forces are not sufficient to overcome the friction and the device does not move. The net effect is that the device moves in one direction across a frictional surface. In a frictionless environment the system’s components would simply oscillate around their center of mass.

A gyroscopic thruster consists of a system of gyroscopes connected to a central body. When the central body is torqued, the gyros move in a way that appears to defy gravity. Actually the motion is due to gyroscopic precession and the forces are torques around the axes of the gyros’ mounts. There is no net thrust created by the system.

To keep an open, yet rigorous, mind to the possibility that there has been some overlooked physical phenomena with such devices, it would be necessary to explicitly address all the conventional objections and pass at least a pendulum test. Any test results would have to be impartial and rigorously address all possible false-positive conclusions. There has not yet been any viable theory or experiment that reliably demonstrates that a genuine, external, net thrust can be obtained with one of these devices. If such tests are ever produced, and if a genuine new effect is found, then science will have to be revised, because it would then appear that such devices are violatingconservation of momentum.

Hooper Antigravity Coils:
Experiments were conducted to test assertions from US Patent 3,610,971, by W. J. Hooper that self-canceling electromagnetic coils can reduce the weight of objects placed underneath. No weight changes were observed within the detectability of the instrumentation. More careful examination led to the conclusion that Hooper may have misinterpreted thermal effects as his “Motional Field” effects. [ 18]

Schlicher Thrusting Antenna:
Tests of a specially terminated coax, that was claimed to create more thrust than attributable to photon radiation pressure, revealed that no such thrust was present. [ 19]

Podkletnov Gravity Shield:
A controversial claim of “gravity shielding” using rotating superconductors and radio-frequency radiation was published based on work done at Finland’s Tampere Institute. [20] A privately funded replication of the Podkletnov configuration “found no evidence of a gravity-like force to the limits of the apparatus sensitivity,” where the sensitivity was “50 times better than that available to Podkletnov.” [21]

Coronal Blowers:
There are many variants of the original patent where high-voltage capacitors create thrust, [22] many of which claim that the thrust is a new affect akin to antigravity. These go by such terms as: “Biefeld-Brown effect,” “lifters,” “electrostatic antigravity,” “electrogravitics,” and “asymmetrical capacitors.” To date, all rigorous experimental tests indicate that the observed thrust is attributable to coronal wind. [23-25] Quoting from one such finding: “… their operation is fully explained by a very simple theory that uses only electrostatic forces and the transfer of momentum by multiple collisions [with air molecules].” [23]

Quantum Tunneling as an FTL venue:
A prerequisite to faster-than-light travel is to prove faster-than-light information transfer. The phenomenon of quantum tunneling, where signals appear to pass through barriers at superluminal speed, is often cited as such empirical evidence. Experimental and theoretical work indicates that the information transfer rate is only apparently superluminal, with no causality violations. Although the leading edge of the signal does appear to make it through the barrier faster, the entire signal is still light-speed limited. [26, 27] This topic still serves, however, as a tool to explore this intriguing aspect of physics.

Unresolved Approaches:

Woodward’s Transient Inertial Oscillations:
Experiments and theories published by James Woodward claim that oscillatory changes to inertia can be induced by electromagnetic means [28] and a patent exists on how this can be used for propulsion. [29] Conservation of momentum is satisfied by evoking interpretations of Mach’s principle. Independent verification experiments, using techniques less prone to spurious effects, were unable to reliably confirm or dismiss the claims. [30] Woodward and others continue with experiments and publications to make the effect more pronounced and to more clearly separate the claimed effects from experimental artifacts. This oscillatory inertia approach is considered unresolved.

Abraham-Minkowski Electromagnetic Momentum:
More than one approach attempts to use an unresolved question of electromagnetic momentum (Abraham-Minkowski controversy [31]) to suggest a new space propulsion method. [32-34]. The equations that describe electromagnetic momentum in vacuum are well established (photon radiation pressure), but there is still debate concerning momentum within dielectric media. In all of the proposed propulsion methods, the anticipated forces are relatively small (comparable to experimental noise) and critical issues remain unresolved. In particular, the conversion of anoscillatory force into a net force remains questionable and the issue of generating external forces from different internal momenta remains unproven. Even if unsuitable for propulsion, these approaches provide empirical tools for further exploring the Abraham-Minkowski controversy of electromagnetic momentum.

Inertia and Gravity Interpreted as Quantum Vacuum Effects:
Theories are entering the peer-reviewed literature that assert that gravity and inertia are side effects of the quantum vacuum. The theories are controversial and face many unresolved issues. In essence this approach asserts that inertia is related to an electromagnetic drag force against the vacuum when matter is accelerated, and that gravity is the result of asymmetric distributions of vacuum energy caused by the presence of matter. [35-38] The space propulsion implications of these theories have been raised [39], but experimental approaches to test these assertions are only beginning to enter the literature. [40]

Podkletnov Force Beam:
On an Internet physics archive it is claimed that forces can be imparted to distant objects using high-voltage electrical discharges near superconductors. Between 4×10^-4 to 23×10^-4 Joules of mechanical energy are claimed to have been imparted to an 18.5-gram pendulum located 150 meters away and behind brick walls of a separate building. [41] Like the prior gravity shielding claims, these experiments are difficult and costly to duplicate, and remain unsubstantiated by reliable independent sources.

Candidates For Continued Research:

Space Drives:
“Space drive” is a general term to encompass the ambition of propulsion without propellant. To identify the unresolved issues and research paths toward creating a space drive, seven hypothetical space drives were conceived and cursorily addressed. [ 12] The two largest issues facing this ambition are to find a way for a vehicle to induce external net forces on itself, and secondly, tosatisfy conservation of momentum in the process. As discussed below, several avenues for research remain, including: (1) investigate space from the perspective of new sources of reaction mass, (2) revisit Mach’s Principle to consider coupling to surrounding mass via inertial frames, and (3) investigate the coupling between gravity, inertia, and controllable electromagnetic phenomena. These are very broad and open areas where a variety of research sequels could emerge.

Reaction mass in space: A key aspect of conservation of momentum is the reaction mass. When an automobile accelerates, its wheels push against the road using the Earth as the reaction mass. Helicopters and aircraft use the air as their reaction mass. In space, where there are no roads or air, a rocket must bring along propellant to thrust against. To contemplate space travel that circumvents the propellant limits of rockets, some other indigenous reaction mass must be found along with the means to induce net forces on the reaction mass.

Recent observations reveal a number of interesting phenomena of space. Although none are directly suitable as reactive media, they are at least indicative that space has substantive properties whose further study pertains to breakthrough spaceflight. Cosmological observations have revealed the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, dark matter, and dark energy, [42] and quantum physics has revealed zero point energy. [43] The Cosmic Background Radiation is low-energy microwave radiation whose composite motion is coincident with the mean reference frame of the universe. [44] Although too weak to be used as a reactive media, its existence and directional dependence is thought provoking in the context of space travel. Dark matter is the term used to encompass observations that there is more gravitating matter at galactic scales than can be observed. Some estimates are that more than 90% of the matter in galaxies is not directly visible. One of the key supporting empirical observations are the anomalous rotation rates of galaxies, where the galaxies appear to hold together more strongly than can be accounted for by the visible matter. From the propulsion point of view, the suitability of dark matter as a reaction mass has not yet been rigorously studied. On even larger scales, anomalous red-shifts from the most distant matter of the universe suggest that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. The working hypothesis for this anomaly is dubbed dark energy and it is conjectured to be an antigravity-like effect. [45] Again, the propulsion implications of such phenomena have not been explored. And lastly, the quantum phenomenon of zero point energy suggests that even the most empty of spaces still contain some non-zero amount of energy. This last item is discussed separately later.

Revisit Mach’s Principle: One of the theoretical approaches in dealing with momentum conservation for space drives is to reexamine Mach’s Principle. Mach’s Principle asserts that an inertial frame, specifically the property of a space to be a reference frame for acceleration, is actually created by and connected to the surrounding mass in the universe. [46] At least one perspective views this property as being related to the gravitational potential of the masses across the universe. [47] A related issue is that a literal interpretation of Mach’s Principle implies an absolute reference frame, coincident with the mean rest frame for all the matter in the universe. [48] From the space-propulsion point of view, this is a convenient perspective. Curiously, a known phenomenon that is coincident with this reference frame is the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation.

These Machian perspectives imply a Euclidean view of space-time. Within general relativity, there do exist such Euclidean interpretations, which are often referred to as ” optical analogies.” In this interpretation, space is represented as an optical medium with an effective index of refraction that is a function gravitational potential. [49, 50] Although different from the more common geometricinterpretation, this interpretation has been shown to be consistent with physical observables, and transformation rules between the optical and geometric perspectives have also been published. [50] Conveniently, it also casts the coupling between gravity and electromagnetism in more simple terms. Little attention is typically focused on this optical analogy because it does not predict any new effects that aren’t already covered by the more common geometric perspective and because it raises unanswered issues with coordinate systems choices. Another consequence is that wormholes are indescribable in this perspective. From the propulsion point of view, however, issues of coordinate frames are of keen interest.

Coupling of Fundamental Forces: Electromagnetism, gravity and spacetime are coupled phenomena. Given our technical proficiency at manipulating electromagnetism, this coupling hints that we might be able to use electromagnetism to affect gravity. In principle this is true. In practice, at least from the perspective of general relativity, it would take an enormous amount of electromagnetic energy to produce a perceptible gravitational effect – energy levels in the regime ofE=mc^2, where m represents the induced gravitational mass effect. While general relativity pertains to large-scale couplings, quantum and particle physics pertains to the couplings on the atomic scale and smaller. One example of an unresolved small-scale question is the unknown inertial and gravitational properties of antimatter. Although presumed to be equal to their normal-matter counterparts, long-duration low-gravity experiments could resolve minor differences that have not been testable in terrestrial labs. [51] Such experiments might also help resolve the lingering incompatibility between general relativity and quantum mechanics. As much as these pertain to general physics, they may also have implications for propulsion physics.

Quantum Vacuum Energy Experiments:
The uncertainty principle from quantum mechanics indicates that it is impossible to achieve an absolute zero energy state. This includes the energy state of empty space. [43] It has been shown analytically, [52] and later experimentally, [53], that this vacuum energy can squeeze parallel plates together. This “Casimir effect” is only appreciable for very small cavity dimensions (microns). Nonetheless, it is evidence that empty space can present situations where forces exist when none were naively expected. Theoretically it might be possible to induce net forces relative to this background energy, but the forces are extremely small. [ 6]. More recent experiments have explored the physics of the quantum vacuum using MEMS technology – micro-electro-mechanical structures of machined silicon. [54, 55] Continued research on this phenomenon and through these techniques is expected.

Provocative Questions:
In addition to the unanswered questions of reaction mass in space or the viability of vacuum energy for practical purposes, there are a variety of other provocative effects and theoretical questions that pertain to the search for new propulsion physics. One example from general relativity is that a propulsive effect could be induced by frame dragging from a twisting toroid of ultra dense matter, where an acceleration field is induced inside the toroid. [56] Although the magnitude of the induced effect is trivial compared to the energy expenditure, this serves as an analytical approach to investigate the implications of such notions. Another curiosity is the anomalous trajectories of the Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses spacecraft. [57] Once these spacecraft were farther than about 20 astronomical units from the Sun, their actual trajectories show an unexpected deceleration on the order of 10^-10 g’s. [58] A report sponsored by the European Space Agency (ESA) includes a proposal for a “Sputnik-5″ probe to explore this anomaly. [59] This same ESA study further suggests checking for evidence of violations of the equivalence principle in long duration free-fall trajectories (i.e. orbits).

Faster than Light:
As a consequence of Einstein’s general relativity, the notion of warping space to circumvent the light-speed limit is an open topic in scientific literature. This approach involves altering spacetime itself rather than trying to break the light-speed limit through spacetime. Two prominent approaches are the warp drive and the wormhole. The warp drive concept involves moving a bubble of spacetime that carries a vehicle within. [ 4] A wormhole, on the other hand, is a shortcut through spacetime created by extreme spacetime warping. [5, 60] Enormous technical hurdles face these concepts. In particular, they require enormous quantities of “negative energy” (equivalent mass of planets or suns), [61] and evoke time-travel paradoxes (“closed-time-like curves”). [62] Given the magnitude of energy requirements to create perceptible effects, it is unlikely that experimental work will be forthcoming in the near future. Even though these theoretical concepts are unlikely to be engineered, they are at least useful for teaching the intricacies of general relativity. While laboratory experiments are still prohibitive, astronomical searches for related phenomena could be undertaken, such as looking for the characteristic signatures of a wormhole. [63]

Summary of Research Findings:
The majority of open research paths involve further study of the fundamental properties of spacetime and inertial frames, looking for candidate sources of reaction mass and the means to interact with it. As much as these are basic areas of investigation for general physics, their investigation in the context of breakthrough spaceflight introduces additional perspectives from which to contemplate these lingering unknowns. This alternative perspective might just provide the insight that would otherwise be overlooked.

Concluding Remarks

The potential benefits of breakthrough propulsion cannot be calculated yet with certainty, but crude introductory assessments show that the performance gains could span from a factor of 2 to a factor of 10^150 in the amount of energy required to move an object from one point to another. The more demanding the journey, the higher the gain. For a hypothetical non-relativistic space drive, the energy scales as the square of the ∆v, while rocket energy scales exponentially for ∆v. This is a considerable difference, particularly for high ∆v missions.

Because of the profound implications of success and the fledgling nature of the research, special management methods are recommended to ensure credible progress. Lessons from the NASA Breakthroughs Propulsion Physics Project include: (1) constraining the research tasks to only address immediate unknowns, curious effects or critical issues, (2) putting more emphasis on the reliability of assertions than their implications, and (3) having reviewers judge credibility rather than feasibility.
The search for breakthrough propulsion methods is an embryonic field encompassing many differing approaches and challenges. The majority of open research paths involve further study of possible reaction masses in space, the physics of inertial frames, the properties of the quantum vacuum, and the coupling of electromagnetism, spacetime and gravity. As much as these are basic areas of investigation for general physics, their investigation in the context of breakthrough spaceflight introduces another perspective from which to contemplate these lingering unknowns. This alternative perspective might just provide an insight that would otherwise be overlooked.

Much of the research is conducted as individual discretionary efforts, scattered across various government, academic, and private organizations. In addition to the research already described, there are many more approaches emerging in the literature and at aerospace conferences. At this stage it is still too early to predict which, if any, of the approaches might lead to a breakthrough. Taken objectively, the desired breakthroughs might also remain impossible. Reciprocally, however, history has shown that breakthroughs tend to take the pessimists by surprise.


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Marc Millis is NASA’s leading expert on Breakthrough Propulsion Physics – covering such visionary goals as gravity control, space drives, and faster-than-light travel. This topic requires a challenging blend of vision and rigor to identify and chip away at the relevant unknowns. When funded (1996-2002), the Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project assessed 8 different research approaches and documented its findings in 16 peer-reviewed journal reports. With NASA’s emphasis on returning to the Moon, this work is no longer supported.

Millis joined Cleveland’s Glenn Research Center in 1982 after earning a degree in Physics fromGeorgia Tech. His assignments evolved from engineering support into research and eventually into project management. The work spanned designing ion thrusters, electronics for rocket monitoring, rocket fuel equipment, and even a cockpit display that guides aircraft flights to create weightlessness. All the while Millis spent his discretionary time pondering how to make rocketry obsolete, which eventually led to the creation of the Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Project. This work gained wide public attention, being cited in Newsweek, Wired, Popular Science (May 2001 cover), New York Times and most recently in the books Centauri Dreams (Gilster 2004) and in I’m Working On That (Shatner & Walter 2002). This work also earned Millis a nomination for a 2004 World Technology Award. Millis recently completed a Masters of Science degree inPhysics Entrepreneurship from Case Western Reserve University (2006) and is an alumnus of the International Space University Summer Session (1998).

Millis pursues futuristic visions outside of NASA too. Leveraging the allure of science fiction beyond what can be done in government and academia, Millis founded the nonprofit Tau Zero Foundation in 2006, to accelerate progress and education toward practical interstellar flight. In 2005, Millis authored: “Making the jump to light-speed” a chapter in the National Geographic book: Star Wars – Where Science Meets Imagination. For hobbies, Millis enjoys craftsmanship; building award-winning scale models, Halloween costumes, and other mischief. With specialties in science fiction models built from scrap plastic and 1960’s slot cars, he occasionally publishes “how-to” articles and photographs. Amidst all of this, Millis enjoys time as a husband and father.

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7 Things Truth Seekers Need Stop Doing

 truther.jpgThe globalist plan to control humanity is rolling forward at superhighway speed as our battle for humanity rages on. So let’s ask the question, what can we do as truth seekers to improve our odds of success against this global cabal of control and oppression?

Is there anything worth throwing on the table for truth seekers to consider that could actually act as a game-changer in this battle for truth, freedom, and consciousness? Actually there is.


New Research Reveals Why Pig-Use in Middle East Declined

The humble pig has a long and often poorly understood history. As an excellent source of protein, the pig has been a useful animal for humans in many areas of the world for thousands of years. Its use in the Middle East, however, has a more complex history. New research has sought to explore this complicated past.

Richard W. Redding, from …

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Morning traffic makes its way toward downtown Los Angeles …

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In an unprecedented attack on her father that marks her first move to cut him out of the …

World-famous scientist Jane Goodall condemns GMO food and fraudulent industry ‘science’

(NaturalNews) If Europe weakens its standards to allow the cultivation and import of untested genetically modified organisms (GMOs), it will be making a monumental and irreversible mistake based on corporate lies and pseudoscience. This was the emphatic warning recently given by primate…

March 2015 – Australian monthly reports roundup

Hi all,

March 2015 Australian national level sightings listing

Compiled by Keith Basterfield and Paul Dean.

This is the sixth in a series of Australian national level sightings listings, gathered from input by Australian civilian UAP groups, and other sources. Many of the reports in the listing have not been investigated and documented.

One of the reasons for the listing, is to draw people’s attention to cases of which they might not be aware, and to stimulate them to then investigate and report back to us all. Paul and I would prefer to be publishing only cases which have been investigated, but the lack of investigated and published cases within Australia, would mean we would miss out on so many others. We have therefore chosen to compile as many as possible, with the hope, that over time, most cases we list here will have been investigated.

If you have items for the April 2015 listing, please forward them to keithbasterfield@yahoo.com.au by 3 May 2015.

Recurrent light phenomena in Tasmania:

A man visited a property in Tasmania which has been the scene of previous unusual light phenomena. At 2040hrs on 20 March 2015, in the company of the two property owners, they brought his attention to a slight glow around the honey box which he thought was just normal light. Then, moving to a rear fence, the owners saw a light and the man tried to approach it. He “…could clearly see a golf ball sized light at 70??metres away sitting at the base of a tree.” The man approached the light but lost sight of it. The owners told him “…the light had shrunk to a very small point source as I approached it.”

At about 2100hrs, the man “…walked about 40 metres from the owners…and the 6 week old torch I had (with new batteries) started to act weird and the light would go on and off.” After walking back, the torch resumed its usual functioning.

At about 2140hrs “…a second light appeared in the air about 2 metres (?) off the ground and about 5 metres to the left of the ‘pilot light’ which was still sitting at the base of the tree.” The three went inside after watching for a while longer.

On the 21 March 2015 at 0610hrs, “I witnessed a light about the size (?) of a basketball (?) appear at approximately 70-100 metres away. It stayed in the air for about 4 seconds. I initially flashed my torch at it with no response from the light, which then moved to the right and I could not see it anymore.”

“I also placed three game cameras (which work off localised heat sources) and set them to video function as normal. When I picked up the cameras, which had nothing of note on them, I found that two of them were now on still mode.”

The man returned to the location on the 26 March. At 2015hrs the “pilot light” was again visible from the front gate. He approached this light but it faded so he returned to the gate. He could then see it again, approached but lost sight of it. The walkie talkie he had with him was working until he was about 100 metres away from the property owners, it started cutting in an out. He moved forward about another 100 metres, and a white light appeared at about 50/70 metres to his left and started flashing on and off. One second on and two seconds off. After about ten seconds another white light appeared about 10-15 metres to the right of the first light and this also turned on and off. After five minutes he returned to the farm. More lights were seen at 2245hrs and also on the following night.

(The above was summarised from a first hand account by the visiting male witness, supplied courtesy of Bill Chalker and TUFOIC. Keith Roberts of TUFOIC has kindly supplied us with a full account on the recurrent light phenomena.)

March reports:

2 March 2015 1556hrs Mount Druitt, New South Wales ?mins Raw
Raj Saini took a photograph during a thunderstorm.

2 March 2015 2030hrs Howrah, Hobart, Tasmania Facebook & telephone.
Bright light to north of Mt Wellington. The star like light brightens and fades, plus moves about a bit before descending behind hills. Astronomical.

5 March 2015 0545hrs Near Wollongong, New South Wales ?mins Raw
“Driving north along Sheepwash Rd heading towards East Bowral and west of Kangaloon…saw a flash lighting of deep blue colour light up the whole east side (left side of car) of the sky for a couple of seconds. At the same time the radio went off and then returned sounds after the blue flash had finished. There was a full moon on the right hand side of the car in the sky. I reported it to the ABC Illawarra radio station to see if anyone else saw it and confirmed what it was…ABC Illawarra confirmed they had an outage for 10 seconds around the same time.”

5 March 2015 2130hrs Tweed Heads, New South Wales 20mins Raw
Looking north at an elevation of about 45 degrees, Terri saw four medium sized white lights “circling almost dancing” which seemed to be contained in one cloud” on a cloudy night. One was slower than the others. “These lights did not stay in the same spot they moved close in a south direction.” They then disappeared.

6 March 2015 ?hrs Melbourne, Victoria ?mins Raw
A night vision video of a triangular-shaped object.

8 March 2015 Evening East of Nerang River, Queensland (40-50) secs Raw/IFO?
Witness saw a “..big ball of light” before it faded out. “They then saw something black drop from the object.” Seemed only 200 meters up in the air. No sound. No flashing lights. Suspected garbage bag balloon.
UFO Research Queensland.

9 March 2015 0930hrs South-West Western Australia secs IFO
Hundreds of people watched a silver object with a tail travel over south-west Western Australia. It was extremely bright. It exploded and there was a two second long ball of light. Identified as a fireball.

9 March 2015 ?hrs Safety Bay, Perth, Western Australia 20+mins Personal observation
Amanda Lucks “Just recorded an orange orb over Safety Bay, Wambro Beach from my house in Waikiki. Very bright. Watched for 20+ minutes and it never moved left or right, only faded out. On video. It was flashing with red flashing lights.”
Perth UFO Casebook Facebook page.

10March 2015 1217hrs Kalbar, south-east Queensland ?mins Raw
“Captured by the weather cam network, an unidentified flying object was seen over the skies of Kalbar at 12.17pm.”

12 March 2015 2129hrs Newcastle, new South Wales ?mins raw
Adam saw “3 bright orange objects” travelling north. All at different times, but within a couple of minutes of each other. Faster than an aircraft. Burning. On a slight descent.

13 March 2015 (1830-1900)hrs Greenwood, Perth, Western Australia. ?mins Raw
Greg Ramsden reported seeing “a fire cracker” travel across the sky. He had time to call two other people to watch it. It was lost in the distance. “Slower burning light” than a fireball. “I don’t think it was a UFO.” Travelled south to north in the eastern sky.

13 March 2015 2355hrs Apollo Bay, Victoria (2-3)secs Raw
A bright lime-green coloured , object with a tail, was seen at azimuth 200 degrees, elevation 10-15 degrees. It was descending towards the sea. Orange sparks were trailing off it. It blinked out. A similar object was seen at 0036hrs 14 March 2015 by the same observer.

15 March 2015 1030hrs Canberra, Australian Capital Territory ?mins Raw
A glint of light in the western sky caught the attention of the witness. “A disc shaped object not a long tube with wings” therefore not an aircraft. “Appeared to be spinning or pulsing.” Moved slowly. “I often see objects like this in the area from time to time.” Sunny day with intermittent cloud cover.
MUFON case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

17 March 2015 1930hrs Dural, Sydney, New South Wales 10mins Raw
Ron reported seeing lights in the sky, “green in the centre red surrounding them quite bright.” Seen at 45 degrees north-west. The object was under dark rain clouds. “Moved about in a small area about half a kilometre away in erratic circles and then very slowly move away from this position going north-west till it disappeared 10 minutes later.” No sound.

17March 2015 (1800-1830)hrs Northern Gold Coast, Queensland (3-4) secs Raw
Witness noticed a bright red, pulsating light over the hinterland. It was close to a bright star in the sky. It then made a quick U-turn  under the star and stopped close to the star. It then disappeared.
UFO Research Queensland Facebook page.

17 March 2015 2255hrs McDowall, Queensland (3-4)secs Raw
A glowing blue ball was noticed in the eastern sky. It was moving very quickly to the west. Emitted a high intensity light. It was apparently lower than the clouds.
UFO Research Queensland Facebook page.

19 March 2015 2017hrs Ellenbrook, Perth, Western Australia 20mins Raw
John Brown reported looking 45 degrees south, and seeing a “bright red and white flashing light which moved across the sky and then back again before moving out of sight.

19 March 2015 1930hrs Gorokan, Central Coast, New South Wales ?secs
Josh Elton, 15, and other family members were in their lounge room, when they saw what they thought was a low flying aircraft. “It was swerving all around as we looked out to San Remo…” The 12 second video shows a very bright ball of light crossing a small portion of sky near the horizon. The video is available to view at the link below. The Express Advocate newspaper sent the video to UFOPRSA in Sydney. Dominic McNamara is cited as saying “Flashing lights are normally at a slower frequency, but can sometimes appear to be a revolving object instead…Interestingly, vector diagrams and measurement shows that it appears to change course ever so slightly towards the left of camera as it is about to be lost to sight…In the end it is impossible to say what this is…To date there is no other report of this.”

19 March 2015 2130hrs Rose Bay, Tasmania 10secs Facebook
Star like light at high elevation, travelling south but after ten seconds seems to fade out. Satellite.

20 March 2015 0030hrs Wagga, New South Wales
A photograph, showing a light trail in the sky, was submitted.
MUFON Case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

20 March 2015 0200hrs St Leonards, New South Wales ?mins Raw
Two people reported a boat sized rectangular object, hovering just above the water at a distance of 15 metres.
MUFON Case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

21 March 2015 0000hrs Rockhampton, Queensland ?mins Raw
A witness reported being attacked by a UFO, and that something took control of his mouth.
MUFON Case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

22 March 2015 (2130-2200)hrs Patterson Lakes, Melbourne, Victoria ?mins Raw
Ron and two other people were sitting on a balcony, when Ron saw a “red ball of light shoot up from somewhere, guessing in the Dingley, Westal or Springvale area…It started to head in our direction…it nearly flew directly over us…towards the Portsea area…lost sight of it.” No flickering, and no sound. After 30 seconds to a minute, another one appeared.

23March 2015 1952hrs Shelly Beach, Ballina, New South Wales ?mins Raw
A man saw a single, white light travelling north, faster than an aircraft. It was white, round, soundless. It was 10 degree elevation above the ocean. It then reduced in size and appeared to change course from north to east, as it got smaller and slowed, until it disappeared. It appeared to have a smaller light to the rear.
UFO Research New South Wales.

26 March 2015 ?hrs Darwin, Northern Territory 10secs Raw
A bright, lime green light in the sky was seen by 21 year old Yoanna Williams.”It slowed right down and disappeared.”
Northern Territory News. 30 March 2015.

26 March 2015 2000hrs Eastern freeway, Melbourne, Victoria 30secs Raw
Kylie and her partner saw a “…white object fly horizontally across the sky…It flew behind a cloud for a couple of seconds…it reappeared…continued to fly north/west bound.” White colour. Left no trail.

27 March 2015 Between 2000-2300hrs Long Reef, Sydney, New South Wales Personal observations.
UFORNSW conducted a sky watch and CE5 session. On a clear, starry night a number of observers reported the following:
Mariana – “Two objects briefly moving before fading out and also an extremely bright shooting star travelling east to west.”
Damien ” I noticed 3 bright lights in a triangular formation at a 35 degree angle from my position…The centre light appeared to have a much smaller spherical light under it…” The lights moved and at one point two merged into one.
Rozainah – Saw three very quick flashes from the corner of her eye towards the south-east. Also something like a smoke trail, very short and lasting a couple of seconds.
John – Saw some flashes of light in the sky. One flashed brighter than other stars and then faded.
Monita – An orange object at 70 degrees seen for 2 seconds.
UFO Research New South Wales.

27 March 2015 1840hrs Gold Coast, Queensland ?mins Raw
Sitting in a backyard, three people observed, overhead, a pulsating “bright ball of light” moving north. “…it was below the cloud line.” It then changed direction to move north-east. It was soundless and moved at a constant speed. It finally “…disappeared out of the sky” at an angle of 30 degrees.
MUFON Case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

28 March 2015 0600hrs Perth, Western Australia ?mins Personal observation
Samuel Johnson reported “…a bright orange line shooting down slowly on the horizon east of Perth…it was slow and then started to curve before going behind the hills.”
Perth UFO Casebook Facebook page.

28 March 2015 2015hrs Baulkham Hills, Sydney, New South Wales 9mins Raw
Damien Nott advises: “This object was seen heading east to west over the city and then did a slow controlled half circle U-turn and then head back east towards Sydney at an upwards angle…seen by two witnesses and caught on two different cameras. On video it can be seen spitting out semi-transparent blobs of what appears to resemble white puffs of plasma like smoke.”
Via UFO Research New South Wales.

28 March 2015 2030hrs Ansons Bay Road, Tasmania 60mins Facebook & telephone contact
Two witnesses were returning at about 8.30pm from a shooting trip, when they noticed a large light, low over paddocks. Estimated to be half kilometre or more from the road. They stop to view the light through binoculars and a rifle scope. It appears to be a triangle shape with a dome area above. The colour is a blend of green, red and  yellow. Beneath, there seems to be ribbons of coloured light reaching down towards the ground. At this point a loud beep sound was heard and a white light was observed approaching from the south-east. It is only visible for 15 seconds as it performs a quick turn and disappears in the sky.

The witnesses now decide to see if they can approach closer to the light from nearby farm and bush tracks. Due to locked gates they fail to get any closer and after 30 minutes return to the road. The light is still there. They now shine their spotlight (range 350 metres) towards the light and it appears to reflect the light. Almost at once the object looks to move away from the road in a zig zag or circling movement and is soon lost to view. The two witnesses return home to St Helens and say they can still see a fading light, high up ion the sky.

The report was lodged on Facebook (29th March) with follow up  by TUFOIC’s Northern rep. Phil Polden. Investigation in progress.

 Older cases:

28 February 2015 2203hrs Hardwicke Bay/Warroka, South Australia ?mins Raw
An individual noted that the wind increased, looked up and saw an object hovering over trees. The object had yellow and orange lights “around it shaped in a disc form.” A beam of blue and white light came down from it.
MUFON Case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

28 February 2015 1715hrs Olympic Park, Sydney, New South Wales 15mins Raw
A “tiny silver dot” was seen in the sky. The witness was facing north, looking up at a 60-70 degrees elevation. It was lost, then found again, at 45 degrees east of the original position, and at 80 degrees elevation. It was slowly moving west, then made a slow right turn to head north. It was lost to sight behind trees/buildings. The sky was clear and blue.

9 February 2015 1930hrs Toowoomba/Clifton, Queensland 40mins
“A man was driving from Toowoomba to Clifton when he saw two lights in the sky he thought could be planes. He continued driving but then saw three lights in the sky dipping up and down, so he pulled over to look at them through binoculars.

It was then he could see a shadow with lights around it that had a diffused shape. He continued to drive to Clifton  and was outbound on his way to Leyburn when he saw an object with 8 golden yellow lights spinning around it about 25 to 50 meters in front of him, and at tree top level about 10-15 metres above him. The object was silent and the lights gave off no emanations on the surrounding environment. witness described thee lights as “looking like they were suspended in the sky.” The witness observed the entire event over a 40 minute period while he travelled about 20 kms at very slow speed. There were two other drivers who he thought would have seen the light too.”
UFO Research Queensland.

6 February 2015 2035hrs Sydney, New South Wales ?mins Raw
(Reported 12 March 2015.)
Was filming the Moon rise as it was a new full moon, with Aiptek handheld camcorder – no filter on lens – in nigth vision setting. Did not notice the object until playback and in full screen mode. “In playback I noticed an orange globe – but find it hard to get a single frame. managed to capture an image – it was coming and going between frames which made it difficult. I was on the balcony in front of my apartment. In playback the object seemed to be heading straight up and disappear. In the clip it appears at 0.01 at 12 position.”
MUFON case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

February 2015 1630hrs Williamtown, New South Wales ?mins Raw
Brett reported seeing five silver, diamond looking objects, “appearing tiny due to cruise height, flying south to north in formation.”

8 January 2015 Ca. 2100hrs Bray Park, Brisbane, Queensland 3mins Raw
Two people sitting outside a house saw an object in the sky. It dimmed and brightened a few times. It was moving slowly with small, erratic, movements. It moved off to the south-west at high speed. It was white in colour, and spherical in shape.

20 December 2014 2240hrs Logan, Queensland ?secs Raw
An individual was sitting outside, looked up and saw a big  white light. It went behind trees and was lost to view. Then, looking straight ahead “something streaked across the sky leaving a mustard yellowish orange streak. It faded in seconds. There was no associated sound.
UFOPRSA “Phenomenon Times.” February 2015.

27 October 2014 1637hrs Moonta, South Australia ?mins Raw
(Reported 16 March 2015.)
“Taking photos of a storm approaching from NW.” Captured something in one of the pictures, it is small. Not in photos before or after. “A few other people around town I mentioned the object to have said they saw something flying in the clouds glowing a red or orange colour that same day.” “I didn’t notice the object at the time.”
MUFON case management system. http://mufoncms.com/cgi-bin/report_handler.pl

7 April 2012 2000hrs Warner, Queensland ?mins
(Reported 12 February 2015.)
“A young man was at a friend’s house when they decided to walk to the local shop. They reached a high point on a hill and saw a deep orange dot in the sky. They didn’t think anything of it but as they walked a few hundred metres and turned a corner they saw a bus-sized sphere about 50 metres above the road. It had a diameter of 4 metres and was moving silently at about 5km/hr. It appeared to be made of a fire or plasma and an orange/red colour. They heard a man yell “What the …is that” a girl scream and another girl crying. They watched it move at about 40 to 50 metres then it accelerated to 4/5 times its speed, then disappeared at a 45 degree angle. The object was extremely bright but didn’t scatter any ambient light nor did the witness recall seeing it cast any shadows. Even though the light was bright it seemed to cause no harm to their eyes.”
UFO Research Queensland.

Contributing Australian groups this issue:

Website: http://www.acern.com.au

Tasmanian UFO Investigation Centre
Website: http://tufoic.eu.pn

UFO and Paranormal Research Society of Australia
Website:  http://www.ufosociety.net.au/

UFO Research New South Wales
Website: http://www.ufor.asn.au

UFO Research Queensland
Hotline: 07 3376 1780
Website: http://www.uforq.asn.au
Facebook page.

Forty-seven percent of US households live paycheck to paycheck as families struggle to save money in poor economy

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The Iran Nuclear Deal: Highlights, High Hopes, and Haters

Much to the dismay, no doubt, of at least 47 US Republican Senators, a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was reached concerning Iran’s nuclear program Thursday, after 8 straight days of final-round negotiations, in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Solutions on key parameters of Iran #nuclear case reached. Drafting to start immediately, to finish by June 30th. #IranTalks— Hassan…

Humanity’s DNA Heritage

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A new version of "UFOs, Alien Abduction and Contact: The Parapsychological connection"

I will be lecturing at the Ryde Eastwood Leagues Club this Saturday 4 April at the UFOR NSW group meeting from about 2.30 pm. While the title of my talk is the same as the one I gave to UFOPRSA at Campbelltown in March and to APIR in November 2014 there will be substantial differences in the talk I give to UFORNSW. Hope to see you there. 
I will also be bring copies of the latest Ufologist magazine which features an article/column by me entitled “The Cosmic Tornados of OZ” as well as the last of the various rare duplicate books from my personal library for sale. I will put photos of these in the comments section below shortly. The group has also got John Lodge a contactee giving a talk.

At my lecture this Saturday afternoon at the Ryde Eastwood Leagues Club I will also be bringing copies of the latest Ufologist magazine which features an article/column by me entitled “The Cosmic Tornados of OZ” as well as the last of the various rare duplicate books from my personal library for sale. Once these are gone thats it folks

Sleek ‘ski lift’ pylons coming to UK countryside

The familiar latticed electricity pylons that criss-cross the British countryside could soon be joined by smaller designs that have less of an impact on the landscape. New “T-pylons”, which are a third lower in height and have a smaller footprint will be used to connect low-carbon facilities to the UK’s electricity grid.

By: James Temperton,

Continue reading…

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5 Simple Acupressure Points to Relieve Stress and Anxiety

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Why We Must Never Forget Melanie Shaw

Most of us cannot even imagine what she has suffered. Many simply cannot bear to hear what she has experienced, never mind worry that she is presently making financial profit for the Directors and Shareholders of Sodexo private prison.  

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Army Soldiers Sit Through ‘White Privilege’ Presentation — and the Backlash Isn’t Pretty

The U.S. Army is investigating an unauthorized diversity training presentation on “white privilege” shown to hundreds of Georgia soldiers, USA Today reported, citing an Army spokeswoman.

The Equal Opportunity training presentation was shown to about 400 soldiers of the 67th Signal Battalion at Fort Gordon on Thursday, according to Captain Lindsay Roman.

The portion of the program…

The Coming "Spiritual Revolution"

Spiritual-REVOLUTION.jpgYoung people need to look at the world in a fresh new way and say: “Enough is enough, you guys screwed it up, we need to take our planet back.”

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free market law enforcement rising in USLumber Liquidators in trouble over this chemical found in flooring, but CDC wants to inject your children with it9 Steps for Transforming Fear with Spiritual SurrenderMeadville’s fluoridation debate could flare up later this summeCollision with ‘second Earth’ probably created the MoonThere’s no business like …China’s ‘Great Cannon’ could hack anyone, researchers warnWe Can’t Change Others – Or Can We?Activating Oxytocin – The Master Hormone for Bliss and BondingHow BrainGate reconnects the mind to the physical worldRare Thor’s Hammer Found in Central NorwayBSD Masterclass Space Clearing & Alignment of Energies in BuildingsJUST SOME PRACTICAL "BUSINESS"Was Jesus An Alien?Artist’s right to secretly snap neighbours upheld in New YorkFilipino farmers flatly reject GMOs being forced on them by agricultural imperialismChina’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): What You Need to Know‘This doesn’t encourage integration, this encourages separateness': Local council slammed for asking non-Muslim women to wear hijabs to raise awareness and combat IslamophobiaWIRED Awake: 10 must-read articles for 10 AprilNoddy is now a detective in new CGI rebootWIRED Awake: 10 must-read articles for 2 AprilEbola vaccine reaches West Africa for massive human trialThought obedience demanded in America as college professor bans student for discussing opinions on rapeDavid Icke’s Acclaimed New All-Day Wembley Presentation Now Available To See On DemandMoonwalkers (2015) – More Muddling of Kubrick?Fertility is Kaput, but Life Goes OnAn Orc-hestra Out of TuneNew Breakaway Odessa Republic Is Announced in Ukraine to Join Donetsk and Luhansk RepublicsGoogle brings Android apps to the desktop1,000-year-old underground passage discovered in the Caha Mountains of IrelandDaily Show’s Trevor Noah under fire for Twitter jokes about Jews and womenConfronting the trianglesBirch Juice; Divine Nectar"I’m really scared": Isaiah Rider speaks out after being kidnapped and abused by profiteering medical systemEurope plots renewed antitrust fight against GooglePosthuman FactorsCmoar VR headset echoes Oculus’ Kickstarter successHouse Members Target Patriot Act with “Surveillance State Repeal Act”CCTV Looking Out For Them Not YouInterview 1024 – Tjeerd Andringa Exposes the KakistocracyBoston Defendant is Drugged & DefenselessIran must end ‘aggression’ for sanctions relief: Netanyahu‘Runeblade’ is the pioneer of an Apple Watch game goldrushBreakthrough Propulsion Physics7 Things Truth Seekers Need Stop DoingNew Research Reveals Why Pig-Use in Middle East DeclinedScary Times For California Farmers As Snowpack Hits Record LowsMarine Le Pen Denounces Father to Please ZionistsWorld-famous scientist Jane Goodall condemns GMO food and fraudulent industry ‘science’March 2015 – Australian monthly reports roundupForty-seven percent of US households live paycheck to paycheck as families struggle to save money in poor economyThe Iran Nuclear Deal: Highlights, High Hopes, and HatersHumanity’s DNA HeritageEnlightenment Under the Cherry Blossoms – #QFCDavid Icke – The Expansion of ConsciousnessA new version of "UFOs, Alien Abduction and Contact: The Parapsychological connection"Sleek ‘ski lift’ pylons coming to UK countrysideGov. Brown orders California to become a water police state as region begins reverting to uninhabitable desertStay away from the corporate aisles and you can avoid cancer5 Simple Acupressure Points to Relieve Stress and AnxietyWhy We Must Never Forget Melanie ShawArmy Soldiers Sit Through ‘White Privilege’ Presentation — and the Backlash Isn’t PrettyThe Coming "Spiritual Revolution"

The Mother Of All Antioxidants

http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/04/13/the-mother-of-all-antioxidants/ We have all heard of antioxidants, but have we heard of the mother of all antioxidants? One that is the secret to prevent cancer, heart disease, aging, neurological issues and more? This single antioxidant has been studied in great depth yet most of us know nothing about it and many doctors have no idea …

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Daily Reading by Sun Sorceress Tarot

http://sunsorceresstarot.blogspot.com/ MONDAY THE 13th The countdown begins! We’re officially starting to feel the upcoming new moon and it’s intense! It’s is going to be a heavy week. It’s going to be full of ups and downs, we’re going to feel pulled in many directions, relationships might be changing, along with many other effects. The planets …

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On the path of the immortals: Six-Toed Giants, Reptilian, Fallen Angels, and the Portals They Came Through

Following the release of their international bestseller, Exo-Vaticana, Thomas Horn and Cris Putnam were inundated with requests from around the world to be interviewed on radio, television, and in print media. What they discovered sent shockwaves through Christianity concerning the Vatican’s advanced telescope, which sits on top of Mt. Graham in Arizona (USA) where the …

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Was Jesus An Alien?

Believers of the Ancient Astronaut theory argue that aliens from advanced civilisations have visited Earth throughout history, guiding our religions. They believe that the divine events in the Bible were misinterpreted by early humans and the prophet Jesus Christ was actually an alien.

Permanent link to this article: http://news.truthjuice.co.uk/index.php/was-jesus-an-alien/

Medical Choice Under Attack, California Mandatory Vaccines Set Stage

By Jefferey Jaxen http://www.collective-evolution.com/2015/04/13/medical-choice-under-attack-california-mandatory-vaccines-set-stage/ As the parents and concerned citizens rallied in Sacramento to oppose Senate Bill 277, the Senate Health Committee advanced the bill with a 6 to 2 vote. In what the Sergeant at Arms described as “the biggest turnout [he’d] seen in 15 years,” the signed bill now faces further challenges on …

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Airline passenger films UFO orbs over Atlanta, Georgia, USA from airplane

Published on Apr 13, 2015 An airline passenger recently captured footage of strange UFO orbs over Atlanta, Georgia, USA. What do you think they are? “According to the “Fair Use” clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes …

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1,000-year-old underground passage discovered in the Caha Mountains of Ireland

http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/1000-year-old-underground-passage-discovered-caha-mountains-ireland-002896 By April Holloway Workers operating an excavator during a road-widening project in the Caha mountain range in County Cork made a surprising discovery, when they accidentally made an opening in the earth that exposed an ancient underground passageway.  Archaeologists said that the tunnel had been dug through solid rock around 1,000 years ago. According to …

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Focus Sessions: Questions About Cobra, GoodETxSG, the Event, and More

https://deusnexus.wordpress.com/2015/04/13/focus-sessions-questions/ Here are some interesting questions & answers from an individual claiming to have psychic abilities. The significance of the questions and the clarity of the answers are certainly worthy of contemplation. As always, use your own discernment and decide for yourself if this material resonates with you. Who is Cobra? QUESTION: Lynn- Who is …

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Heaven Is Already Here

If you maintain a negative limiting belief about your reality, such as a belief that this reality is insane, crazy, violent, indifferent, apathetic, etc., then your attitude will absolutely cream you. You can’t expect to get anywhere good with a belief that this reality is anything less than heavenly. You’re not actually judging reality with …

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The Holographic Universe

http://www.the-open-mind.com/the-holographic-universe/ The perceptions we observe may well be coming from an artificial source. Suppose we could take our brain out of our body and keep it alive in a glass jar. Put a computer in which all kinds of information can be recorded. Transmit the electrical signals of all the data related to a setting …

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