We are all supposed to be feeling pity and outrage for the girls of Cologne. But we are only allowed to be sorry and angry in the right way. The wrong way is to mention that the attackers were a mystery meat conglomeration of basketballs and kebabs. That would be horribly racist of you. And …
The Islamic State group has released a video showing a militant beheading an alleged Russian spy, NBC News reported Wednesday. The video shows an ISIS fighter brandishing a knife as …
5th December 2015 By Nanice Ellis Contribution Writer for Wake Up World Have you ever wondered why so many relationships end in heartache? Even relationships that begin with incredible love, faithful promises and the best of intentions often come to a bitter end. If love is all you need, why does it all go so …Continue Reading – Looking for Love in All the Wrong Places: The Real Reason Relationships End in Heartache
The Blackphone 3, the third version of Silent Circle’s privacy-focussed handset, is already in development.
By: Matt Burgess,
|(NaturalNews) If you’re thinking of assembling a bug-out bag — and I strongly recommend that everyone do so — you may find yourself becoming confused by the boatloads of sometimes conflicting (and often useless) information you’ll find on the web regarding the subject.The first…|
WWIII has begun according to the United Nations and a European migration/invasion is underway. Janet Jackson converts to Islam and Louis Farrakhan tells Jay-Z to cover up Beyonce. How does our mean world syndrome compare to everyday life? What is the Kalergi Plan and what does it have to do with the Syrian Refugee crisis? What is the tipping point for a Muslim population to live peaceably with their non Muslim neighbors?
Mass public Muslim prayers can be seen in Parliament Square in London, Washington DC, Moscow, New York City, Paris, Rome, Milan, and many other places. What is a woman’s place in Islam and does covering up really discourage sexual harassment? Who is Mohamed and where did his visions come from?
Who is Allah? Is he actually a she? Catholicism is embracing Islam in every way. Is that because they created it? How embedded is pedophilia into every religion? Many key positions in America’s government are held by Muslims. Is Obama a Christian or a Muslim or neither? ISIS is obviously not a spontaneous terrorist group and is receiving support from Western governments. Who are the most racist people on Earth and who are the most tolerant? The answer may surprise you. What does “Clock Boy” have to do with Saturn? Saudi Arabia executes more people than ISIS, so why are they being put into leadership roles regarding human rights within the U.N.?
Jamie is a second generation conspiracy theorist. Growing up in the 80’s and 90’s she was exposed very early to the growing world of truth seekers, alternative historians, Clinton scandals, FEMA activities and witchcraft in Saturday morning cartoons. Being raised in the Christian church for 25 years and teaching Sunday school she is knowledgeable of the Bible, the life of Jesus, Islam, Satanism, Mormonism, Exorcism, and many other isms.
Further studies include the occult activities of secret societies, the Freemasons, magic, sorcery, Kabalistic rituals, and Hollywood trauma-based mind control.
Jamie, with co-writer Freeman, is compiling all of this information into a fully illustrated, well-referenced compendium of the occult mind pattern programming of Hollywood and the Mainstream media in their new book, Weird Stuff Operation: Culture Creation.
Know the truth about Walt Disney Co. and their connection with the military industrial complex. Understand the purpose of Lady Gaga performing a blood sacrifice on American Idol and Madonna’s use of Kabbalah in Super Bowl High Profile Rituals. This book has information for ministers and magi, alike. Easily share this information with your friends with this tabloid style encyclopedia of Illuminati symbolism, pop culture social engineering, and the personal power of esoteric knowledge. Jamie goes where your minister will not dare!
The post Believe it or else! Muslim Attacks – Jamie Hanshaw appeared first on FreemanTV.com.
7th December 2015 By Melissa Joy Jonsson Guest Writer for Wake Up World “Given how sensitive these subtle fields are to our thoughts, we must be very careful when trying to form set ideas about their organization and structure. What we believe about them may in fact help mold and create their structure.” ~ Michael Talbot, …Continue Reading – Love, Creation and Morphic Resonance – The Formula for All Matters in The Love Hologram
Hillary and the UFO Question
by Grant Cameron
Ever since Tim Russert asked Dennis Kucinich the “did you see a UFO” question during the October 30, 2007 Democratic Presidential Debate, there have been a flurry of UFO questions to other White House hopefuls.
Barack Obama, for example, was asked moments after Kucinich if he believed there was life in outer space. He carefully evaded by saying, “I believe there is life on Earth.”
Bill Richardson, the governor of New Mexico has faced the UFO question many times during his 2008 Presidential campaign partly because a few years back he wrote a forward to a book about an archeological dig done in New Mexico looking for evidence of the rumored 1947 flying saucer that crashed outside of Roswell, New Mexico. He has replied to all the UFO questions by saying that he doesn’t believe in UFOs, but thinks the government did not release all the material on the 1947 crash, and is all in favor of the tourism that the UFO subject has brought to Roswell.
John McCain, in reply to a question if he had ever seen one said he’d never seen one, “but I keep looking all the time.” Joe Biden told CNN’s Chris Matthews “No I don’t think there are UFOs.” Republican Mitt Romney said “I’m afraid I do not believe in extraterrestrials visiting Earth.”, but the Republican front runner Rudy Giuliani told an 8-year old that if invaded by evil aliens said, “We’ll be prepared for anything that happens.”
Mike Gravel, the ex-Alaskan senator, said he was a believer, whereas Republican Mike Huckabee said he believed in G-O-D rather than U-F-O. Even ex-president Jimmy Carter got dragged in when Dennis Kucinich defended his sighting, by saying that Jimmy Carter had one prior to his becoming President.
One of the few candidates that has never faced the UFO question is 2016 Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton. This is despite the fact that her 2008 strategist Mark Penn complained that questions about outer space were easy questions compared to what poor Hillary was forced to answer during the October 30th debate. The question remains unanswered in 2015 despite one of the key members of her presidential run, John Podesta, actually hinting to reporters that she be asked the UFO question.
Secondly, it is strange that she has not been asked the UFO question because Hillary has never hidden the fact that she once wanted to be an astronaut, and was turned down by NASA who told her girls need not apply. Hillary also played a role in appointing the first woman, Eileen Collins, as a commander of a space shuttle.
Most importantly, it is strange that Hillary is not asked because Hillary is not exactly a stranger to the subject. As Herald Tribune journalist Billy Cox put it after the 2007 debate where the question was asked of many candidates “you had to wonder if Hillary Clinton’s heart was fluttering just a little harder Tuesday night as Russert asked why her husband had written the National Archives requesting that their correspondences during his White House years remain sealed until 2012.” This might be because Hillary had to know that a good percentage of the FOIAs filed with the Clinton Library deal with the role of the Clintons in trying to bring openness and disclosure to UFOs during Clinton White House years.
The fact that the Clintons, particularly Bill, had an interest in UFOs is no big secret in the UFO research community. After all there are over 1,000 pages of documents from the office of Clinton’s science advisor that were released while Bill was still in office. It was partly these documents that provided the names and dates for all the present FOIAs now sitting in FOIA queues at the Clinton library. These documents are now missing from government files but can be seen at the Paradigm Research website;
In addition Webster Hubbell, Bill Clinton’s close friend and Associate Attorney General at the Justice Department, stated in his 1997 book “Friends in High Places” that Bill Clinton had asked him to look into two items 1) Are there UFOs? and 2) Who killed JFK?
Then during Hillary run for president Bill Clinton received the latest Roswell UFO crash book and other related items from Hollywood writer and director Paul Davids. Bill told Davids, “”You know, I’ve always been really interested in this stuff, and I’m going to read this.”
And so what of Hillary?
Well according to William LaParl, a UFO researcher and friend of top CIA scientist Ronald Pandolfi, (who got the request from Clinton’s science advisor for a briefing on UFOs in 1993), “It was known among the high CIA people, and the people who had contact with these people, that the Clintons were on the prowl for UFOs…”She (Hillary) was almost an equal mover with him on this,” Laparl said. “I would not give him any more weight at all on this UFO thing. If anything she may have slightly been pushing it more than he was. That’s the way I read the situation.”
Moreover LaParl told me that “Hillary even kind of tried to indirectly get me involved, as kind of like an outside researcher …She was putting out feelers that she needed help and stuff like that. They were open to any kind of input along these lines.”
Later UFO researcher Darrel Simms would tell me almost an identical story of a woman claiming to be a friend of Hillary’s coming to him looking for material for Hillary and the President. Later the woman returned stating Hillary and the President enjoyed the material, and there was a way for Simms work to receive funding. Simms turned down what was proposed.
The documents obtained from the White House office of President Clinton’s science advisor to also show Hillary role in the effort to gather UFO material.
◾In a February 5, 1996 letter from Laurance Rockefeller to Clinton’s Science Advisor Dr. Gibbon’s Rockefeller spoke of all the UFO-related material that he and the President’s Science Advisor were gathering. “You indicated,” wrote Rockefeller, “that you will keep the First Lady’s Office informed, and we shall as well.”ÂÂÂÂ
◾Even more dramatic is a letter written by Rockefeller’s lawyer Henry L. Diamond on November 1, 1995 with the draft of a letter on “Lifting Security on Information about Extraterrestrial Intelligence as a Part of the Current Classification Review.” (Diamond was tying UFO disclosure into executive order 12958 on April 17, 1995 issued by Bill Clinton requiring his intelligence agencies to allow for the de facto declassification of papers 25 years or older, provided they did not compromise nuclear secrets, intelligence sources and methods and a host of other security concerns.ÂÂÂ “Attached are: (1) A draft of a letter to the President which Laurance has been discussing with Mrs. Clinton and ÂÂÂ her staff.
◾The stories are almost unanimous opinion within the UFO community that Hillary Clinton sat down with Laurance Rockefeller in August of 1995 (while the Clintons vacationed at his Wyoming ranch) to listen to Rockefeller’s pitch for disclosure. The question the present FOIAs will attempt to answer is was the President also there. He was supposed to be there but received a letter from the Science Advisor days before hinting he should not meet with Rockefeller.ÂÂÂÂ
In a conversation with novelist and UFO research Whitley Strieber Rockefeller stated that Bill Clinton did appear. Strieber spoke about Rockefeller’s UFO discussion with Bill and Hillary.
“He spoke of the time that he had spent with the President and Mrs. Clinton at the JY Ranch in the Grand Tetons in 1995, where he outlined for them the contents of the briefing that he had developed out of Project Starlight (mentioned in many of the first FOIAs coming from the Clinton Library), the 1993 Rockefeller funded program that developed into the Disclosure Project. He said that the Clintons had not commented on the information until the next morning, when, before the President appeared, Mrs. Clinton requested to Mr. Rockefeller that he not bring up the subject again.”
Why? Well during the 1992 presidential campaign Hillary had said “We’ll have a woman President by 2010.” She may have realized she might be that President and should therefore watch which issue she hitches her wagon to.
So we move into the 2016 presidential campaign with a candidate named Hillary who is interested in new age concepts which can be seen by her 1996 channeling of dead people in 1996 with her spiritual advisor Jean Houston. Will she see the UFO question from a media obsessed with more earthly things like Hillary’s hair or her private e-mails? Time will tell. It is probably not a good idea to hold your breath.
In a dingy, cluttered corner of CES, hundreds of startups are hoping to catch a break. Eureka Park may lack the bombast and big budget with which the Las Vegas show has become synonymous, but this is where the business gets done.
By: James Temperton,
The German cabinet has backed plans for military support in the fight against Islamic State (IS) militants in Syria.
Tornado reconnaissance aircraft, a naval frigate and a 1,200-strong force will be sent to the region under the proposals – expected to go for a parliament vote …
Google has apologised after ‘Russian Federation’ was translated to ‘Mordor’ on their Translate service.
By: Emily Reynolds,
Viennaâs chief of police has warned women against venturing into the streets alone, in the wake of highly-publicised sexual assaults in Austria and Germany.
However, police boss Gerhard PÃ¼rstl is now being accused of putting the onus on women to protect themselves from assault, rather …
|(NaturalNews) The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has just released figures indicating that, of those people who signed up for Obamacare in the latest enrollment period, 87 percent will receive financial assistance to lower their monthly premiums.This figure has…|
We so often hear of atrocities that are being committed to humanity and the planet. Whether it be genocide, war, the poisoning of our food, water or air, the manipulation of youth through media, etc, etc. And while this makes a great headline or story, we are never really offered solutions to these problems.
Bizarre: Media invited into San Bernardino shooters’ home – Intentional destruction of the Crime scene
CNN Law Enforcement Analyst Harry Houck is in disbelief that a landlord was able to allow the media into the home of the San Bernardino shooters. Where was the police? They should control the crimes scene of an ongoing investigation. He’s never seen anything like it before.
It’s almost like there is an intentional effort to destroy evidence and disrupt a …
First Google wanted your search traffic, now it wants your blood.
By: Matt Burgess,
Ralf Jaeger, German interior minister for North Rhine-Westphalia, has said that âwhat happens on the right-wing platforms and in chat rooms is at least as awful as the acts of those assaulting the women.â
Jaeger was distressed that the multiple sex attacks on German women by men of âArab or North Africanâ appearance in Cologne on New Yearâs Eve might…
8th January 2016 By Christina Lavers Contributing Writer for Wake Up World By now most of us are aware that the humble bee is not only responsible for creating one of the most natural, health giving, and divinely sweet substances — honey — but also for managing one of the most vital steps in the production of our …Continue Reading – Groundbreaking Study Maps the Decline of Wild Bee Communities in the United States
10th January 2016 By John Vibes It seems that in Western countries, the people who follow the mainstream media and public school narrative have a pretty twisted outlook on how people in other countries live. They like to focus on the absolute worst things that happen in that society, and act like that defines the …Continue Reading – Your Government Needs You to Dehumanize Foreigners – It’s How They Justify Killing Them
The real reason Labour deliberately threw open doors to mass migration in a secret plot to remake a multicultural UK
A draft report from the Cabinet Office shows that ministers wanted to âmaximise the contributionâ of migrants to their âsocial objectivesâ.
The number of foreigners allowed in the UK increased by as much as 50 per cent in the …
Esteemed broadcaster David Attenborough has joined forces with the Natural History Museum to offer visitors a unique VR experience — which they say will “bring you to face to face with the extraordinary community” of the Great Barrier Reef.
By: Emily Reynolds,
A billboard for a dating website along SR 201 in West Valley City is getting a bit of attention, with many Utahns saying the website it advertises represents outdated thinking.
The giant ad for WhereWhitePeopleMeet.com, between 5600 W. and 7200 S., is turning heads and leaving residents with many unanswered questions.
A FOX 13 viewer who wanted to remain anonymous voiced concerns…
The European Union has made many mistakes during my time here. Iâve seen the invention of a currency that has impoverished the Mediterranean, Iâve seen the idealised Schengen area lead to the free movement of Kalashnikovs and every single week and month we see the attempt to create a single state of Europe, which of course the European peoples donât …
Could we have received information about our solar system from extraterrestrials? Inexplicable appearances-disappearance long relegated to the mystical are in closer reach as planetary and solar magnetic fields weaken.
French officers of the gendarmery guard the entrance of the Great Mosque of Paris on Nov. 14, one day after a terrorist attack in Paris. On Dec. 2, police shut down 3 mosques in Paris suburbs for what authorities said was a ‘pattern or radicalization.’
French authorities have shut down three mosques for an alleged “pattern of radicalization,” including one raided …
All day event to start his 2016-17 Worldwide Wake-Up speaking tour that will take him to the United States (New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco), Australia (three cities government visa permitting), New Zealand, Amsterdam, Berlin, Italy, Estonia, Romania, and Manchester (in 2017) with more dates being added.
Limited seating at the Shepherds Bush Empire so book early to ensure a ticket.
MORE THAN HALF THE TICKETS ALREADY GONE IN FIRST TWO WEEKS.
The post David Icke back to the scene of the Wogan Show 25 years on – he was finished, right? appeared first on David Icke.
White 20-year old Female College Student Shot in Head on New Year’s Day by 5 or 6 Young Black Men – Where is the Media Outrage?
Denton Police say a 20-year-old University of North Texas student has died after being taken off life support following a shooting overnight.
Sara Mutschlechner was driving along North Elm Street around 2 a.m. Friday when a black Toyota or Lexus SUV pulled up next to her. Words were exchanged and someone in the SUV opened fire, police said.
Mutschlechner was shot in …
Obama is a sleeper cell… how the destruction of America’s culture, economy and national security was planned from the start
|(NaturalNews) As President Obama is about to make a televised speech this evening, it’s important that America realize who he really is. Obama is a sleeper cell who’s intent is the deliberate destruction of America’s culture, economy and national defense. When President Obama speaks…|
Thanks to official apathy, funds meant for rehabilitation and distribution of medicines have been stalled, putting the lives of as many as 33,391 fluorosis patients in peril
Hyderabad: A lot of hue and cry has been made over of fluorosis-affected districts in the State and volumes have been written about the ill-fated patients of the dreaded disease, but government schemes for the prevention and cure of the chronic condition caused by excessive intake of fluorine compounds seems to be remaining on paper till date.
According to sources, non implementation of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Fluorosis (NPPCF) in three districts of Telangana has left as many in lurch.
The NPPCF was supposed to be implemented in Nalgonda district which tops the list of fluoride affected areas in the entire country, followed by Karimnagar and Mahbubnagar. But, due to delay in the release of funds, implementation of the programme came to a grinding halt.
“Of the 33,391 fluoride-affected people, as many as 21,713 are students have been affected with dental fluorosis. Skeletal fluorosis, non-skeletal fluorosis and crippled fluorosis are a few symptoms of the fluoride-affected people. Though the seriousness of the problem was informed to the officials concerned, there is no change in the situation,” said an official looking after the NPPCF.
What is most worrying is that the Union government has to release Rs 4.12 crore for the financial year 2015-16. But, most of the times the funds are being released in the month of January, and it is taking three months to get the released funds to get deposited in the State account for disbursement under NPPCF. This situation has been defeating the very objective of the NPPCF to provide the much-needed relief to save the people from falling victims in the fluoride-affected districts in Telangana.
The NPPCF programme was first started in Nalgonda district as the number of fluoride cases being reported stood more than those reported from across the country. As per the programme, each of the three fluoride-affected districts of Nalgonda, Karimnagar and Mahbubnagar were allocated Rs 42 crore.
As part of the programme, the staff deployed used to test the urine sample and conduct physical examination of six to 12-year-old students in the schools across the three districts. But, now, due to lack of funds the screening programmes had come to a halt, the sources said.
According to the NPPCF project sources, as many as 20,354 fluoride patients have been suffering with dental fluorosis, 1,999 patients with skeletal fluorosis, 11,016 with non-skeletal fluorosis and 22 patients with crippled fluorosis in three districts. Of the total number of dental fluorosis affected people, 21,713 are school children. What is more worrisome is fluoride has been found in 82 per cent of the urine samples of the students tested.
Adding to the sorry state of affairs, the fund crunch has also hit the rehabilitation and distribution of medicines to fluorosis victims. Wheel chairs, walking sticks and stands distributed under the NPPCF too have been stopped. Sources said that salaries of the staff were not paid for more than one-and-a-half years.
Suspect ID’d in San Bernardino Massacre as Syed Farook – A "very religious" Muslim according to father
Remember what happened during the Charleston shooting? The media described the perpetrator as a “White man” countless times, before it was confirmed that it was Dylann Roof.
Well, now it has been confirmed that …
Kurnool: A sum of Rs 2.3 crore has been released to Kurnool district for setting up 24 reverse osmosis (RO) plants in fluoride-affected villages under the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP).
Speaking to newsmen here on Wednesday, Rural Water Supply Superintending Engineer Bhanu Veera Prasad said the department had already identified the fluoride-hit villages for setting up the RO plants.
An RO plant using nanotechnology would be set up at Kambaladinne village in Peddakadabur mandal on a pilot basis, where the fluoride content in groundwater is very high, the SE said.
Your WIRED.co.uk daily briefing. Today, a cargo flight to the International Space Station has finally launched successfully, UK social media users tell extremists that #YouAintNoMuslimBruv, France is considering a ban on Tor and public Wi-Fi, and more.
|This week on the New World Next Week: Swiss Army chief warns of social unrest; the Bundy psy op divides and conquers; and Making a Murderer makes us all conspiracy theorists.|
Apple could be working on a new augmented reality projector, which would allow it to make computers without even adding a screen.
The company has been granted a patent for an âadaptiveâ projector, reports Patently Apple. The patents seem to refer to a tool …
Trump to Republican Jewish Coalition: "You’re not going to support me because I don’t want your money"
Trump to Republican Jewish Coalition: “Youâre not going to support me because I donât want your money.â #RJCForum
The real estate tycoon, speaking to the Republican Jewish Coalition at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, repeatedly reminded listeners that he is leading all national polls on the primary race, and assured them that he can will win the…
FREE, the Foundation for Research into Extraterrestrial Encounters ( founded by Dr. Edgar Mitchell, [sixth man on the Moon] astronaut and cosmologist, and Rey Hernandez, US Treasury, IRS Estate Tax Attorney ) has been established by various retired Ph.D. Physicists, Ph.D. Scientists, Ph.D. Psychologists, Ph.D. Neuroscientists and lay researchers to facilitate investigations into “UFO related contact experiences with non-human intelligent beings and its associated paranormal activity, from a grounded and rigorous scientific foundation”.
‘The covert alliance between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Zionist entity of Israel should be no surprise to any student of British imperialism.
The problem is the study of British imperialism has very few students. Indeed, one can peruse any undergraduate or post-graduate British university prospectus and rarely find a module in a Politics degree on the British Empire let alone a dedicated degree or Masters degree. Of course if the European led imperialist carnage in the four years between 1914 – 1918 tickles your cerebral cells then it’s not too difficult to find an appropriate institution to teach this subject, but if you would like to delve into how and why the British Empire waged war on mankind for almost four hundred years you’re practically on your own in this endeavour. One must admit, that from the British establishment’s perspective, this is a formidable and remarkable achievement.’
The founder of a Chinese hacking group notorious for breaking copyright protection software on PC games has all but admitted defeat, saying that “in two years’ time I’m afraid there will be no free games to play in the world”.
The quote comes from the pseudonymous “Bird Sister”, who heads up the 3DM piracy collective. And it’s one game in particular that’s driven the group to despair — Square Enix’s recent Just Cause 3, and the extra layers of protection that the PC version enjoys.
By: Matt Kamen,
by Team Spirit In this Antidote interview hosted by Michael Parker, award winning author Graham Hancock delves deep into the mysterious past of Earth’s ancient civilizations that have been come to pass, leaving only clues of their ways of life behind. As Graham thoroughly describes what we have come to know about the remarkable megalithic structures of Göbekli Tepe and […]
Love Has Won By Dana Mrkich, 01/09/2016 We ended 2015 with lots of people experiencing some major sliding doors moments, our family included. Potential or actual accidents that could have ended up much worse but for a few centimetres or seconds. In the aftermath …Continue Reading Here
For years, anyone who questioned the safety of adding fluoride to the public water supply was seen as fringe and anti-science. But recently, water fluoridation has come under closer scrutiny from science, and about 97 percent of tap water in Europe is now fluoride free. Is it time the US took similar steps?
Topical fluoride, in the form of toothpastes and rinses, is effective in combatting tooth decay, but some studies now indicate swallowing fluoride with every drink of water could interfere with neurological development and thyroid function.
Dr. Steven Peckham of the University of Kent conducted an observational study and published a paper in which he found a possible association between fluoridated water and underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, earlier this year.
“We looked at the levels of hypothyroidism in general practice populations across England and found an association, or a risk, of higher levels of hypothyroidism in practices in fluoridated areas,” Peckham says.
Dr. Philippe Grandjean, a professor at the Harvard School of Public Health, has done research that found a correlation between fluoride exposure and lower IQ. Grandjean’s study examined the results of more than 20 other studies that compared Chinese children exposed to various levels of fluoride content in the water. On average, Grandjean says, the difference in performance among those kids was seven IQ points.
Grandjean finds these results very worrisome. Others take issue with both the study’s findings and its methodology, noting that most children in China are exposed to levels of fluoride considerably higher than those in the US.
Fluoride occurs naturally in water. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintains that adding a small amount of additional fluoride helps prevent tooth decay. This has been the practice in most areas of the US since the late 1940s. It is still the practice in 29 of the 30 largest cities in the US, according to LiveScience.com, with Portland, Oregon, the lone exception.
But the Cochrane Collaboration, a global network of doctors and researchers who analyze science to improve public health, suggests the evidence in favor of water fluoridation is not so clear. The group found earlier this year that only three studies since 1975 have established credible links between fluoridated water and cavity prevention.
“Their main conclusions were that there was no evidence to suggest that it reduced inequalities in dental health, that there was no evidence to support that it had a positive effect on adult teeth, and that there was no evidence to suggest that if you stopped water fluoridation, levels of decay would increase,” Peckham says.
The group found strong evidence that fluoride can prevent tooth decay when applied topically. Fluoride that isn’t swallowed doesn’t carry the potential health risks to IQ and the thyroid that Grandjean and Peckham say are a concern.
Peckham says we just don’t know enough when it comes to fluoridated water. “It’s surprising that there hasn’t been a lot of really good-quality research looking at the effects of water fluoridation. If you were to put water fluoridation up now as an intervention, which was to be started, I suspect that on both scientific and ethical grounds, it would not be introduced.”
While these statements may sound a bit frightening to anyone who drinks fluoridated water from a municipal water supply, the other side of the argument is equally forceful, according to major health organizations like the American Dental Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the World Health Organization and the CDC. In fact, the CDC calls fluoridated water one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century.
“Tooth decay remains one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood,” reads a CDC statement on the issue. “Community water fluoridation has been identified as the most cost-effective method of delivering fluoride to all members of the community, regardless of age, educational attainment, or income level.”
Economist and FiveThirtyEight.com contributor Emily Oster came to this conclusion after looking at the evidence on both sides:
“The bottom line is that if you want to build a case against water fluoridation — and, apparently, many people do — it is possible to do so. But the case is weak. The risks are small, and the public health benefits are big. The evidence simply doesn’t favor stopping this practice, nor does it favor blocking it from starting.”
A move by San Marcos to no longer add fluoride to the city’s water supply system could have a small impact on water in Kyle and Buda.
But according to Kyle Utilities Coordinator Jason Biemer, the city has no plans to add fluoride into the city’s water supply, as there are no federal or state laws that mandate it.
“Kyle has no plans to install or otherwise add fluoride to the drinking water,” Biemer said.
It stems from the city’s Nov. 17 city council meeting where Biemer presented information regarding the changes to surface water from the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (GBRA).
GBRA, the entity that operates San Marcos’ water treatment plant, discontinued the use of fluoride in the city’s drinking water supply.
This result was years in the making by a local grassroots organization, Fluoride-Free San Marcos Coalition, via Proposition 1, which San Marcos voters passed in November.
According to Fluoride-Free San Marcos Coalition Facebook’s page, Fluoride is classified as “a neurotoxin by one of the world’s leading medical journals, The Lancet Neurology.”
The coalition claims fluoride, called Hydrofluorosilicic Acid, is “dumped into our water systems courtesy of fertilizer and aluminum factories.”
“It contains lead and arsenic and there is no biochemical process in the body that requires either of these or fluoride,” according to the coalition’s Facebook page.
Fluoride was first added to the water supply in the 1930s to assist with strengthening teeth and preventing cavities.
Various health and medical organizations endorse water fluorination, including the American Dental Association (ADA), American Medical Association (AMA).
But Biemer said there are challenges with fluoride.
“It is a difficult and dangerous chemical to store,” said Biemer, “and would require the construction of a chemical storage unit and delivery system.”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), all water contains at least trace amounts of fluoride and when these trace amounts are not large enough to provide oral health benefits, then fluoride should be added.
The CDC claims 20 million Texans access drinking water that is fluorinated.
Kyle, which receives surface water from the GBRA via San Marcos, has approximately .7 milligrams per liter (mg/L) of fluoride in the water.
“We will always have some fluoride present in our groundwater, and to some degree surface water, by the nature of where the waters come from, and the rock formations they pass over or through on their way to us or the GBRA surface water treatment plant,” Biemer said.
After listening to Biemer’s presentation and weighing all of the facts, council member Shane Arabie held concerns over fluoride in the water supply system.
“It does not sound like the benefits outweigh the hazards,” Arabie said.
Researchers behind the discovery — who were Star Wars fans — called the mammal Xenokeryx amidalae, which means “strange horn Amidala”
By: Cara McGoogan,
I’ve (Aaron) been out of town for nearly the entire month of December and just got back a week ago. Three days were spent at EPD Laboratories, Inc. with Eric Dollard documenting a lof ot he work he has been doing inside the lab with the transverse and longitudinal analog networks and outdoors with the seismic transmission line project. Ten days were spent at a forum with some serious movers and shakers who want to help get this “free energy” science out to mainstream. There are a lot of things coming so stay tuned…
ONLY 119 SEATS LEFT
The 2016 Energy Science & Technology Conference is rapidly coming together – we’re confirming our final list of presenters. Out of 150 seats, there are only 119 left so please register now to lock in your seat. We’re not taking payments until next year and after we have the full list of presenters available. Register now: http://energyscienceconference.com/
TRANSVERSE & LONGITUDINAL ANALOG NETWORKS
Years ago when Eric Dollard was with Borderlands, there were two videos produced that showed experiments with transverse (electromagnetic) and longitudinal (dielectric) analog networks. Eric is now working on the same thing in order to figure out the math necessary to make these networks for the seismic lines, which will completely remove velocity from the equation. That means there is no time delay between one end and the other. Here is one picture with more to come and videos as well – give it a LIKE on FB and share it around!
ADVANCED SEISMIC WARNING SYSTEM TRANSMISSION LINES
Here are some pictures of the seismic system transmission lines – a video will be coming as time permits – just scroll down – the latest posts are at the top.
There are lots more pics of the lab, several interviews, etc. and these will also be coming soon…
A COMMON LANGUAGE FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Here is an update on Eric Dollard’s new paperback, which is originally called Lone Pine Writings. We have been asked for a long time to start putting our books into paperback form.
If you just want the E-book, get a copy here (the link above is for the paperback): Lone Pine Writings E-book
In Eric Dollard’s presentation The Power of the Aether as Related to Music & Electricity, he concluded with a breakdown of JJ Thomson’s equations, which are all about directly engineering the aether. Because of the huge demand this created for more work on JJ Thomson, the next book from Eric will be a few notebooks that focus just on this. There is a huge Volume 1 (made up of 5 notebooks) on transmission systems and numbers 4 & 5 of those 5 notebooks are on JJ Thomson. We’ll be scanning those in and releasing that as an E-book to just get them out there ASAP. When there are the time and resources to have them transcribed for a paperback, we’ll make it available as a paperback, but the next paperback will probably be Versor Algebra Part 1.
TESLA CHARGERS SPECIAL
There are many models of the plug in and solar charge controllers built by John Bedini, which are greatly discounted at 15-20% off.
We get many questions on battery charging and rejuvenation and many of these questions are answered in the 2 free videos on the Tesla Chargers homepage. For THE definitive presentations on battery charging and rejuvenation for flooded cell lead acid batteries, we recommend Battery Secrets and Battery Rejuvenation by Peter Lindemann.
A & P
To kick off 2016 the Birmingham UFO Group BUFOG has invited renowned paranormal investigator Steve Mera back for the second time to talk about a fascinating new documentary series he has played a key role in.
The Phenomena Project is a new television documentary series due for release in 2016 will set the record straight on the validity of a paranormal world that might exist along with our own. According to one of the two fellows that was highly involved in the documentary, “No stone will remain unturned in this quest for answers. A fascinating alliance that could simply ‘blow the lid off’ one of the best kept secrets in the scientific community.”
The host of the show, parapsychologist Steve Mera has spent the best part of 33 years in the research and study of life after death. Now, armed with startling evidence, Steve will reveal some of the behind the scenes footage ‘Phenomena Project’.
Branching out into other areas of the paranormal as well UFOs, this is going to be a fascinating start to the year not to be missed! In addition to Steve’s talk, BUFOG Chairman Dave Hodrien will provide an update on current investigations and we will have our usual raffle and time for banter. Hope to see you there.
Date: Thursday 14th January 2016
Venue: Hot Shots Snooker Club, 100 Crosswells Road, Oldbury, Birmingham B68 8HH
Price: £5.00 members, £5.50 non-members
BUFOG Chairman & Investigator
Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain won Best Action/Adventure Game at The Game Awards in Los Angeles, a win recognising one of the year’s finest titles. Unfortunately, director Hideo Kojima — the man whose singular vision has defined not just this latest instalment but the series as a whole — was prevented from attending by the game’s publisher Konami.
Actor Kiefer Sutherland, who voiced protagonist Snake in The Phantom Pain, accepted the award on Kojima’s behalf, before The Game Awards’ host and producer Geoff Keighley broke from the festivities to explain why.
By: Matt Kamen,
An amateur video posted online reportedly shows Turkish border guards interacting with two men who may be militant members of Daesh, also known as ISIL/The Islamic State.
The footage was filmed close to Zarova Hill in the outskirts of Kobane, a village in northern Syria that has been the site of months of intense fighting between Kurdish forces and Daesh militants.
British fighter jets have taken part in their first airstrikes in Syria, hours after UK lawmakers voted in favor of bombing ISIS strongholds there.
“RAF Tornadoes have just returned from their first offensive operation over Syria and have conducted strikes,” a spokesman for Britain’s Ministry of Defense (MOD) said early Thursday.
The four jets took off from Akrotiri air base in Cyprus, …
They are in a sense. It is the mass of misery around them which feeds these soulless voids their psychic swill. They are akin to psychic carrion pecking the flesh off the people around them who are trying to get a gift some fucker does not need, with money they don’t have, because ‘it’s Christmas and you HAVE to do this…’
More than 500 police officers are hunting for up to seven suspects, thought to be Iraqis, behind a plot targeting train stations
German police are hunting for up to seven people suspected of plotting suicide attacks on people celebrating New Yearâs Eve in the city of Munich.
Some 550 police officers were deployed to hunt down the suspects and secure the city, …
“If you say that, you have to prove it and when they will prove it, Tayyip Erdogan will not stay here.”
ERDOGAN: The Russian leader should not say such a thing. It’s a shame. We have never, never ever had such a trade with terrorist organizations. If you say …
Funimation, the American licensor of Japanese anime, is revamping its streaming service and plans to expand its reach into the UK market in 2016.
By: Matt Kamen,
A 5-star Dubai hotel became engulfed in flames as the city was preparing for New Yearâs Eve celebrations, with 16 people receiving injuries. Firefighters are currently battling the fire at the 302-meter tall Address Downtown Dubai.
It was not immediately clear what caused the fire, which covered …
Activist Post By Claire Bernish The biggest fireworks on New Year’s Eve weren’t any glowing in the night sky above millions of giddy revelers worldwide, but instead came tucked away in another batch of Hillary’s infamous emails made public — and the contents are so explosive, …Continue Reading Here
|(NaturalNews) The World Health Organization (WHO) is getting real about GMOs and coming out about the dangers of the world’s most popular herbicide chemical — glyphosate. The International Agency for Research on Cancer, which reports to WHO, is finally reporting that Monsanto’s glyphosate…|
‘In five months of battling the Kurdish insurgency in southeastern Turkey, Ankara has killed over 160 civilians, according to a rights group report. Among them was an unborn child, whose mother was shot.
In August, Ankara launched a ground operation to crack down on Kurdish fighters linked to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). The violence ended a two-year truce with the Kurdish militants, who have been fighting a guerrilla war for independence for decades. An estimated 10,000 Turkish troops armed with heavy weapons and armored vehicles, including tanks, were deployed.’
The post Over 160 civilians, incl. unborn child, killed in Turkish crackdown on Kurds – report appeared first on David Icke.
In the Academy Awards’ four acting categories, only Idris Elba (âBeasts of No Nationâ) sits among the forecasted nominees at Gold Derby, a website compiling the predictions of two dozen Oscar pundits. (Netflix)
As Motion Picture Academy members cast their ballots for Oscar nominations this week, the biggest issue for many voters isn’t about who might be nominated but about the …
‘Turkey just can’t seem to help itself when it comes to escalations in the Mid-East.
First, Erdogan intentionally reignited the conflict between Ankara and the PKK in an effort to scare the public into nullifying a democratic election outcome. Then, the Turks shot down a Russian warplane near the Syrian border. Finally, in what very well might be an effort to protect Islamic State oil smuggling routes, Erdogan sent 150 troops and two dozen tanks to Bashiqa, just northeast of Mosul in a move that has infuriated Baghdad.
We discussed the troop deployment at length on Saturday in “Did Turkey Just Invade Iraq To Protect Erdogan’s ISIS Oil Smuggling Routes?,” and you’re encouraged to review the analysis in its entirety, but here was our conclusion:’
The post Iraq May Seek ‘Direct Military Intervention From Russia’ To Expel Turkish Troops appeared first on David Icke.
In an incident only slightly more embarrassing than some of the more over the top displays at CES, a Chinese hoverboard-maker’s stand has been raided by US marshals over a patent dispute.
By: Emily Reynolds,
Source: Tashfeen Malik pledged allegiance to Islamic State on Facebook – Attackers’ family lawyer says "it doesn’t make sense"
Tashfeen Malik, who joined husband Syed Rizwan Farook in the San Bernardino mass shooting that killed 14 people, pledged her allegiance to an Islamic State leader in a Facebook posting, two federal law enforcement officials said Friday.
The officials, who were not authorized to speak publicly about the matter, cautioned that the new evidence did not mean that the militant group …
According to the newspaper, the proposal also envisages checking identification documents on public transport and the possibility of closing roads and other bridges.
“A temporary closure of the [Oresund] bridge can provide an additional measure to reduce the risk to public order or internal security affected as a result of the large influx of asylum seekers,” a draft proposal of the …
Sweden has introduced identity checks for travellers from Denmark in an attempt to reduce the number of migrants arriving in the country.
All travellers wanting to cross the Oresund bridge by train or bus, or use ferry services, will be refused entry without the necessary documents.
Rail commuters …
Did Jesus survive the Crucifixion by taking poison on the cross that made him to appear to be dead?
Did he live to the age of 78?
Did he and Mary Magdalene bear children?
NATURAL NEWS The results of a 2004 study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered a significant link between the MMR vaccine (measles, mumps and rubella) and autism in African American boys vaccinated under or around the age 36 months; however, if it weren’t for one whistleblower, you would not have …Continue Reading Here
|(NaturalNews) An international tribunal made up of some of the world’s leading environmental and human rights groups, is set to hold the world’s most evil corporation, Monsanto, accountable for its crimes against nature and humanity.Dubbed “The Monsanto Tribunal,” a cohort of…|
|(NaturalNews) As Natural News fans already know, I rescued two donkeys in 2011 from the Texas fires that devastated the region. I nursed them back to good health, and late last year, they gave birth to a baby donkey named Hosanna. (See pictures here.)I’ve always had a tremendous…|
A major component of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine’s Human Gene-Editing Initiative is an international summit to take place December 1-3 in Washington, D.C. Co-hosted with the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the U.K.’s Royal Society, the summit will convene experts from around the world to discuss the scientific, ethical, and governance issues associated with human gene-editing research.
Watch the live webcast below!
International Summit on Human Gene Editing: A Global Discussion
Chinese Academy of Sciences The Royal Society
U.S. National Academy of Sciences U.S. National Academy of Medicine
National Academy of Sciences Building 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418
December 1-3, 2015
Tuesday, 1 December 2015
Welcome and Introductions
Summit Committee Chair David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology
Congressman Bill Foster (D-11th District, Illinois)
John P. Holdren, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
Representatives of the Convening Organizations:
Ralph J. Cicerone, U.S. National Academy of Sciences Victor J. Dzau, U.S. National Academy of Medicine Zhihong Xu, Chinese Academy of Sciences
John Skehel, The Royal Society
Context for Summit
Summit Planning Committee Chair David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology
Context Through Three Lenses: Scientific, Historical, Legal
Ismail Serageldin, The Library of Alexandria
Klaus Rajewsky, Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine Daniel J. Kevles, New York University
Alta Charo, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Jennifer A. Doudna, University of California, Berkeley
Maria Jasin, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Emmanuelle Charpentier, Max Planck Institute of Infection Biology Jin-Soo Kim, Seoul National University / Institute for Basic Science Jonathan Weissman, University of California, San Francisco
J. Keith Joung, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School
Bill Skarnes, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
Feng Zhang, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT
Scientific Background on Gene Editing Technologies
Comments from the Floor
Applications of Gene Editing Technology: Human Germline Modification
Robin Lovell-Badge, The Francis Crick Institute Peter Braude, King’s College London
Kyle Orwig, University of Pittsburgh
George Q. Daley, Boston Children’s Hospital
George Church, Harvard Medical School
Azim Surani, Wellcome Trust Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge
Comments from the Floor
Societal Implications of Emerging Technologies
Annelien L. Bredenoord, University Medical Center Utrecht John Harris, University of Manchester
Hille Haker, Loyola University Chicago
Marcy Darnovsky, Center for Genetics and Society
Sharon F. Terry, Genetic Alliance
Eric Lander, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT
Comments from the Floor
Limits to Our Understanding
5:45 – 7:00 pm
International Summit on Human Gene Editing: A Global Discussion
Chinese Academy of Sciences The Royal Society
U.S. National Academy of Sciences U.S. National Academy of Medicine
National Academy of Sciences Building 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418
December 1-3, 2015
Wednesday, 2 December 2015
Summit Planning Committee Chair David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology
Applications of Gene Editing Technology: Basic Research
Duanqing Pei, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Rudolf Jaenisch, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Janet Rossant, The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto
Jinsong Li, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Comments from the Floor
Applications of Gene Editing Technology: Somatic Cell Therapy
Adrian Thrasher, University College London
Fyodor Urnov, Sangamo BioSciences
Matthew Porteus, Stanford University
Weizhi Ji, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chad Cowan, Harvard University
Marco Weinberg, The Scripps Research Institute
Comments from the Floor
Governance at the Institutional and National Level
Pilar N. Ossorio, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Morgridge Institute for Research
Jonathan Kimmelman, McGill University
Barbara J. Evans, University of Houston Law Center
Zhihong Xu, Peking University Jennifer Merchant, Université Paris II
Comments from the Floor
Governance at the International Level
Indira Nath, All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Gary Marchant, Arizona State University
Thomas Reiss, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
Philip Campbell, Nature
Comments from the Floor
Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker, Gene Center Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich
Fola Esan, Nigerian Academy of Sciences (Nigeria)
Bärbel Friedrich, Leopoldina — the German National Academy of Sciences (Germany)
Pierre Jouannet, Université Paris Descartes (France)
Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Shaare Zedek Medical Center and Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel)
Keymanthri Moodley, Stellenbosch University (South Africa)
Staffan Normark, Karolinska Institute (Sweden)
K. Vijay Raghavan, Department of Biotechnology, Government of India (India)
International Summit on Human Gene Editing: A Global Discussion
Chinese Academy of Sciences The Royal Society
U.S. National Academy of Sciences U.S. National Academy of Medicine
National Academy of Sciences Building 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418
December 1-3, 2015
Thursday, 3 December 2015
Summit Planning Committee Chair David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology
Moderator: Françoise Baylis, Dalhousie University Speakers: Tetsuya Ishii, Hokkaido University
Catherine Bliss, University of California, San Francisco Ruha Benjamin, Princeton University
Comments from the Floor
Governance, Regulation, and Control
Moderator: Hank Greely, Stanford University
Speakers: David Relman, Stanford University and VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Richard Gold, McGill University
Charis Thompson, University of California, Berkeley
Comments from the Floor
Going Forward: Closing Thoughts
Summit Committee Chair David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology
Iâve just been watching the BBCâs Newsnight, in which the presenter Ewan Davies was told by the German politican Marcus Pretzel that one thousand men âof North African descentâ surrounded women at the New Year celebrations in Cologne and terrorised, groped and raped them. Yes, thatâs one thousand men.
Pretzel also went on to to say that it wasnât just in…
|(NaturalNews) A doctor in India has been arrested after he attempted to secretly burn the body of a patient who had died under his care. Preliminary charges have been filed against him for murder and destroying evidence.The incident took place in the southern city of Hyderabad…|
Indeed, the climate on the planet has been going haywire. And it is man-caused — but not by us driving our cars and powering our gadgets, but by weather engineers who think they are god but are not smart enough to do as good a job as nature. They love the “climate change” alarmist who blame the wrong things. (PESN; December 22, 2015)
The worldâs oldest tree, a 9,500-year-old Norwegian Spruce named âOld Tjikko,â after Professor Leif Kullmanâs Siberian husky, continues to grow in Sweden. Discovered in 2004 by Kullman, professor of Physical Geography at UmeÃ¥ University, the age of the tree was determined using carbon-14 dating.
âDuring the ice age sea level was 120 meters lower than today and much…
11th January 2016 By Nanice Ellis Contributing Writer for Wake Up World Perfectionism is sneaky – on the surface it sounds like it could be a good thing. After all, what’s wrong with perfection? It is true that perfectionism is a strategy for success, but when you measure success by your ability to be consistently …Continue Reading – The Cure for Perfectionism (A Sneaky Name for Self-Judgment!)
Evidence on the health benefits of adding fluoride to drinking water will be heard by a council watchdog.
Wakefield Council has been advised to consider the move after research showed 40 per cent of five-year-olds and one in five three-year-olds had decayed teeth.
The council’s Caring for our People overview and scrutiny committee will hear a presentation from Public Health England on water fluoridation on Thursday.
Water fluoridation, which was last considered for the district in 2007, has been controversial in some parts of the country, where it met with a backlash from campaigners who said it could be harmful to health.
Betty Rhodes, who chairs the scrutiny committee, said: “It is important to emphasise that the committee is at a very early stage in the process and no immediate decisions are to be taken on this.
“At this point we are simply looking to establishing whether or not the available evidence is of sufficient quality to warrant further investigation.”
Latest research shows that the Wakefield district’s rates of tooth decay are above average, and the problem is more likely to affect people from deprived backgrounds.
Between a quarter and a third of the district’s school children reported drinking fizzy drinks every day, and more than a quarter ate confectionary daily.
Calcium fluoride occurs naturally in most water supplies but falls short of the amount deemed helpful to oral health.
It is artificially added to tap water in a handful of local authority areas in the UK, but in the US around 70 per cent of people drink fluoridated water.
|This week on the New World Next Week: new tech aims to authenticate citizen journalist footage; the NSA pretends to shut down its metadata collection program; and a group proposes a third amendment challenge to the NSA.|
Yesterday we received $675 from 14 donors, bringing our running total up to $11,306 from 54 donors. Thanks to all who have donated so far–and for everything else you are doing to end fluoridation.
Today we have another incredible fundraising challenge. One of our most generous supporters has pledged to double everything we raise today – that’s up to midnight pacific time.
Please consider making a contribution towards FAN’s goal of raising $200,000 by midnight Dec 31.
To make a tax-deductible donation you can either:
- Donate online using our secure server.
- Or by check – please make checks payable to Fluoride Action Network and send to: FAN, c/o Connett, 104 Walnut Street, Binghamton NY 13905
P.S.–If you want your child’s (or grandchild’s) image to be on a card in a deck of cards (“52 beautiful reasons to end fluoridation”) please send us an electronic image of them holding or drinking a glass of water to firstname.lastname@example.org asap.
The Top Fluoride-Free Videos of 2015
2015 brought the fluoride-free movement some great content captured on film. And in this day and age, where most people—especially elected officials—don’t take the time or have the time to read through reams of fluoridation research and written materials, videos are becoming more important in the quest to educate people about the dangers of water fluoridation. To this end, the Fluoride Action Network has created FAN TV, where everyone can have free access to an extensive catalogue of films covering nearly every aspect of the fluoridation issue.
Before we take a look at FAN TV, the following are some of the top fluoridation videos of 2015, in no particular order:
- Our Daily Dose: a brilliant and beautiful 20-minute film on fluoridation directed and produced by filmmaker Jeremy Seifert (director of the acclaimed documentary “GMO OMG”), which has already been viewed by over 50,000 people in less than a month. Made with a deft artistry, the film packs a powerful punch, and should be shared with friends, family, neighbors, the media, and elected officials. The film can also be downloaded for easy sharing via DVD (for $10).
- Ed Begley, Jr’s Dallas PSA: Actor and environmentalist, Ed Begley, Jr.’s persuasive commercial for Dallas, Texas calling for an end to fluoridation.
- Michael Connett’s Presentation on IQ and Brain Studies: FAN’s new Executive Director, Michael Connett, Esq., presents the mounting evidence that fluoride reduces IQ in children at FAN’s Fifth Citizen’s Conference on Fluoride. Doug Cragoe filmed this presentation in September 2014, but the footage wasn’t available until 2015. The IQ studies are just the “tip of the iceberg” when animal and non-IQ studies are considered.
- East Brunswick Fluoridation Debate: Watch FAN’s former Executive Director and environmental chemist, Paul Connett, PhD debate periodontist and former President of the New Jersey Dental Association, Richard Kahn, DDS on the safety, ethics, and effectiveness of fluoridation in East Brunswick, New Jersey. The video also features legal expert David Lonsky, Esq, who reviews the U.S. legal issues stemming from fluoridation practice.
- Paul Connett’s Denver Water Board Presentation: A 30-minute edited video of Paul Connett’s presentation to the Denver water board, closing remarks, and follow-up interview. You can also watch the full three-hour fluoridation information session with a panel of experts on both sides of the issue. Here is the meeting agenda and Powerpoint presentation for every speaker.
- The Girl Against Fluoride Conference Presentation: Aisling Fitzgibbon, aka The Girl Against Fluoride‘s presentation at FAN’s Fifth Citizens Conference on Fluoride. She describes how fellow campaigners can take advantage of specific public relations strategies to inform the public about the dangers of fluoridation. Doug Cragoe filmed this presentation in September 2014, but the footage wasn’t available until 2015.
- Paul Connett on the Health Risks of Fluoridation: A well-made 20-minute video put together by Mercola.com featuring a succinct explanation of the health risks associated with fluoridation. It’s a powerful, short video that ought to be shared with all elected officials.
- Dr. Sandra Young-Why I Oppose Fluoridation: A 9-minute video featuring the testimony of Sandra Young, MD before the Arkansas State Health Board. The retired physician explains her opposition to fluoridation.
- Why Experts Oppose Fluoridation in Texas: Several medical and scientific experts each provide very short videos (less than 3 minutes) explaining why Dallas should end fluoridation. Experts include:
FAN’s Video Archives
The Fluoride Action Network has created an archive of professional quality videos on F.A.N.TV, which is home to a comprehensive catalogue of both full-length documentaries and short clips on fluoridation that are free to the general public. The videos feature FAN’s interviews with leading figures in fluoride research on the health concerns with current fluoride exposures and the history/politics of the water fluoridation program. There is both archival footage and contemporary clips.
Some of the films that can be found on FAN TV include:
- Professional Perspectives on Water Fluoridation: Featuring a Nobel Laureate in Medicine, three scientists from the National Research Council’s landmark review on fluoride, as well as dentists, medical doctors, and leading researchers in the field, this professionally produced 28 minute DVD presents a powerful indictment of the water fluoridation program.
- 10 Facts About Fluoride: Attorney and FAN Executive Director Michael Connett summarizes 10 basic facts about fluoride that should be considered in any discussion about whether to fluoridate water. To download the flyer that accompanies this video, click here.
- The Fluoride Deception: An interview with Christopher Bryson, an award-winning journalist, former BBC producer, and author of “The Fluoride Deception”.
- Response to Dr. Wu: Dr. Jay Levy, a practicing dentist in Portland, exposes the demonstrably false claims recently made by Dr. Phillip Wu, in a video made by the pro-fluoridation advocacy group Healthy Kids, Healthy Portland.
- The Benefits of Water Fluoridation?: A succinct review of recent research showing that fluoridating water provides little to no benefit to teeth.
- William Hirzy, PhD & the EPA Union on Fluoridation: On June 29th, 2000, Dr. William Hirzy was invited to give testimony before a subcommittee of the U.S. Senate. At the time, Dr. Hirzy was serving his sixth term as the Senior Vice-President of EPA’s Headquarters Union of Scientists and Professionals. His presentation that day was, “Why EPA’s Union of Professionals Opposes Fluoridation.” This is a video that documents the presentation along with interviews with Dr. Hirzy where he describes the reasoning behind the professional and official stance of his Union members in direct opposition to the EPA’s administrative support of fluoridation.
- The Politics of Fluoride: A short 5-minute introduction to how political pressures have thwarted scientific inquiry into fluoride’s risks. The video features interviews with several scientists, including Sir Iain Chalmers and Dr. Phyllis Mullenix.
- Why I Changed My Mind on Fluoridation: In this 1998 interview, Dr. John Colquhoun (dentist, researcher, and former Principle Dental Officer for the Auckland, New Zealand Health District) explains why he went from being New Zealand’s leading promoter of fluoridation to being an opponent of the practice. Despite its technical limitations, this is Paul Connett’s favorite interview.
- The Arizona Fluoridation Debate: An unprecedented full one-on-one Lincoln/Douglas style debate with powerpoint presentations featuring FAN’s Director and co-author of “The Case Against Fluoride”, Paul Connett, PhD, squaring off against Arizona dentist and long-time fluoridation proponent, Howard Farran, DDS.
- Ed Asner: Fluoride should be a choice, not a mandate: In this short PSA, Ed Asner explains why he opposes water fluoridation. He states that “common sense and common decency” suggest that, no matter how much a dentist or doctor might like a given medicine, in this case fluoride, they have no right to force it on an entire community, including those who don’t want it and those who are particularly vulnerable to harm.
- Ed Begley, Jr.: Many studies link fluoride to reduced IQ: In this short PSA, Begley addresses recent research linking elevated fluoride exposure to reduced IQ. Based on this and other research, Begley has added his voice to the growing number of people calling for an end to fluoridation.
- Why Seattle Should End Fluoridation: Paul Connett, PhD, Executive Director of the Fluoride Action Network, speaking in Seattle at the Town Hall Theater, March 17, 2014, on the health risks of the practice of water fluoridation and the propaganda that keeps this foolish practice still in place. The original video is 90 minutes long but has been edited down to a more manageable 58 minutes to make it a length suitable for posting on public access TV. This video should be standard viewing for everyone involved with individual campaigns. Check with your local access TV channel to see how to get it aired in your community.
Additional Recommended Videos Not on FAN TV
- Fluoridegate: An American Tragedy: A film produced by David Kennedy, DDS. It’s a revealing and startling look into the practice of fluoridation and how the government, industry, and trade associations protect and promote the practice (the “policy”) regardless of the known health risks and the growing number of victims. Particularly dramatic is the interview with the Washington DC lawyer who defended Dr. William Marcus, the EPA toxicologist who was wrongfully dismissed from his position with the Office of Water for raising questions about the way the fluoride toxicity issue was being handled by his department.
- The Toxic Truth About Fluoride and Its Health Danger: This three-minute video from Dr. Mercola is a quick and creative introduction to the issue of water fluoridation and the arguments against the practice to share with your friends, family, and co-workers. Earlier this year Dr. Mercola also released this great 3-minute video, and last year he released a similar short video overview of fluoridation that you can see here.
- The Great Fluoride Debate 2014: A debate held in Prince George, British Columbia, which later voted to end the practice. In this video Dr. Connett debates Dr. Todd Whitcombe, an Associate Professor at the University of Northern British Columbia.
- Interview with Dr. Hans Moolenburgh: A General Practitioner, explaining what he and other doctors saw when the Netherlands started fluoridating the drinking water, and why they campaigned to successfully end the practice. You can also see Dr. Moolenburgh discuss infant exposure to fluoride in this video appeal to the American Dietetic Association a few years ago.
- Paul Connett’s presentation at the 2014 IAOMT Conference: Paul’s presentation at the annual 2014 annual conference of the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (IAOMT).
- Fluoride is Poison: The international television news program Breaking the Set with host Abbey Martin ran a great story on the dangers of fluoridation. Abbey’s show is on the Russian Today television network and is broadcast to more than 550 million viewers in over 100 countries.
- Pennsylvania forum discussion on fluoridation: A public TV station in Pennsylvania held this informative one-hour forum on fluoridation, featuring Michael Connett, Michal Meyer of the Chemical Heritage Foundation, and Dr. Craig Collison.”
- Professor Mark Diesendorf talks about fluoride and infants: In a recent interview, this Australian Professor tells the story of his fight with the “Pediatrics” journal in the 1990’s when he discovered that scientists had severely underestimated infant fluoride intake levels. This is an interesting story and takes about 11 minutes.
- New Zealand Dentists Speak Out Against Fluoridation: A powerful video featuring several dentists sharing their reasons for opposing water fluoridation. You can also view a video of Dr. Lawrie Brett speaking out individually.
- How Safe is Drinking Water: A 30-minute interview with Bill Osmunson, DDS, MPH, about the lack of safety or effectiveness of fluoridation.
If your favorite fluoride video from 2015 is not on our list, please let us know by sending a short description and a link to (email@example.com), so we can share it in a future bulletin.
Fluoride Action Network
The integration of Syrian and Iraqi refugees is facing a terrifying challenge in rural Austria this holiday season.
Officials in the village of Virgen worried about how new arrivals from the Middle East would react to the local tradition of meeting so-called “Christmas Devils” who pretend to abduct kids.
“In the first week of December, the good, gift-bringing St. Nicholas wanders…
A Read Part 1 here: Cosmic Lessons: The Great Meteor Procession of 1913 The end of October and early November have always been dense with symbolical significance in quite a surprising number of traditions inherited from former times. We in the modern western world have seen a revival in the observance and celebration of Halloween, originating from a Celtic […]
The Investigatory Powers Bill is a piece of legislation that will give police new surveillance power allowing them to pursue anonymous and known Internet bullies, according to the UK Times.
Cyberbullying is using information and communication technologies to deliberately and repeatedly behave in a manner intended to harass, threaten, humiliate or harm others.
So based on…
Running on financial fumes, the Obama Administration now planning on confiscating retirement accounts and pensions across the nation
|(NaturalNews) Strapped for cash and eager to expand social entitlement programs and government dependency, President Obama is proposing to generate hundreds of billions of dollars in new revenues for the government by taxing, of all things, your retirement.For the past couple…|
We’re taking a look at the background of the case in this special preview of an article by Deputy Editor Greg Williams from a future issue of WIRED magazine.
By: Greg Williams,
San Bernardino Shooting: Farook was In contact with extremists domestically and abroad over several years
Mr. Farook was in contact over several years with extremists domestically and abroad, including at least one person in the United States who was investigated for suspected terrorism by federal authorities in recent years.
Syed FarookThe FBI has evidence that Syed Farook, one of the two shooters in the San Bernardino attack on Wednesday, had been in contact with extremists both …
If you want a lesson on how to manipulate gold prices, you need only look at what Goldman Sachs Group Inc. has been doing over the past few months.
Goldman set the table by predicting a turn in gold prices back in December 2012, which no doubt contributed to the precious metal’s 5% decline in the first two months of the …
Hundreds of villages in the desert district of Barmer received clean and safe drinking water as a New Year gift. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed today between the Public Health and Engineering Department of Rajasthan and Cairn Enterprise Centre Society. As per the MoU, water plants will be established and maintained to provide clean and safe drinking water to more than 800 villages in Barmer.
The MoU was signed in presence of Principal Secretary PHED JC Mohanty and Head of CSR at Cairn India Manoj Aggarwal. PHED’s Chief Engineer NK Jain and Cairn’s Sidhartha Balakrishnan signed the MoU. Barmer has an acute shortage of quality drinking water and the available underground water is unsuitable for drinking, having high saline TDS of more than 3000 with high fluoride content. Several prevalent water borne diseases impact the quality of life in this district and also lead to a high incidence of diarrhoea, which in turn leads to a high Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) as well as Maternal Mortality (MMR) in the area, apart from widespread incidence of fluorosis, said Mr Mohanty. Cairn has planned a major CSR intervention to support the Government of Rajasthan (GoR) on water treatment to make the available water safe drinking and its delivery to households, he added. The initiative involves setting up of 333 small scale Reverse Osmosis (RO) plants (1000 to 3000 lph capacity) over the next three years to provide safe drinking water to a large number of people (estimated in excess of one million) living in 800 villages. Cairn’s intervention to provide safe drinking water to the community focuses on Barmer district, part of Thar Desert, which is said to be the most densely populated arid zone in the world with a population density of 90 people per square km. Accordingly, Cairn India initiated the ‘JeevanAmrit’ pilot project, in collaboration with the PHED, Government of Rajasthan, to ensure safe drinking water to the communities in the districts of Barmer and Jalore through the establishment of Reverse Osmosis (RO) facilities. At present, for the pilot project, Water Committee is responsible for collecting all user charges and operations & maintenance of the RO facility. The model Cairn have adopted ensures widespread distribution at the point of consumption. Water ATW (Any-time Water) kiosks have been established at a number of access points; the community is provided with pre-paid smart cards, with which they can access water at their convenience in a manner similar to the access provided by bank ATM machines. In addition, Cairn have partnered with a few local entrepreneurs to run a ‘water on wheels’ system (called ‘jalrath’). Power availability remains unreliable in some areas of Barmer. To address this issue, Cairn is providing for solar powered RO plants in this project, said Ayodhya Prasad, Deputy Manager, Public Relations.
A specially designed insect cinema may sound like a set piece from a Wes Anderson film, but researchers at Newcastle University have used one to confirm that the praying mantis uses 3D perception, opening the door to improving visual perception in robots.
By: Emily Reynolds,
Marvel has revealed the first story details for its upcoming Civil War II, a sequel to the 2007 mega-event that tore the comics universe apart.
Unlike the original crossover, which saw Captain America and Iron Man leading factions of Marvel heroes who took up arms over a Superhuman Registration Act, the next battle royale will see the heroes divided over themes of personal responsibility.
By: Matt Kamen,
Virgin Galactic has announced it will launch satellites from a trans-Atlantic aircraft repurposed as an aerial rocket platform.
By: Michael Rundle,
Calculation: You put eight megawatts into an induction system, and you get a net 100 MW power out — self-looped — for the grid, at a cost of 2-3 cents/kW-h, with no emissions. A perfect retrofit for decommissioned coal plants. A by-product of this process is the production of medical-grade water (very clean). (PESN; December 21, 2015)
45 million Americans now on food stamps … That’s 45 million people who will erupt into social chaos when the free money stops flowing
|(NaturalNews) The number of Americans receiving food stamps exceeds 45 million – a level which has remained relatively constant for more than four years now. That figure accounts for nearly 20 percent of the population of the country.In 1969, there were 2,800,000 Americans…|
|James Corbett joins Bonnie Faulkner of Guns and Butter to discuss his documentaries “How Big Oil Conquered the World” and “9/11 Trillions: Follow the Money.”|
Pub chain JD Wetherspoon has been hit by a security breach affecting 656,723 customers — four times as many as the recent TalkTalk hack.
By: Emily Reynolds,
|(NaturalNews) One timeless question that social researchers have often asked regarding welfare assistance is whether such assistance is generational. In other words, if parents are dependent on welfare and other taxpayer-supported assistance programs, will their children become dependent…|
Mysterious waves of snowballs have washed ashore on a Maine lake, leaving residents in the area both confused and intrigued
Land art and sculpture artist David Allen captured the waves on Sebago Lake on video, and described the natural phenomenon as ‘being from another planet’.
He saw the thousands of snowballs on Tuesday, after the first snowstorm of the year hit the …
‘US-led coalition warplanes have inflicted a missile strike on a camp of Syrian regular troops in the Deir ez Zor province, killing three soldiers. Damascus has slammed the incident as an “act of aggression.” This is the first time coalition planes have hit Syrian troops.
The Syrian government has confirmed that there are three casualties and 13 personnel injured, as well as a number of military vehicles destroyed. The coalition jets fired nine missiles at an army camp in the Deir ez Zor province, which remains mostly under the control of Islamic State. The incident is the first of its kind since the coalition started to bomb Syrian territory more than a year ago.’
The post Syria slams US-led coalition deadly strike against troops as ‘act of aggression’ appeared first on David Icke.
Every day seems to bring with it the advent of a new social networking platform, complete with promises of new and innovative ways to connect with friends. But for every Snapchat or Twitter there’s an Ello or a MySpace — sites that have tried, and failed, to retain users after the sheen of novelty has worn off.
Enter Peach, the latest in this long line of social networking apps
By: Emily Reynolds,
Help us to expand funding for the Humanity+ Web presence. Together we can build a smart, reliable and effective global knowledge-center for transhumanist thinking.
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The post End of Year Fundraiser for Humanity+ Global Web Presence appeared first on h+ Media.
12th January 2016 By Zen Gardner Contributing Writer for Wake Up World Until we truly realize our full potential and effect, both individually and collectively, we can easily live in a state of semi-conscious discouragement and disempowerment when it needn’t be that way. Our warfare is primarily spiritual. Yet spirituality manifests in many ways, and much …Continue Reading – Yank the Morphic Rug!
A bouncer who was working at a nearby hotel during the mass molestation of women in Cologne on New Years Eve by Arab and North African migrants has revealed how police told him they thought the situation resembled a âcivil warâ.
Ivan Jurcevic, who was working directly opposite Cologne Cathedral when the …
Here is the proposed ad that Laurance Rockefeller was proposing to place in The News York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times and others, if the Clinton administration refused to deal with him regarding UFOs in 1993.
On the subject of UFO Phenomena –
What Do You Know? When Did You Learn It?
Have you Shared it With Congress?
When Will You Talk To The American People About It?
The Subject is as Important as any We Will Ever Face. Don’t try to go it Alone.
This Information Belongs to the World.
Yesterday (Dec 2) we received a total of $4,605 from 21 supporters, this combined with our Dec 1 total ($2,452 from 19 supporters) and the remaining $3,774 from a matching pledge, brings our current grand total to $10,631 from 40 supporters.
Please consider making a contribution towards FAN’s goal of raising $200,000 by midnight Dec 31. Most of our funding each year comes from our individual supporters who are on the frontline campaigning against fluoridation. If you wish to help FAN’s campaign to end water fluoridation – and especially in the U.S. where this reckless practice began – please donate today.
(See donation details below)
Face to face with our opponents
As our readers and supporters well know the proponents of fluoridation simply deny any evidence of harm and plough ahead in their promotion of this reckless practice. They can get away with this because they have millions of dollars (some of it provided by taxpayers) to spend on propaganda while the media is doing a lousy job of providing any in-depth coverage of the issue. However, this policy of “denial” comes unstuck when on very rare occasions fluoride proponents find themselves in a public meeting or media event where both sides have an equal chance of providing their case. It is thus very important that when these rare events occur that they are recorded allowing the public to see and hear both sides when they come face to face (or microphone to microphone).
There were two important occasions where this happened in 2015.
1) The 45-minute public TV debate from East Brunswick NJ where FAN’s past director Paul Connett squared off against Dr. Ritchie Kahn, past president of the NJ Dental association.
2) The 30-minute debate that took place on a public radio station from Pennsylvania in November where Michael Connett, FAN’s current director, took on a dentist and two officials from the PA Department of Health. Fortunately the radio host knew the issue very well, which helped to balance out the 3 against 1 situation.
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|(NaturalNews) Modern-day China is seeing a resurgence of pro-communist sentiment that is manifesting itself as vicious attacks on bloggers, journalists, academics and others who are deemed disloyal to Maoist ideals. But there are striking similarities between this type of political…|
“The first 2500 units of the GDS5000 will be released and ready for delivery by July 5, 2016.” Accepting applications for distributorships. No distributorship fees. More plant photos posted. (Pure Energy Blog; January 8, 2016)
Romanian replicator has posted a video showing his MaGrav system doing some very unusual things. He shows the watt meter on the wall outlet indicating a LOWER watt level AFTER he turns on a television plugged into the system. His description reads: “Proof of power reduction from about 107W to 34 W after 10 days of conditioning!” (PESN; December 23, 2015)
Dusseldorf, the neighbouring city to migrant sex attack capital Cologne is the first German city to see a new citizen protection league since the new yearâs attacks, with thousands signing up to do their part.
Declaring âone for all, and all for oneâ, the motto of Sweden and a saying commonly associated with the Three Musketeers the new âDusseldorf is…
France’s far-right National Front (FN) appears to be on course for an historic breakthrough in regional elections this weekend, with the country still traumatised by last month’s Paris terror attacks.
The party’s leader Marine Le Pen looks set to take the former Socialist heartland in the economically depressed northern region of Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, while her 25-year-old niece…
|(NaturalNews) When an amateur astronomer in the UK spots something on Mars that’s unusual and unnoticed by NASA, or at least not mentioned by NASA, it begs the question: what is NASA not telling us?A BBC report explained that several amateur astronomers around the globe have noticed…|
I have written a lot about the prospects of widespread technological unemployment; I have also written a lot about the ethics of human enhancement. Are the two topics connected? Yes. At least, that’s what Michele Loi tries to argue in his recent paper “Technological Unemployment and Human Disenhancement”. In this post, I want to analyze his argument and offer some mild criticisms. I do so in a constructive spirit since I share similar views.
As you might guess from the title, Loi’s claim is that the displacement of human workers by machines could lead to widespread human disenhancement. This is due to the differential impact of technological unemployment on the mass of human workers: some will find that technology has an enhancing effect, but most will not. This is supported largely, though not entirely, by the work of the economist David Autor. Autor is famous for describing the polarisation effect that technology is having on the workforce. In essence, Loi’s argument is that this polarisation effect is likely to result in disenhancement.
This might sound confusing right now but it should all make sense by the end of the post. I’ll break the discussion down into four main parts. I’ll start by looking more closely at the concept of ‘disenhancement’; then I’ll outline Loi’s main argument; then I’ll look at his defence of that argument; and then I will close by presenting some limited criticisms of that argument.
1. The Concept of Disenhancement
One of Loi’s goals is to demonstrate that there is an interesting connection between the economic debate about technological unemployment, and the bioethical debate about human enhancement. To prove this he needs to define his terms. Since ‘disenhancement’ is simply the inverse of ‘enhancement’, it makes sense to start with the latter. But anyone who has been paying attention to the enhancement debate for the past decade or so will know that clear definitions are an elusive quarry. There are so many sub-categories, sub-definitions and terminological kerfuffles, that it is hard to keep up. Loi says we need to understand two things to keep up with his argument.
The first is the distinction between traditional ‘functional’ definitions of enhancement and more recent ‘welfarist’ definitions. The distinction can be characterised in the following manner (this does not follow exactly what is presented in Loi’s article):
Functional Enhancement: Person X is enhanced if their capacities and abilities are improved (or added to) relative to some species-level or population-level functional norm.
Welfarist Enhancement: Person X is enhanced if the likelihood of their life going well is improved, relative to some set of circumstances.
Functional enhancement is more in keeping with what people generally mean when they think about enhancement. It assumes that there is some normal level of human ability and that the enhancing effect of a technology or intervention must be judged relative to that norm. Welfarist enhancement is a slightly more recent development, associated largely with the work of Savulescu and Kahane. It focuses on the individual’s welfare, not the general norm, and holds that the enhancing effect of a technology or intervention must be judged relative to the individual’s life and circumstances. The functional definition is inherently moralised because of how it implicates a norm; the welfarist definition is more about prudential well-being and hence less moralised. Loi wants his argument to cover both types of enhancement.
The other thing Loi wants us to understand is the distinction between broad and narrow forms of enhancement. These concern the nature of the enhancing intervention and can be characterised as follows:
Narrow Enhancements: Biomedical technologies that directly target biological capacities and have an enhancing effect.
Broad Enhancements: Any intervention — including non-biomedical technology, education, political governance etc — with an enhancing effect.
Although much of the bioethical debate is concerned with narrow forms of enhancement, Loi thinks it is difficult to maintain a principled distinction between the two. Indeed, the fuzziness of the distinction is something that is routinely exploited by proponents of enhancement. They often try to argue for biomedical enhancements on the grounds that they are not substantially different from broader enhancements to which no one has an objection. John Harris is probably the quintessential exponent of such arguments.
If you like, you could categorise enhancement arguments using these four concepts — as in the diagram below. This might help you better understand the argument you are dealing with.
In fact, it might even help us to understand Loi’s argument. Loi’s argument uses a broad definition of enhancement, and focuses on both the functionalist and welfarist types. This means he is concerned with the right half of the matrix given above. Of course technically, Loi is concerned with ‘disenhancement’ not ‘enhancement’, but that only means we have to invert the definitions in our mind. In essence, he is trying to argue that technological displacement in the workplace will have a disenhancing effect in both the welfarist and functionalist sense.
2. Loi’s Main Argument: Technological Unemployment could be Disenhancing
Loi doesn’t set out his main argument in an explicit, logical form in his article. As best I can tell, it works like this:
- (1) A technology is disenhancing if it reduces or subtracts from ‘normal’ human capacities (functionalist sense), or if it reduces the chances of someone’s life going well, relative to some set of circumstances (welfarist sense).
- (2) Technological displacement at work gives rise to a polarisation effect: it pushes some people into highly-skilled, abstract forms of work, but pushes most people into lower-skilled, less rewarding forms of work.
- (3) If people are in lower skilled or lower paid forms of work, then they will witness a reduction in their normal capacities and the chances of their lives going well will be reduced.
- (4) Therefore, technological displacement at work leads to disenhancement.
This is messy, but I think it does justice to what Loi is trying to say. The first premise appeals to the definition of enhancement that Loi favours in his article. It should not cause any great controversy. The second premise is the key empirical support for the argument and, as I mentioned in the introduction, is based largely on the work of the economist David Autor (though Loi mentions others, including Autor’s collaborators). The third premise is where Loi’s real contribution to the debate comes: it links technological unemployment to disenhancement. Loi doesn’t set it out in these explicit terms — and that may be one of his argument’s main flaws — but something like it does seem to be implied by what he says. The conclusion then follows (for those who care, the argument’s structure is roughly: A = B; C → D; D = B; therefore C → A).
I’ll go through Loi’s defence of premises (2) and (3) next, but before I do so it’s worth noting something about Loi’s overarching goal. As he himself makes clear, he is not trying to offer concrete predictions about the future. He acknowledges that there is a large degree of empirical uncertainty in his argument. Rather, his goal is to simply identify a plausible scenario and tease out its ethical and social implications. This means we are better-armed when the technological changes come. This strikes a chord with me since I approach my own work in a similar light.
3. The Causes of Disenhancement
The second and third premises of Loi’s argument are all about the effect that technology has on the workplace. The traditional view — heavily influenced by the first wave of automation during the industrial age — is that machines replace human workers in the performance of arduous, routine physical tasks. Hence the takeover by machines of certain types of agricultural and manufacturing work. This, arguably, has had a long-term enhancing effect: it gave people the opportunity to work in more challenging, cognitive forms of employment.
This is no longer true. With the rise of computerisation and machine learning, technology is taking over from more and more cognitive work. Indeed, there is an interesting paradox, first observed by Hans Moravec, to the effect that machines are good at taking overroutine work. This includes certain constrained physical tasks, but far more rule-based cognitive tasks (e.g. computing itself was a task once performed by human workers). Such tasks represented, for much of the 20th century, the core of the middle-skill, middle-income jobs that made a prosperous middle-class possible. These jobs are now slowly eroding in the wake of automation.
This is giving rise to a polarisation effect. It turns out that there are two types of work that are hard to automate. David Autor refers to these as “manual” and “abstract” work, respectively. Manual work is anything that requires fine sensorimotor skills and includes things like fruit-picking, food preparation, and cleaning. Though there are some initial forays into the automation of these tasks, it requires far more computing power to replace humans in these jobs than it does in the middle-skill cognitive jobs. Abstract work is anything that requires high levels of analytical ability and creative thinking. It includes things like entrepreneurialism, certain forms of managerial work, and high-level professional services. These are also difficult to automate, but benefit a lot from the automation of the middle-skill cognitive jobs (e.g. because abstract workers can now use computer technology to cheaply perform their own data analysis and processing).
With the automation of the middle-skill jobs, the workforce is being polarised into manual and abstract forms of work. The problem is that these forms of work are very different in character. Manual work is generally viewed as being low-skill and is often precarious and poorly paid. Manual workers tend to have little on-the-job autonomy and may find their work boring and unfulfilling. Abstract work is usually the opposite. The workforce is well-educated, well-paid and highly autonomous. Many abstract workers are deeply committed to and fulfilled by what they do.
The problem is that there are relatively few abstract jobs as compared to manual jobs. Indeed, the paucity of such jobs is partly driven by the effect of technology: it takes longer to educate a well-paid abstract worker, and they are able to gain larger market shares, with less human input, thanks to the automation of lower-skill jobs. Thus, the effect of automation is to drive relatively more workers into the more precarious, lower-paid, less-fulfilling, and less-rewarding types of work.
This is how Loi supports premises two and three. Premise two is supported by appeal to evidence relating to the polarisation effect and predictions about its future. Premise three is supported by the effects of more precarious, lower paid, less-fulfilling, and less rewarding types of work. Loi’s belief is that they are likely to have a ‘disenhancing’ effect.
4. Thoughts and Criticisms
What are the implications of this argument? Loi discusses several. Two stood out for me. First, there was his focus on the basic income guarantee as one way in which to ameliorate the negative effects of technological unemployment. This is not surprising since many make the same argument, but Loi does link it directly to concerns about disenhancement and not about social inequality more generally. Second, there was his discussion of biomedical enhancement as a way in which to correct for the disenhancing effects of technological unemployment. In other words, enhancement via the biomedical route may be a necessary countermeasure to disenhancement via the automation route. This is something I have argued in relation to the political effects of automating technology, and something I also discuss in an upcoming paper.
Is the overarching argument any good? In general, I agree with Loi that one can usefully fuse together the debates about technological unemployment and human enhancement. Indeed, I think it is worth doing so. That said, there were two omissions from the article that bothered me. The first was that I don’t think Loi did enough the emphasise the merits of the anti-work position. Proponents of this view argue that non-work can be better for an individual than work. Hence, there are ways in which technologically-induced unemployment could be a good thing and this could counteract some of the disenhancing effect. I have talked about this antiwork view ad nauseum on the blog before so I won’t repeat myself now. Safe to say, the antiwork view only really makes sense if the productive gains from technology are shared reasonably widely. If people are suffering from deprivation, and still being forced to find work, then Loi is aware of this, hence why he discusses the importance of the basic income guarantee.
The other issue I had with the article had to do with its success in demonstrating a disenhancing effect for technological unemployment in both the functionalist and welfarist senses. At the outset, Loi claims he is arguing for both, but towards the end he seems to limit himself to just the welfarist sense:
If ICT innovation leads to intrinsically worst [sic] jobs and low wages for most workers, technology will disenhance more workers (in the welfarist sense) than it enhances. This seems, unfortunately, to be the present trend.
As best I can tell, he makes no attempt to argue for disenhancement in the functional sense. He might be able to do this by, say, arguing that manual workers suffer from a reduction in capacity and ability. But it’s not obvious to me that this is true. They may not have their mental abilities expanded, but their physical abilities could be. Furthermore, there is an argument out there to the effect that the kinds of automating technology used by abstract workers can have a (functionally) disenhancing effect. Nicholas Carr makes much of this in his recent book, claiming that assistive technologies often lead to the degeneration of mental abilities. I’m not endorsing that argument here (I discussed it at length on a previous occasion) but it adds an interesting angle to Loi’s argument. It suggests that the disenhancing effect might be broader than he suggests.
Anyway, those are just some quick — no doubt poorly thought-out — reflections on Loi’s article. I’m thinking a lot about the relationship between the enhancement debate and other techno-ethical debates at the moment, so I will continue to explore these issues.
John Danaher is an academic with interests in the philosophy of technology, religion, ethics and law. John holds a PhD student specialising in the philosophy of criminal law (specifically, criminal responsibility and game theory). He formerly was a lecturer in law at Keele University, interested in technology, ethics, philosophy and law. He is currently a lecturer at the National University of Ireland, Galway (starting July 2014).
He blogs at http://
This article previously appeared here. Republished under creative commons license.
The post Will technological unemployment lead to human disenhancement? appeared first on h+ Media.
Activists demand UN ‘revoke’ credentials of ‘climate deniers’ in Paris – Claim ‘Climate Hustle’ film is ‘full of lies’ – without seeing it – Warn skeptics may ‘derail’ UN treaty
Green groups want alternative views on climate science silenced in Paris, with a call for delegates with contrarian opinions to be ejected from the UN talks.
Sceptic groups such as the Heartland Institute have started to arrive in the French capital, sparking fears among environment groups that they will derail proceedings using funds from fossil fuel interests.
A new documentary, Climate Hustle, was due to be premiered in Paris tonight (Monday). Producers claim it will be for nonbelievers what Al Gore’s Inconvenient Truth was for the converted.
Climate change action lobby group SumOfUs has pushed back with an international campaign to raise funds for a counter offensive.’
Climate Hustle Trailer
The Climate Change Scam – What It’s REALLY All About
The post Activists demand UN ‘revoke’ credentials of ‘climate deniers’ in Paris – Claim ‘Climate Hustle’ film is ‘full of lies’ – without seeing it – Warn skeptics may ‘derail’ UN treaty appeared first on David Icke.
7th December 2015 By Wes Annac Guest Writer for Wake Up World Most of us have an idea of the changes we want to see in the world, and our achievements would be unprecedented if we could get to a place in society where we could publicly strive for a better way of life. Not …Continue Reading – Be The Change – What World Do You Want to Live In?
|In this month’s edition of Questions For Corbett, James fields your questions on the kakistocracy, the legality of government propaganda, the Zuckerberg Initiative, low tech media backups, Australian media sources and much more.|
By reading -– and sharing –- the genetic data in your bloodstream, you’ll be able to predict illness
By: Joao Medeiros,
A debate over fluoridation may rear up once again in Collier County commission chambers Tuesday.
Commissioner Tom Henning’s assistant, Camden Smith, is set to petition commissioners to stop fluoridation of the county’s drinking water.
Smith said she will raise issues about the health and safety of using cavity-preventing fluoride in drinking water and ask commissioners to “stop putting a medical treatment into a public utility.”
“I’m not saying fluoride isn’t beneficial to children,” Smith said. “But 89 percent of our population is over the age of 10 and has no medical need for fluoride. When even the cheapest toothpaste on the planet has fluoride in it, we are not servicing the public good.”
Nobody should be forced to ingest fluoride, she said.
“While I agree it is a moderate amount of fluoride in our drinking water, the problem is we’re bathing in it, drinking it and swimming in it,” she said. “I respect anyone’s choice to put medical treatment in their water, I asked to be given the same choice.”
Federal, state and local health officials and dentists have long supported fluoridation, saying decades worth of studies have shown it is safe at levels used by Collier County and throughout the country since the 1940s. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has called it one of the great public health achievements of the 20th century, along with vaccinations and recognizing the risks of tobacco.
Opponents of fluoridation, though, contend that exposure to fluoride over a long period for some people can cause disease, weaken bones and damage glands and the brain.
The debate over fluoride in drinking water seems to pop up every few years, said Jennifer Gomez, spokeswoman for the Florida Department of Health in Collier County.
“Throughout more than 70 years of research, the overwhelming evidence is that fluoridation is safe and effective in both children and adults,” Gomez said.
Smith will present the petition as a resident, not on behalf of Henning.
Commissioners voted 4-1 in 2011 to keep fluoride in the water, with Commissioner Georgia Hiller fighting to remove it. Henning said at that time he wasn’t convinced one way or the other. Commissioner Donna Fiala supported fluoridation, while Tim Nance and Penny Taylor weren’t yet on the commission.
The Naples City Council voted in 2012 to keep fluoride in city drinking water after a resident raised concerns.
If fears of an asteroid destroying the planet keep you up at night, Nasa has some potentially reassuring news for you — it’s establishing an asteroid detection program.
By: Emily Reynolds,
Shifting the Brainwave State: 6 Powerful Practices to Expand Your Consciousness and Harmonize Your Brain
6th December 2015 By Justin Faerman Guest Writer for Wake Up World The brain and consciousness are inextricably linked, meaning that shifts in one of these aspects of the self produce corresponding shifts in the other. This is in large part because consciousness is not restricted to existing only in physical form and is in …Continue Reading – Shifting the Brainwave State: 6 Powerful Practices to Expand Your Consciousness and Harmonize Your Brain
Feminists responded to the mass molestation of women by foreign migrants in Cologne on New Years Eve by denouncing âGerman born menâ.
Dozens of women in Cologne and other areas of Germany were sexually assaulted and terrorized by up to a thousand men of Arab and North African origin during a wave of attacks that …
Wireless beacons are set to help visually impaired people navigate their way around London Euston Tube station.
By: Matt Burgess,
The ongoing Third World invasion of Germany will create a nonwhite majority in the 20- to 30-year-old age group within just four years, and a nonwhite majority within one generation, a new statistical analysis based on official German census figures has shown.
The analysis, carried out by Professor AdorjÃ¡n F. KovÃ¡cs from the Goethe-UniversitÃ¤t at Frankfurt am Main, was published…
His name was Maurice Strong (picture above), Canadian billionaire, diplomat and UN apparatchik, and though you may not have heard of him, he probably did more to make your world a more expensive, inconvenient, overregulated, hectored, bullied, lied-to, sclerotic, undemocratic place than anyone post, Stalin and (his personal friend) Mao.
Heâs the reason, for example, that most of the…
This week, scientists gathered in Washington, DC for the International Summit on Human Gene Editing to discuss a technology called CRISPR-CAS9, which can insert, remove and change the DNA of basically any organism. It is relatively simple, inexpensive and accurate, and it’s already being used in laboratories around the world to make cells and breed laboratory animals with modified DNA for the study of diseases.
CRISPR could also be used to modify DNA in human embryos, but the question is whether this should be allowed. Among the concerns scientists and bioethicists have highlighted are heritable gene modifications and the use of this technology to create “designer babies.” CRISPR provides new opportunities for disease treatment and prevention, but with unknown and potentially substantial risks that warrant an ethical discussion. And this discussion should be rooted in an understanding of what can and cannot be meaningfully edited.
I study the genetic prediction of complex diseases and traits. Research in my field has consistently shown that human traits and common diseases are not genetic enough to be predicted using DNA tests. For the same reasons, it will be impossible to successfully program the presence of traits in embryos.
Any concerns that CRISPR could taken a step further to enhance babies by selecting favorable traits such as intelligence and athleticism may be unwarranted.
What can be edited?
The first (and failed) experiment of human embryo editing aimed to repair a single gene mutation for beta-thalassemia, a severe blood disorder. Other diseases mentioned as future targets for gene editing, such as sickle cell disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, are caused by single gene mutations.
These diseases are – at least hypothetically – easier to fix because the cause is entirely genetic and simple. For these diseases, research using CRISPR may lead to breakthrough discoveries for therapies and, potentially, for prevention.
But genetic editing of embryos for single-gene disorders also warrants caution. Not only could off-target cuts – unintended edits in the wrong places of the DNA – introduce heritable errors, but mutations may have so-called antagonistic pleiotropic effects.
This means that the expression of the gene increases the risk of one disease while decreasing the risk of another. Take beta-thalassemia or sickle cell disease, for example: carrying two mutated copies leads to severe illness, but carrying one mutated copy reduces the risk of fatal malaria.
There is still much we don’t know about our genome.
DNA sequence image via www.shutterstock.com.
Why traits cannot be designed in embryos
For a trait to be “programmed” with gene editing, it needs to meet two criteria.
First, the traits must be predominantly determined by DNA, which means that their heritability needs to be close to 100%. The lower the heritability, the more nongenetic factors such as lifestyle, education and stress play a role. The less likely the trait can be genetically programmed.
Parents who wish to enhance their offspring may be particularly risk-averse when it comes to the unknown adverse consequences of genome editing. That means that the heritability of favorable traits may need to be very close to 100%.
But a recent review, summarizing 50 years of heritability research, showed that only a few traits and diseases had an estimated heritability higher than 90%. Intelligence and higher-level cognitive function were around 50%, muscle power at 70% and temperament and personality at around 45%.
Second, the “genetic architecture” must be straightforward. Traits must be caused by a single mutation, like beta-thalassemia, or by an interaction between a limited number of mutations. It may technically become possible to edit DNA accurately at multiple places in the near future. But we still won’t know what exactly needs to be edited to program a trait when tens or hundreds of gene variants are involved.
Gene editing for favorable traits is not just a matter of tweaking the genes in the right direction. What makes people intelligent, for instance, isn’t a combination of the “right genes” and the “right environment,” but the “right combination” of genes and environment. Since the future environment of the embryo is unknown at the moment of editing, it will be impossible to know what the right genes need to be.
This is why the traits people might want to enhance can’t be programmed in the embryo, not even with the most accurate and reliable version of CRISPR. The technology is not the limitation for enhancing babies – nature is.
Despite the successes in gene discovery of the past 10 years, our knowledge of the combined contribution of all genetic variants is too limited for embryo editing. Even when all genes and their complex interactions are completely understood, our ability to use gene editing for favorable traits will remain limited because human traits are just not genetic enough.
We need to be clear about what cannot be edited
Urged by concerns about the safety and reliability of CRISPR technology and the unknown medical, societal, environmental and ethical consequences of human gene editing, a group of scientists are calling for a voluntary moratorium on “attempts at germline genome modification of clinical application in humans.”
The UNESCO International Bioethics Committee has also called for a moratorium citing concern over the creation of “heritable modifications” and “enhancing individuals.” Interestingly, their report acknowledges that CRISPR:
could be a watershed in the history of medicine […] even though it must be noted that there are only a few diseases for which the abnormality of one single gene is a necessary and sufficient condition.
This little side note, however, marks the boundaries of what can meaningfully be edited in the DNA of an embryo.
Gene editing technology warrants further study and refinement, which should be accompanied by evaluations of potential adverse consequences. But progress should not be hindered by an ethical debate about a potential misuse of the technology that will not be possible.
Polygenic diseases and traits are simultaneously too complex genetically and not genetic enough. This limits the opportunities for disease prediction, and will also prevent the genetic enhancement of babies.
The post Don’t Worry About Designer Babies – gene editing won’t work on complex traits like intelligence appeared first on h+ Media.
Tensions are high in Finland with an asylum centre emptied as protesters march outside.
Media reports of alleged rapes by asylum seekers have stoked up tensions as the country houses up to 35,000 new arrivals this year.
Source: Channel4News Facebook
Finns protest outside of asylum center after rape of 14 yr old Finnish…
Shownotes for DruidCast Episode 105
Flutterby Set – Omnia – http://www.worldofomnia.com
Autumn’s Crown – Fairytale – http://fairytale-folkmusic.de
Philip Heselton – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Heselton
Centre for Pagan Studies – http://www.centre-for-pagan-studies.com
Where Witchcraft Lives Exhibition – http://www.wherewitchcraftlives.org
Forest Child – Malcolm Brown – https://soundcloud.com/lyle-music/sets/forest-child-my-2015-cd
Yule (Praise the Mabon Child) – Cernunnos Rising – http://cernunnosrising.co.uk
The Peddler of Ballaghdereen – Celia Farran – http://www.celiaonline.com
DruidCast Theme – Hills they are Hollow – Damh the Bard – www.paganmusic.co.uk
For further information on the Druid tradition – www.druidry.org
Backround on the family
The strangers carrying the whisper of danger arrived in the vast territory of the Harney Basin just before the holidays.
Ammon Bundy once helped his father repulse the government in an armed showdown on a Nevada desert. He was Tasered for his effort.
Ryan Payne, an electrician from Montana, joined that same standoff and boasted of organizing civilians into …
The Durango Utilities Commission will hear arguments in favor of keeping fluoride in the city’s drinking water Monday evening from state and county health experts.
For more than 50 years, the federal government has recommended adding fluoride to drinking water to aid oral health and strengthen teeth.
The local effort to eliminate fluoride from drinking water has been lead by Dr. Jim Forleo, a chiropractor who says fluoride can have toxic effects on the body.
He argues fluoride may be helpful when applied topically, but there is no reason to drink it and it should not be forced on anyone.
“They are giving us a drug without our consent,” he said.
Telluride and Pagosa Springs have stopped adding fluoride.
Forleo presented his arguments to the Utilities Commission in November. Now the commission will hear about the merits of fluoridation from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment’s Executive Director and Chief Medical Officer Dr. Larry Wolk, the President of the San Juan Basin Dental Society Angela Pinkerton and others.
In April, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommended lowering the dosage of fluoride in drinking water because so many people are exposed to fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash.
The previous recommendation was between 0.7 and 1.2 milligrams per liter, but now, the government recommends capping the amount added to tap water at 0.7 milligram per liter. This equates to a drop of fluoride in a 55-gallon drum. The city followed this guidance in May.
Following a recommendation from the Utilities Commission, the Durango City Council will likely take up the issue.
The presentation on fluoride will start at 4:30 p.m. in City Hall, 949 E. Second Ave.
|(NaturalNews) The byproducts of the phosphate mining industry, hexafluorosilicic acid and sodium silicofluoride, are sold to cities around the world, and then dumped into those cities’ municipal water supplies. We’re told that fluoride prevents cavities, and this is the justification…|
I have just learned that my consciousness workshop at Consciousness Life Expo will be on Saturday afternoon February 20th. Looking forward to presenting my new material. This will be the first time I have presented to a consciousness rather than UFO audience.
Friday, Feb 19th: Â Â Â Â Â Â 7:00pm– Jimmy Church Live Radio Show
Saturday, Feb 20th 4:00pm– Workshop
Sunday, Feb 21stÂ Â Â Â Â 12:00 Noon-UFO Panel
The conference will at the LAX Hilton Hotel. Check out the amazing lineup of speakers.
So-called white student unions are springing up at universities across Australia, charged with supporting and defending the interests of white students who they say are becoming marginalised from on-campus life and political debate.
At least seven unofficial unions have formed at rapid speed in the past week, claiming to represent students of European descent at the University of…
Editor’s comment: The lesson here is obviously to let in more third world migrants into Germany next year, so that ISIS can get a proper foothold in Europe. This is bound to improve the prospect of terror threats in Europe. Thanks Merkel!
Munich police are warning of an âimminent threatâ of a terror attack and have ordered two train stations evacuated …
Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Dusseldorfâ¦ New Year’s Migrant Sex Assault In Every Major German City
German capital city Berlin has joined the sad parade of cities touched by migrant sex violence on New Yearâs Eve, with hundreds of assaults now reported to police in Cologne and other cities.
Although on a smaller scale to the unrestrained and un-policed sex attacks in Cologne, the Berliner Morgenpost has now reported on assaults taking place on the street âin front …
6th December 2015 By Katherine Smith Ph.D Guest Writer for Wake Up World Conspiracy Theories: The Public Trust Skepticism Factor “Conspiracy” is a real word for a real events that have taken place in human societies in all cultures throughout human history. [see Appendix A] The assassination of the President of the United States on national television …Continue Reading – The Critical Thinking Trap: How the “Conspiracy Theory” Label Undermines the Truth
Bowerchalke, Wiltshire, 2015.
In my last blog I looked at the 2015 dove formation at Hampton Lucy that appeared on the 8th of August. There was however, a second formation to appear on that date at Bowerchalke in Wiltshire. This circle was totally different in character and design and it is a circle I have struggled to come to terms with during the intervening months since its appearance. So I decided to confront this image again and to do a little work with it to see what I could uncover and learn about its design, symbolism and geometry. Perhaps in immersing myself in this formation I could uncover a little about its effects on me, but I was filled with trepidation, this symbol has dark associations that made me decidedly uncomfortable.
On the whole, the crop circle phenomenon is one filled with light, grace, beauty and spirit. While some designs, like the dove at Hampton Lucy (and many others such as labyrinths, stars, moons, spirals, and even the Kabbalah) are familiar human shapes, the vast majority of formations are kind of ‘iconically neutral’, that is to say they have no immediate meaning. Many are entirely geometric, filled with numbers and proportions one might interpret, but they are unfamiliar in the sense they are designs we have not seen used before in other settings. While the crop circles have presented us with both the familiar and the unfamiliar in their designs, the images are on the whole uplifting and inspirational; it is rare indeed for the phenomenon to present us with something that is unsettling and even rarer still that it should present us with something dark.
When I first saw the crop circle at Bowerchalke this summer it looked fantastic in the landscape, a twelve-spoked wheel contained within a four-fold ring. With numbers like twelve and four it was tempting to see this as a sun (or solar) wheel concerned with time, the division of time, the four seasons and perhaps the four elements. However, when the pictures were posted online I soon discovered that the central part of this motif was in fact a well known symbol, and a dark one at that.
One comment left beneath the pictures posted on Facebook openly asked for the formation to removed and censored, I was pretty shocked by such a response, but a quick Google search found me face-to-face with a symbol called the Black Sun, a symbol that some claim had been used by the Third Reich as part of their occult practices.
However, the direct link of this symbol to Nazism is controversial. The symbol can be found as a mosaic in the floor of Wewelsburg Castle in Germany, which was for a time a major centre of Nazi occult activity and it is this that principally makes the connection between the two. But it remains unclear if the mosaic was installed there by the Nazis or had been there previously before they restored the building. Nevertheless, despite arguments to the contrary, this symbol continues to be associated with the Third Reich.
Like so much symbolism (of any kind), many symbols associated with this dark force in history are multivalent (my favourite word of the moment!). The much maligned Swastika had been used by Hindus and Buddhists for thousands of years before the rise of the Third Reich. Similar wheel-like symbols can be found as German brooches, which again predate any connection to the Nazis.
How does one begin to reconcile this? I think it would be both too convenient and remiss of us not to consider the dark aspect of this design. After all, the crop circle phenomenon does have its darker aspects, although these are rarely expressed in the fields. So rather than take the easy route and ignore what I had discovered, I decided to sit with the uncomfortableness and see where it took me.
As a phrase or title ‘The Black Sun’ is also a well known alchemical symbol. It represents the Negrado stage of the alchemical work, a blackening of the matter, purification – the necessary death, before transformation and rebirth. It is the dark heart of the entire process. I contemplated this for a while and was reminded of an image from the alchemical treatise Philospohia Reformata by Mylis – see right. Here the ‘Sol Niger’ appears as a flaming eclipse, or perhaps even a dark eye?
As an eclipse, the black sun is ‘light eclipsed’, thrown into shadow. As a ‘dark eye’, the black sun is the pupil, with radiating flames within the iris. I found the (non-rational) connections between all these images fascinating. Even the Bowerchalke crop circle design could be seen as an eye with lightning bolts as, aura, flames, or iris.
One further connection occurred to me at this point and that was of the lightning struck tower of the Tarot. Card sixteen is known as The Tower, The Lightning Struck Tower, or more enigmatically, The House of God (La Maison Dieu). At the heart of the many of the graphic interpretations for this card is a tower which was been hit by lightning and that lightening emanates from the sun. It is often seen as a card which foretells misfortune out of the blue, however, another interpretation has it as a flash of lightning from the Divine, the creative spark of inspiration that changes everything, that shatters paradigms, or simply put causes an eclipse of consciousness. This last interpretation had deep resonances for me, and linked it back to the alchemical Negrado – which is also known as the ‘Dark Night of the Soul’, an eclipse of consciousness, in which the alchemist is at most danger of losing his way. As I explored these associations, I was suddenly reminded of dream I had in 2012.
In the dream I am in a boat travelling to a place and time of some import, where there would be some kind of grand convergence. As I got nearer to my destination I saw a mountain in the ocean, and atop of the mountain was a huge eclipsed sun that appeared to kiss the top of the mountain. It had an aura of brilliant light around it, which was made all the brighter as the sky around it was as dark as night. As I looked at the black sun I saw three rust coloured moons on its surface (regularly placed) that formed a triangulation of some kind. These moons also seemed to be in eclipse. To add to the peculiar nature of the dream at the 1pm position of the black sun was a huge lighthouse! A red and white striped lighthouse from the top of which shone a brilliant beam of light. I was so affected by the dream I painted it (the best I could), the dream was accompanied by a palpable feeling of awe and wonder, and a kind of eclipse in my own consciousness, where all rational thought was paralysed and all that existed was this image and my participation in it. I had the sense of the overwhelming power and gravity of this convergence, or eclipse, and the lighthouse seemed to be a guiding light in the darkness showing the way, throwing light on the darkness. In writing about it, this the dream seems as vivid now as it was then – if not more so.
dividing the circle into 24 allows for the creation of the lightning bolts which require 2 points of the 24 each to create.
In drawing this formation, the 360 degrees of the circle are divided into twenty-four, this allows for the creation of the lightening bolts – the formation is essentially twelve-fold. Twenty-four and twelve are numbers of time. We divide our day into twenty-four hours – twelve hours of day and twelve hours of night. We also have twelve signs of the zodiac and twelve months in a solar year. Twelve seems ubiquitous in human culture we use it in imperial measuring systems and the division of time; in mythology we see it in the twelve disciples and the twelve tribes.
The design came together rather poetically, for an image that I had felt rather ambiguous about; it was a satisfying experience to feel it all come together on the page. The crop circle does differ from the Wewelsburg mosaic, in that at has additional pattering on the perimeter of the formation which ‘contains’ the central design. This perimeter design is divided into four and has four wide bars, each with a circle placed at the centre top of each. It is curious indeed that the black sun should be ‘contained’ in such a way, bound by the number symbolic of the Earthly plane, made manifest somehow.
When it came to adding colour to the painting, I opted for a fiery orange-yellow. To me this crop circle was the ‘Dark Eye of the Soul’, unlike the hidden third-eye of the Dove formation at Hampton Lucy which appeared on the same date (see last blog). This was the inner or dark sun which illuminates all that is in eclipse; the slow burning eternal flame which lights the deepest, darkest recesses of the human soul. It seems to me that whatever convergence we are travelling towards, (perhaps like McKenna’s ‘Singularity’), like some huge gravitational phenomenon, we are being pulled inexorably towards it and it may just well involve a total eclipse of consciousness of some kind.
Before closing this blog, I have one other curious experience to report. A few days ago, before going to sleep, I had been reading an introduction to a book which discussed the work of Ian McGilchrist on the roles of the hemispheres of the brain. I had been reading about the idea of a pole-shift of the mind, because the rational left hemisphere had gone too far in asserting its dominance over the right and that this kind of shift in dominance of the hemispheres had possibly happened before in the development in human consciousness, working towards a true integrated balancing. The ideas in the text seemed to have a profound effect on my consciousness, and though I’m pretty sure I did sleep, when I awoke the next morning it felt as if my mind had been alight all night – millions of neurons firing, ideas arriving in an electrical storm in my head. Perhaps because I had been thinking about it, the image of the Bowerchalke formation – the eye with lightening bolts emanating from it popped into my head. It seemed a great visual counterpart to my dream (if that’s what you can call it) and to somehow symbolise a great eclipse of consciousness.
Working with these forms is always illuminating, always challenging and the effect they have on consciousness is so rarely closely examined. It takes time, commitment and a willingness to use the self as part of the work. As I close my encounter with this formation, I feel much less ambivalent about Bowerchalke. I think its dark nature is not to be rejected, but embraced. As the old alchemists used to say, “There is no generation without corruption” and perhaps consciousness evolution is a perilous journey in a small boat heading towards a grand convergence symbolised by a flaming black sun.
I finished writing this blog feeling that I had closed the chapter on this particular crop circle. But in one of those serendipitous moments of coincidence, I was tidying my books away when I came across my copy of the Splendor Solis – a large book containing a photographic facsimile of the original illuminated alchemical manuscript. I found myself quickly flipping through the pages to plate 19 the ‘Rising of the Black Sun’. As you can see, it’s a beautiful image and I decided that I would look it up in Adam McClean’s commentary on the work in his book of the same name.
In the Splendor Solis the Black Sun appears toward the end of the work and is not associated with the Negrado, but with the coming Rubedo – the end of the work. In this image you can see the black sun rising. The body of the sun below the horizon remains radiant, but above the horizon it is shown as black with golden rays. In this context, according to respected alchemical author Adam McClean, the rising Black Sun represents the ‘Earthing of the Cosmic’. This is a profound concept, one perhaps related to philosopher *Jean Gesber’s ‘Concretion of the Spiritual’, a part of his Integral Consciousness Structure – a new state of consciousness that according to Gebser the human race is fast approaching. In this context, the Black Sun is the dawn of a new state of being in which again, according to McClean, “The conscious, radiant part of the soul has entered into the unconscious realm, which itself, like a dark sun, makes its forces felt in the conscious sphere”. It also sound a lot like a pole-shift of the hemispheres as written about by *Ian McGilchrist. If Alchemy was a right brained approach (or prelude) to modern Chemistry, then perhaps the Rising Black Sun in this setting is the journey of the unconscious into the light where it can operate in the world.
So I am now ready to finally close this chapter, after what has been a throughly fascinating adventure into the symbolism and meaning of this crop circle. I hope you’ve enjoyed reading it as much I have have enjoyed writing it!
My thanks to Kayleigh Douglas-Alexander & Michael Glickman for their assistance.
*Jean Gebser – The Ever Present Origin. The work describes states of consciousness mutation that the human race has undergone from antiquity to modern day. Gebser describes our current consciousness state as the Mental Stage (or Mental/Rational Stage). We are however, experiencing the decline of this stage and Gebser wrote of a new stage of consciousness to come the Integral Stage.
*Ian McGilchrist – The Master and his Emissary. The work describes the roles of the hemispheres of the brain, their relationship and characteristics. It also discusses the theory that the Left Hemisphere has become overly dominant in modern times at that it might be possible that some swing back in favour of the Right may be immanent – moving towards a state of integration between the Hemispheres.
Echoes, refections and visual additions…
Photographer unknown. I came across this the on the internet. The picture actually shows the Spinnaker Tower in Portsmouth, but it was so like the image in my dream that it momentarily stopped me in my tracks when I saw it!
Drones that can be purchased on the high-street may be used in terrorist attacks against high-profile UK targets, The Oxford Research Group has warned.
By: Matt Burgess,
9th January 2016 By Irwin Ozborne Contributing Writer for Wake Up World In junior high school, I was a painfully shy student. It was to the point I would go through an entire week without peeping a single sound. While it was quite easy to shield my anxiety during most classroom activity, the lunchroom was always …Continue Reading – Over The Rainbow: The (Yellow Brick) Road to Enlightenment
We are all supposed to be feeling pity and outrage for the girls of Cologne. But we are only allowed to be sorry and angry in the right way. The wrong way is to mention that the attackers were a mystery meat conglomeration of basketballs and kebabs. That would be horribly racist of you. And the gothic majesty of Cologneâs …
The youth of England declare war on cultural Marxism. The future, like the land, is ours. This is a statement of our generation, the youth of England, in opposition to the anti-values from the generation of ’69. We hereby reclaim our heritage and our birth right. Much like generation identitaire in France, young people in England and Britain must become …
Geomantica 1. Dowsing Explained What is the mechanism of dowsing? How is it done? What to practice on? 2. Geomancy Explained Geomantic paradigms. Geopathic Stress. High Tech problems. 1. DOWSING EXPLAINED Dowsing is an ancient technique for finding things and solving problems. As well as being a great tool for locating underground water …Continue Reading Here
8th January 2016 By Carolanne Wright Contributing Writer for Wake Up World People are fed-up. And angry. We simply no longer accept that corporations have the right to ride roughshod over the environment or destroy the health of its inhabitants. We refuse to remain silent when faced with companies who contribute to poisoned rivers, people and …Continue Reading – Monsanto Charged With Crimes Against Nature and Humanity, Set to Stand Trial in 2016
David has been treating the doctors Palomar Medical Center in Escondido, CA, with his suggestions and critiques since Dec. 16. A 2.5-foot clot has cleared, but swelling has returned when he stands/walks. (Free Energy Blog; December 28, 2015)
Fans of genre television rejoice — Game of Thrones is likely sticking around for at least two more years, while The Walking Dead may linger for as long as its undead threat.
By: Matt Kamen,
|(NaturalNews) Its history rooted in ancient Egypt, colortherapy may be used to help balance and restore different aspects of our bodies including the physical, emotional, spiritual and mental. Similar to heliotherapy, using color and light can even be beneficial for treating illness…|
After a fan-made remake of gaming classic Resident Evil 2 prompted Capcom to announce an official version, many presumed it would be along the lines of the earlier retools of the horror series.
It’s an impression Capcom even seemed to reinforce in its most recent investor briefing, saying the game would be a “remake”. However, Capcom UK’s senior marketing director Stuart Turner clarified on Twitter that it “will be a full from the ground up remake NOT a remaster”.
By: Matt Kamen,
In 2015, we created a page featuring EIGHT of the best exotic free energy technologies now available for sale, mostly pre-orders, being in process of manufacturing. My vision for 2016 is that we have a global consciousness shift that makes way for these hitherto overlooked and marginalized modalities to flood the earth. (PESN; January 2, 2016)
|(NaturalNews) Did the Music CEO of one of the planet’s largest technology companies just insult a little more than half the planet’s human beings? That is how a growing number of women are taking it, and with good reason; they were just told they aren’t capable of using Apple’s online…|
The freedom of a Turkish doctor facing a two-year prison sentence could be determined by Tolkien lore, use of memes, and Lord of the Rings director Peter Jackson.
By: Matt Kamen,
Dear readers, Wake Up World’s Facebook page has been hacked — again! Our page is still online and image posts we had already scheduled appear to be posting as normal. So far no offensive material has been posted on our page but whomever has control of our profile has used it to post links on a number of …Continue Reading – Wake Up World’s Facebook Page Has Been Hacked – Again!
More details have emerged surrounding the PS4’s new backwards compatibility with PS2 games, including one of the first games potentially being released and new features that will be added to classic titles.
By: Matt Kamen,
The discovery of a mysterious underwater structure in Malibu in 2014, and the strong radio signal it has been emitting, has led some theorists to ask the question whether alien life forms could already be living on earth. Could aliens be living under the sea?
Nasa and the private space industry has its sights set on putting a human on Mars; Europe, however, has slightly more modest goals as it wants to put humans back on the moon and build a base.
By: Matt Burgess,
Star Wars has come out and millions have witnessed this J.J. Abrams/Disney debacle. George Lucas compared Walt Disney Studios to “White Slavers” that he had sold his children to. He quickly recanted and apologized taking back all his comments on how they had failed in telling a decent story in order to strike nostalgia in the multi-million fan base. Disney calm the F&%k Down has finally made people aware of Disney’s reach into our minds from every store aisle.
Clone Wars BoyaLife will operate the facility with its South Korean partner, Sooam Biotech, that runs a center that can clone dogs for customers willing to pay $100,000 (£66,000), and has already produced more than 550 puppies. Company head Hwang Woo-Suk was considered a national hero when he pioneered the world’s first cloned dog in 2005, but his research into creating human stem cells was found in 2006 to have been faked. The new facility will initially produce 100,000 cattle embryos a year, eventually increasing to one million.
Hwang Woo-suk, 56, once a scientist with rock-star like status for bringing South Korea to the forefront of stem cell studies, had also been on trial on charges of misusing state funds and violating bioethics laws. “He was guilty of fabrication,” the Seoul court said in a verdict in the trial that stretched more than three years and included painstaking details about the scientific work Hwang and his team had performed at Seoul National University. The court also said that Hwang illegally diverted a portion of the money he received for research for his personal use.
“The technology exists. It’s been carried out on animals,” said Lee Silver, a professor at Princeton University in New Jersey, who wrote a book on cloning ethics. “The technology to clone human beings is essentially going to be the same.”
Land Wars “We plan on staying,” Bundy told reporters following a meeting. “I’m not afraid to go out of state. I don’t need an escort.”
The leader of a group of armed protesters occupying the headquarters of a federal wildlife refuge in southeastern Oregon met briefly with a local sheriff and rejected the lawman’s offer of safe passage out of the state to end the standoff.
In a takeover that began on January 2nd at the headquarters of the refuge is the latest incident in the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion, a decades-old conflict over federal control of land and resources in the U.S. West.
The move followed a demonstration in support of two local ranchers, Dwight Hammond Jr. and his son Steven, who were returned to prison earlier this week for setting fires that spread to federal land. The Rainbow Family has been doing this since 1974.
|(NaturalNews) Authorities often call marijuana an addictive “gateway drug.” The US Drug Enforcement Agency classifies cannabis as a Schedule I drug, more addictive than methamphetamine and cocaine. SWAT teams are deployed on growing operations and legal dispensaries. People can be…|
@mothgenerator by Katie Rose Pipkin and Loren Schmidt
Taina Bucher interviews artist and bot maker Katie Rose Pipkin about her most popular Twitter bots, how they work and what they mean. Indeed, what are bots, who else is engaged in artistic bot making, and how will social media bots evolve?
Meet Tiny Star Fields. Several times a day, the Twitter account publishes a field of stars in different shapes to a dedicated 51.000 followers. The latest tweet, published 53 minutes ago, has already been retweeted 151 times and gathered 114 favorites. Tiny Star Fields is a Twitter bot. During the last few years bots, or automated pieces of software, have becomes an integral part of the Twitter platform. As some recent reports suggest bots now generate as much as twenty-four per cent of posts on Twitter, yet we still know very little about who these bots are, what they do, or how we should attend to these bots. Admittedly, star-tweeting bots like Tiny do not belong to the kinds of bots that are most talked about. When people usually think of bots they mostly have a specific type of bot in mind, one that animates feelings of annoyance and disturbance. The spam bot, however, is but one kind of bot.
As Tiny, and many others like her attest to, bots are just like people. They are different, tweet for different reasons, have specific audiences and engage with the world in various ways. Guided by their human programmers or taught to learn from existing data in playful ways, bots are legitimate users of platforms. But bots would be nothing without their creators, their makers who have conceptualized and brought these digital personas ‘to life’. So let’s not just meet Tiny Star Fields, but also Katie Rose Pipkin, the 24-year old artist and creator of Tiny Star Fields.
Katie, why don’t you tell us briefly about yourself and your background?
I grew up in the woods of Austin, Texas, where I also attended university for my undergraduate degree in studio art. Most of my work there was focused on drawing and installation, but I was also curating internet ephemera and beginning some rudimentary code projects at the time (albeit in isolation from others doing similar work). I also have a history in curation, and have run creative spaces for many years. I’m currently pursuing my MFA at Carnegie Mellon, in Pittsburgh.
What got you started with making Twitter bots?
I started making bots in the summer of 2014. I had moved to a very tiny town in rural Minnesota (population 900) for a longer-term artist residency, and was quite isolated. I didn’t have a car, there was no bus or train, and I didn’t know anyone there. I was used to being alone on residency, but often I had friends near enough to visit or a local coffee shop to haunt. Here, with no other options, I was home and online almost constantly. The internet has always been important to my practice (and my social life), but I really attached myself to it as a lifeline in that period.
I was already following twitter bots (@everycolorbot, @youarecarrying, @twoheadlines, @minecraftsigns, @oliviataters, @prince_stolas and I’m sure many others), but being online constantly shifted how I thought of them; rather than just seeing their occasional statements as charming non-sequiturs in a human space, I started to notice their underlying personalities, the structure of code that differentiated one from another; when they posted, the kind of source materials used, how they interacted with others. With nobody to keep up with locally, I also began sleeping in erratic structures- some nights for 5 hours, others for 14. As a side effect, I would catch off times on twitter, where everyone but the bots were asleep. These timelines of automation had a striking effect. I was particularly fond of the bot chorus around the turn of the hour- bot ‘o clock, as some call it.
I had been following and aware of @negatendo’s #BOTALLY posts (a sort of # organizing structure for bot-related news and resources) for a while, but I also started following @thricedotted, @inky, @beaugunderson, @tullyhansen, @aparrish, @boodooperson and @tinysubversions (and many others!) in this period. There were new bots almost every day, all unique, and I was really taken by the ways in which people interacted with them, and how they operated in that social space.
How did you go about making your first bot?
You waited for the sky to clear and become sprinkled with starts again. In the meantime you made your own digital sky, that’s cool. Did you do a lot of programming before starting with making bots?
I suppose that depends on what you mean by programming? I had worked in and around browser-based experiences for years, but I had never taken a structural approach to learning code. Every new idea and project had a particular set of problems that I attacked with utter naivete, writing vast messes that were honestly pretty shocking when they worked. Looking at my source code for those projects now is very much like looking at an outsider-art approach to computer science. Which is, I suppose, what they are.
I still sometimes struggle with basic concepts just because I haven’t run into them before- I learn best when directed at a goal, and sometimes those goals skirt fundamental structures. My knowledge is a funny hodge-podge assemblage of extremely difficult concepts I needed for some project or another, while I may forget the syntax for a basic sentiment. I keep telling myself I’ll read a book or take a course on putting code together properly, but so far I just keep learning what I need. I am sure I will feel the same way about my current projects in a year or two as I do about my older projects now. My first bots are very embarrassing inside and it has only been a year and change.
You’ve said that @tiny_star_field is your most popular bot, but that your personal favorite is @feelings_js. Would you care to elaborate?
Neither of those bots came from a particularly well-considered place technically; they were the first I made and I was learning. I think I was tickled by the idea of a bot that did nothing but emote; it seemed like a charming inversion of the coldness that often creeps into automata. Tiny was a simple reflection of my unicode character habit; I have a hobby of making little vignettes or dioramas with combining characters and atypical symbols and I have been enjoying automating them. (I am also now a member of the Unicode Consortium and am working with these characters structurally.)
That comment about favorites was from a long while back and my favorite bot is probably now Moth Generator (@mothgenerator), which was a collaboration with @lorenschmidt. Its different than many of my bots; it’s really just a wrapper on an image generator; but it is the first bot I’ve made that I felt used @-replies in a truly useful manner. It takes the text of the tweet sent to it to seed the generator with a unique number; therefore, the ‘moth’ moth will always look like every other ‘moth’ moth, while a ‘bot’ moth would shift in many ways. A ‘moth bot’ moth would share characteristics of both.
How do these bots work?
Feelings.js (and a few others like it) is basically a fill-in-the-blank Wordnik wrapper. It has a variety of possible sentence structures on a switch statement, and then pulls parts-of-speech from the dictionary API. I have a few structural rules in place that slightly favor alliteration and a few other cute tendencies (as well as blocking offensive words), but it is basically madlibs.
Tiny is even simpler; it has a large array of star and space options and pulls randomly from the available options. The biggest challenge was just finding an ideal balance between character frequencies. I tweak it occasionally and don’t feel that it is quite ideal yet. I am tempted to make it sparser. I am also in the process of making a Tiny Star Fields clone that uses actual astronomical data at varying scales, so the tweets will be a literal patch of sky.
What has been the response to your bots?
There is certainly an audience of bot-appreciators; sometimes I will see people who follow 30 or 40 bots but none of their makers. Bots also have their own secret lives outside of intention. Tiny auto-followed people back for a while (something like the first 6k), and this made for a truly wonderful sample! Very few of them are in the bot-community; I think the vast majority are One Direction fans. It is a fascinating slice of social lives I would never think to seek out myself.
What is the bot community that you are referring to?
Gosh, what is the bot community, good question. I suppose it seems to be a loosely associated group of folks interested in social bots, for whatever reason? People seems to come from all walks- programmers, game developers, linguists, writers, artists, analysts, poets. Making the skeleton of a Twitter bot is a fairly simple exercise and doesn’t inherently have the high knowledge overhead of some other creative programming tasks. They are also incredibly flexible in content and process and I think that mutability allows a certain wealth of intent from bot to bot. These two avenues of openness mean that they are used for all sorts of things! As entities, they are as unique as the people who make them.
liminal algorithms (generative text, drawing machines)
In general, I’ve found folks who are organized around making bots to be nothing but supportive, kind and interested in helping others get started with producing their own work in this realm. Within that community structure are also all the folks that might not make bots (yet) but know what they are, and are interested in their processes, or write about them, or consider them valid as artworks or creative entities.
What, indeed, are bots?
What are bots? Gosh, this is an even better question than the one about bot communities. So, there are a lot of ways to think about bots, and in my opinion they are stackable and do not refute one another. But here are my thoughts:
Firstly, they aren’t new- automata has been around for a very very long time. One can look at examples of clockwork machines or candle-powered toys from over 1000 years ago. Even beyond physical examples of automata, the idea of bots is pervasive culturally; stories about golems and enchanted armor or physical objects imbued with personality have been with us since stories began.
Digital bots (especially bots that live in social spaces) fit into this long history of objects granted almost-humanness. They fill in for a part of human action, the slice of person granted to digital representations of ourselves. Just like the golem that guards a passage, their tasks are programmed, but because they do these tasks on their own (guard, tweet) we grant them entity. Perhaps this is as much doubt (“Is it /really/ a bot, though? Maybe it’s just a person pretending?”) as it is gift.
Secondly, I do think there is an aspect of doubling or mirroring that these bots employ. They are widening the reach of their creators; they are automated versions of a specific slice of their creators. Many many bots fall into this category. Something Darius Kazemi once said first got me thinking this way. It was advice to a want-to-be botmaker who didn’t have an idea for a bot. Darius suggested ‘come up with a joke that is funny but formulaic and automate it’. This type of repetitive production is not just seen in joke bots, but almost all bots that are not attempting to emulate humanness. The maker would have made the joke once; by making a bot, it is made many times (but also, perhaps made better than it would have been the once).
To expand; the goal of work-by-generation is a fundamentally similar, but shifted process from that of work-by-hand; rather than identifying and chasing the qualities of a singular desired artwork, one instead defines ranges of interesting permutations, their interpersonal interactions, how one ruleset speaks to another. Here, the cartographer draws the cliffs that contain a sea of one hundred thousand artworks. And then one searches for the most beautiful piece of coral inside of their waters.
So, I suppose this is where bots are truly interesting to me. Because this kind of making (the looking for the best moment in a sea of automated possibilities) is a methodology of construction that feels, in some ways, new.
I like the notion of bots leading secret lives. Are you ever not in control over your bots? Or what does this secrecy entail?
I take a pretty lax approach to keeping up with my bots. I almost never log into their accounts or closely monitor what they are up to. I censor certain words I find offensive, follow them on my own twitter account, and hope I catch it if they break. This means that their notifications never reach me; the things that are said to them (or their own replies) are often invisible to everyone but them.
In what ways do people or other bots interact with your bots?
Most (although not all) of my bots are non-interactive, meaning that they do not @reply back when spoken to. That being said, they are absolutely interacted with. Tiny star fields in particular gets a ton of messages; lots of people will have conversations in the mentions. I find them pretty charming and will occasionally peek at what people are saying to one another. Since I generally keep @replies off, I don’t get the bot-to-bot eternity loops that you’ll see sometimes with the image bots or ebooks bots or others that reply. But I always like it when spam bots or reddit bots find mine by keyword search. The best example designed bot interaction might be Eli Brody’s tiny astronaut (https://twitter.com/tiny_astro_naut) which inserts spaceship emoji into Tiny star fields’ tweets, or its conceptual sibling, tiny space poo (https://twitter.com/tiny_space_poo).
How many of your bot’s followers do you reckon are other bots, and is bot to bot interaction different to how humans interact with bots?
I haven’t done the numbers, but it seems like there is a slightly higher percentage of bot to bot followers than human to bot. I would guess this is a combination of auto-following routines and being manually directed to follow entire lists of other bots. Perhaps also they are more patient with repetitive or nonsensical tweets, and stick around longer.
Most bots now have conversational abandonment built in, but this was not always the case- it was once pretty common to see two replying bots get into a conversation with one another that would last hours or days, to the tune of thousands of tweets, one every few seconds. I once got accidentally caught in the mentions of one of these cycles and had to wait for one of the bot’s owners to wake up and reset their servers. It was amazing and I also had to turn off all notifications on every device I own.
Now, I think most bots use more intelligent replying- just to one person, or randomly across their followers, or only every 10 hours, or perhaps replying to keywords or requests. This has made bot to bot interactions feel, to me, a lot more human.
Do people ever wonder about you, the human behind the bot?
I think many people that follow Tiny Star Fields do not understand that it is a bot! Or that bots are even on Twitter. The predominant interaction that seems to occur runs along the lines of “DO YOU SLEEP” or “what is this” or “i love these thank you so much for making them all the time”. I find that disconnect pretty delightful- the assumption of a (very) dedicated human somewhere. I’m also fond of the interpersonal conversations that happen in the comments, often having nothing to do with the original stars at all- it seems to occasionally function as a bit of a forum for strangers to connect.
Where do you see Twitter bots, or social media bots in general, evolving?
I have found myself moving off of Twitter and back into non-social spaces for a lot of my work. Part of this is probably personal; my interests shift project-to-project. Part of it is intrinsic limitations in the media, the 140 character limit, the difficulty of keeping up with Twitter’s often evolving terms of service. I am interested in physical robots, or the housing of digital spaces- where these bots actually live- and a lot of my studio practice is in exploring actual tangible machines right now. Some of the best bots I’m seeing out of others use neural nets, or very clever source material. In my own work, I am looking forward to more physical-digital integration, especially as I pick up some new toolsets required for more complicated work. I have an interest in biological emulation and in the hidden data that Twitter links to every tweet (perhaps my next bot will not be readable on the Twitter webclient, but instead comes alive in an API call?).
There is also a small part of me that feels like others have taken up the call (and doing it better than I ever could have). This is to say, Twitter bots are in a kind of renaissance- tools like George Buckenham’s Cheap Bots Done Quick (which uses Kate Compton’s Tracery) and the plethora of tutorials and frameworks have radically democratized the process, and it seems like every day I see someone new to this space building interesting or beautiful things. I am learning as much from newcomers to the form than anything!
In short, for the future- who knows? But at the moment, bots are serving as a fascinating space to test out new ideas, construct entity and artwork of generated text and data, and publish those experiments to an audience who are excited to see them in the world. What more could one hope for?
Finally, what are your favorite bots at the moment?
https://twitter.com/CreatureList – automata bestiary from @samteebee
https://twitter.com/FFD8FFDB – image-processed security cameras by @derekarnold
https://twitter.com/imgconvos – a @thricedotted answer to image-bot loops
https://twitter.com/everycolorbot – the first bot truly dear to me still going strong, thanks to @vogon
https://twitter.com/reverseocr – a @tinysubversions bot that randomly draws until it hits whatever word it is trying to match in an OCR library
https://twitter.com/ARealRiver – the only real way to view this (very clever) bot is in its own timeline, probably on mobile. from @muffinista
https://twitter.com/LSystemBot – l systems by @objelisks
https://twitter.com/INTERESTING_JPG – a bot-form of deep learning, which attempts to describe human images with computer vision, by @cmyr
https://twitter.com/park_your_car – compelling use of google maps highlighting available car-space by @elibrody
https://twitter.com/wikishoutouts – shoutouts to the disambiguation pages of wikipedia
https://twitter.com/soft_focuses – a very quiet mysterious bot from @thricedotted
https://twitter.com/TVCommentBot – attemped image recognition of television, @DavidLublin
https://twitter.com/GenerateACat – procedural cats – @mousefountain and @bzgeb
https://twitter.com/pentametron – a bot that looks for tweets in accidental iambic pentameter by @ranjit
https://twitter.com/RestroomGender – @lichlike’s gendered restroom sign generator
https://twitter.com/digital_henge – this bot by @alicemazzy tweets moon phases, eclipses, and other solar and lunar phenomena
https://twitter.com/a_lovely_cloud – digital cloud watching from @rainshapes
https://twitter.com/the_ephemerides – computer generated poetry with outer space probe imagery, @aparrish
Taina Bucher is an Assistant Professor at the Centre for Communication and Computing, University of Copenhagen. Her research and teaching focuses on the intersection between media theory, software studies and social media. She holds a PhD in media studies from the University of Oslo (2012), on a dissertation about the ways in which software influences sociality in social networking sites. Besides her academic writing, she regularly publishes interviews with media artists and features on social media art.
To find out more about Katie Rose Pipkin’s latest projects, please visit http://katierosepipkin.com
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